Rueil-Malmaison

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Rueil-Malmaison
Vue on the Place de l'Église
Vue on the Place de l'Église
Coat of arms of Rueil-Malmaison
Coat of arms
Paris and inner ring départements
Paris and inner ring départements
Coordinates: 48°52′34″N 2°10′52″E / 48.876°N 2.181°E / 48.876; 2.181Coordinates: 48°52′34″N 2°10′52″E / 48.876°N 2.181°E / 48.876; 2.181
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Hauts-de-Seine
Arrondissement Nanterre
Government
 • Mayor Patrick Ollier
Area
 • Land1 14.7 km2 (5.7 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Population2 79,379
 • Population2 density 5,400/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 92063 / 92500

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Rueil-Malmaison (French pronunciation: ​[ʁɥɛj malmɛzɔ̃]) is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, in the Hauts-de-Seine department of France. It is located 12.6 kilometres (8 miles) from the centre of Paris.

Name[edit]

Rueil-Malmaison was originally called simply Rueil. In medieval times the name Rueil was spelled either Roialum, Riogilum, Rotoialum, Ruolium, or Ruellium. This name is made of the Celtic word ialo (meaning "clearing, glade", "place of") suffixed to a radical meaning "brook, stream" (Latin rivus, Old French ), or maybe to a radical meaning "ford" (Celtic ritu).

In 1928, the name of the commune officially became Rueil-Malmaison in reference to its most famous tourist attraction, the Château de Malmaison, home of Napoléon's first wife Joséphine de Beauharnais.

The name Malmaison comes from Medieval Latin mala mansio, meaning "ill-fated domain", "estate of ill luck". In the Early Middle Ages Malmaison was the site of a royal residence which was destroyed by the Vikings in 846.

History[edit]

Rueil is famous for the Château de Malmaison where Napoleon and his first wife Joséphine de Beauharnais lived. Upon her death in 1814, she was buried at the nearby Saint-Pierre-Saint-Paul church, which stands at the centre of the city.

The Rueil barracks of the Swiss Guard were constructed in 1756 under Louis XV by the architect Axel Guillaumot, and have been classified Monument historique since 1973. The Guard was formed by Louis XIII in 1616 and massacred at the Tuileries on 10 August 1792 during the French Revolution.

During the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, Rueil was located on the front line.

At the end of the 19th century, Impressionist painters like Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Édouard Manet and Claude Monet came to paint the Seine River which crosses the town.

Rueil is (despite the title) the principal location of the novel Loin de Rueil by the French novelist Raymond Queneau.

The town is twinned with Walton-on-Thames, Surrey, in the United Kingdom.[1]

Main sights[edit]

The Château de Malmaison, the residence of Napoléon's first wife Joséphine de Beauharnais, is located in Rueil-Malmaison. It is home to a Napoleonic museum.

Economy[edit]

Office building in the new business district of Rueil-sur-Seine

The main campus of the French Institute of Petroleum research organisation is in Rueil. The city has also become home to many large companies moving out of La Défense business district, located only 5 km (3.1 mi) from Rueil, a trend first established by the move of Esso headquarters to Rueil.

There are about 850 service sector companies located in Rueil, 70 of which employ more than 100 people. A business district called Rueil-sur-Seine (previously known as "Rueil 2000") was created near the RER A Rueil-Malmaison station to accommodate these companies. The business district is equipped with a fiber-optic network.

Several major French companies have their world headquarters in Rueil-Malmaison, such as Schneider Electric and VINCI.[2][3] Schneider had its head office in Rueil-Malmaison since 2000; previously the building Schneider occupies housed the Schneider subsidiary Télémécanique.[4]

Several large international companies have also located their French headquarters in Rueil-Malmaison, such as ExxonMobil, AstraZeneca, American Express and Unilever.

Transport[edit]

Rueil-Malmaison is served by Rueil-Malmaison station on Paris RER line A.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Rueil-Malmaison is twinned with:

City Region Country Year
Ávila1  Castile and León  Spain
Bad Soden[5]  Hessen  Germany
Fribourg Wappen Freiburg matt.svg Canton of Fribourg   Switzerland
Lynchburg1  Virginia  United States
Elmbridge  Surrey  England
Kitzbühel[6]  Tyrol  Austria 1979
Sergiev Posad  Moscow Oblast  Russia
Timişoara Timis county coat of arms.png Timiş County  Romania
Jelgava Coat of arms of Zemgale.svg Zemgale  Latvia 2006
Zouk Mikael Lebanon Mount Lebanon Governorate  Lebanon 2009
Bukhara1 Uzbekistan Bukhara Province  Uzbekistan
Dubrovnik Republic of Dubrovnik Flag.png Dubrovnik-Neretva County  Croatia 2011
Kiryat Malakhi Israel South District  Israel 1985

^1 Sister City

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Elmbridge Online covering Cobham, Esher, Oxshott, Walton and Weybridge". Elmbridge-online.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-07-09. 
  2. ^ "Privacy Policy." Schneider Electric. Retrieved on 8 July 2010.
  3. ^ "Contact." (Map) Vinci. Retrieved on 7 July 2010.
  4. ^ "Schneider-Electric s'est installé chez une filiale." Schneider Electric. Retrieved on 8 July 2010.
  5. ^ "Partnerstädte" (in German). Bad Soden am Taunus. Retrieved 2013-12-11. 
  6. ^ "Partnerstädte". Stadtgemeinde Kitzbühel (in German). Retrieved 2008-08-04. 

External links[edit]