Rue de la République
|Rue Impériale (1862-1871)|
cinéma Pathé Lyon - Bellecour
|Former name(s)||Rue de Lyon (1871-1878)|
|Location||1st and 2nd arrondissements, Lyon, France|
Rue de la République is a street located in the 1st and 2nd arrondissements of Lyon. This is the main shopping street of the city. This zone is served by the metro stations Bellecour, Hôtel de Ville - Louis Pradel and Cordeliers. The street belongs to the zone classified as World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
After his appointment in 1853, the prefect of the Rhône and mayor of Lyon Claude-Marius Vaïsse decided to create three new roads connecting the Place Bellecour to other major squares of the Presqu'Île :
- Rue Victor Hugo, connecting the Place Bellecour and Place Carnot
- Rue de l'Impératrice, then renamed rue de l'Hôtel de Ville and then rue du Président-Édouard-Herriot, between Place Bellecour and Place des Terreaux
- Rue Impériale (1862-1871), later renamed rue de Lyon (1871-1878), then rue de la République (since August–September 1878), which leads from the Place Bellecour to the Place Louis Pradel where are the Hôtel de Ville and the Opera.
Two squares have been created on this occasion, both located along the rue de la République : the Place Impériale (now Place de la République) and the Place des Cordeliers. The street, long over a kilometer, follows a south-west north-east axis from the Place Bellecour to the Place de la République, then a north south axis to the Place Louis Pradel.
In 1894, the President Sadi Carnot was assassinated at the palace of Commerce, located on the Place des Cordeliers.
In the 1970s, the construction of the line A of Metro generated the digging of trenches on the entire street.
The location of the Rue de la République, in the center of the city, and its large number of shops make the street one of the most frequented ones of Lyon by day and night. It is also known by its apocope, "Rue de la Ré".
Like the avenue des Champs-Élysées in Paris, the Rue de la République attracts a large number of signs, including :
- Luxury shops
- Cheap shops, including Cheap (Prisunic), demolished in 2006, and the fast-food Mac Donald
- Cinemas as Pathé Lyon - Bellecour, or the Pathé Lyon - Cordeliers (ex Nefs 8) and CNP Odéon both located in adjacent streets
- Major brands of distribution, such as Fnac Bellecour
- Many restaurants and cafeterias
Notable monuments and buildings
The Rue de la République is lined with Haussman-style buildings, constructed in the 19th century when the street was created.
- The former headquarters of the newspaper Le Progrès, now occupied by Fnac Bellecour. There is a mosaic "RF" meaning "République Française". This building located at 85 rue de la République was devised by Émile Étienne Guimet, initially for a theater
- Cinema Pathé surmounted by a belfry with a rooster at the top, a rare example of Art Deco style in Lyon
- The Palais du Commerce, headquarters of Chambre de commerce et d'industrie de Lyon and the Bourse de Lyon, with the nearby Church of Saint-Bonaventure (place des Cordeliers)
- The Nouveau Grand Bazar, occupied by shops. The building looks very modern by contrast with the surrounding ones
- The Hôtel de Ville and the Opera Nouvel, both located at the north end of town, Place de la Comédie.
- Maurice Vanario, Rues de lyon à travers les siècles, ELAH, Lyon, 2002.