Rueda de Casino
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Rueda de Casino (Rueda, Casino Rueda, Salsa Rueda) is a particular type of round dancing of Salsa. It was developed in Havana, Cuba in the late 1950s and early 1960s by the group Guaracheros de Regla and one of its main choreographers and creators was Jorge Alfaro from San Miguel del Padrón, a soloist of a comparsa.
Pairs of dancers form a circle, with dance moves called out by one person, a caller (or "líder" or "cantante" in Spanish). Many moves have hand signs to complement the calls; these are useful in noisy venues, where spoken calls might not be easily heard. Many moves involve the swapping of partners.
The names of the moves are mostly in Spanish, some in English (or Spanglish; e.g., "un fly"). Some names are known in slightly different versions, easily recognizable by Spanish-speaking dancers, but may be confusing to the rest.
Although the names of most calls are presently the same across the board, the different towns in Cuba use their own calls. This is because the pioneers of Rueda de Casino wanted to keep others from participating in their Rueda. Many local variations of the calls can now be found. They can change from town-to-town or even from teacher-to-teacher.
There are many different variations of moves in Rueda de Casino. The circle will either start from "al Medio" (normal closed hold with all the couples stepping in and out of the circle) or from Guapea (stepping forward on the inside foot and backward on the outside foot, tangent to the circle). Most forms have a caller who signals to the rest of the group what move will be next. Some of the most common moves in Rueda include: Dame, Enchufle, Vacila, and Sombrero. There are different hand motions that the caller can signal in case one's voice cannot be heard over the loud music. For example, the hand signal for Sombrero is the caller tapping the top of his or her head. This move is signaled when everyone in the circle is stepping backward.
Major Rueda de Casino groups known throughout the world are:
|Rueda de Casino Team||Location||Description and Information|
|Salsa Racing||Florida, USA||Principal Choreographer Henry Herrera, codified the Miami-Style Rueda. Dance on1 / A-Tiempo|
|Casino.com||Santiago de Cuba, Cuba||Principal world-renowned champion and choreographer Yanek Revilla. Two times in a row champion of Bailar Casino National Television program by state-owned television station, Cubavision. Dance On1 / A-Tiempo|
|Luceros Del Son||Pinar Del Rio, Cuba||Famous Hat Rueda team, innovations in cross switching. Dance On3 / A-Tiempo|
|Rumbanana||Corvallis, Oregon, USA||Famous Rueda team, achieving prominence in major championships in USA and Europe. Choreographer Mike Eskeldson and Simona Boucek. Dance On1 / A-Tiempo.|
|Minneami Salsa||Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA||The first "public option" Rueda team. Winners of the 2010 and 2011 Twin Cities Open Ballroom Championship. Minneami Salseros have performed throughout the world, including China, Dominican Republic, and throughout the United States. Principal choreographers: Jim Schuman, Carol Tonkin, Julio Cabrera, and Karla Juarez. Dance On1 / A-Tiempo|
|Salseros Indonesia||Jakarta, Indonesia||Winner of 2010 Asian Rueda Championships. Principal choreographer Albert James Loing. Dance On1 / A-Tiempo|
|Fuakata||New York City||Famous Rueda team known for their fun formations and innovative choreography. Principal choreographer Christopher Rogicki and Evelyn Ramirez|
|Salsa Vale Todo||San Francisco||Innovators in Salsa Casino in the U.S. Creators and Directors of the Salsa Rueda Festival; the largest Cuban music and dance festival in the U.S.. Directed by Nicholas Van Eyck and Serena Wong|
|Piel Canela Dancers||New York City||Currently hosting the largest Rueda de Casino program in the Northeast and one of the top 3 programs in the country. Offering 5 Levels and 11 classes a week. Program Founded and Directed by Alejandro Bouza |
|Salsa club Caribe||Stara Zagora, Bulgaria||The largest and growing cuban salsa community in Stara Zagora, Bulgaria. Focus on: Casino & Rueda de Casino.|
See also 
|Wikibooks has a book on the topic of: Rueda_de_Casino|
- (English) "A Rueda Wiki including streaming flash videos, Spanish pronunciation guides, an English translation of the calls and much more! Also available in a soft cover book."
- (Russian) "Rueda Calls & Descriptions"
- (Spanish) "Historia de la Rueda de Casino y la Salsa en Cuba"
- (English) "The Norwegian Rueda Standard includes a Reference to more than 100 Rueda Calls, Translations of Spanish Rueda Calls into English (and Norwegian), links to Videos on YouTube and more."