Rufford, Lancashire

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Rufford
Rufford.JPG
View across St Mary's Marina towards the Parish Church of St Mary the Virgin
Rufford is located in Lancashire
Rufford
Rufford
 Rufford shown within Lancashire
OS grid reference SD458155
Civil parish Rufford
District West Lancashire
Shire county Lancashire
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ORMSKIRK
Postcode district L40
Dialling code 01704
Police Lancashire
Fire Lancashire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament South Ribble
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire

Coordinates: 53°37′59″N 2°49′08″W / 53.633°N 2.819°W / 53.633; -2.819

Rufford is a village in West Lancashire, England. It lies at a point where the Leeds and Liverpool Canal (Rufford Branch), the Liverpool, Ormskirk and Preston Railway, the A59 (Liverpool to Preston road) and the River Douglas all meet.

Rufford is also a civil parish, which includes the neighbouring village of Holmeswood.[1] In 2001 the parish had a population of 2,048.[2]

History[edit]

Rufford's name derives from the Old English rūh and ford, the rough ford.[3] It was a crossing place over the River Douglas. Rufford was recorded as Ruchford in 1212, Rufford in 1285, Roughford in 1318, Rughford in 1332 and Roghforth in 1411.[4][5]

Part of the manor was granted by Richard Bussel, baron of Penwortham to Richard Fitton in the reign of Henry I. His descendant Dame Maude married Sir William Hesketh. Sir William's grandson married the daughter of Edmund Fitton, who owned the other moiety of the manor which then descended with the Heskeths.[5]

In 1339 Sir William Hesketh was granted a charter for a weekly market and annual fair. He fought at the Battle of Crécy in 1346, and was knight of the shire in 1360.[4]

In the late 15th century the Heskeths built Rufford Hall. It was altered in 1661 and redeveloped in the 1820s. The family built Rufford New Hall in 1760 and enlarged it around 1798-99 when the family left the old hall for the new.

Governance[edit]

Rufford was a chapelry in the parish of Croston from which it was separated by act of parliament and became a parish in 1793.[4] It was part of the Leyland hundred and after 1837 became part of the Ormskirk Poor Law Union which built a workhouse and took responsibility for the poor in that area.[5][6]

Rufford is a ward in the borough of West Lancashire, and elects one member to the council.[7] It also has a parish council that meets in the village hall. On Lancashire County Council, Rufford is combined with Burscough and Scarisbrick for the West Lancashire West ward.[8]

Geography[edit]

Rufford is 5½ miles north east of Ormskirk and covers 2,996 acres of mostly flat land which rises slightly towards Holmeswood in the north.[4] The soil is loam over sand and much of the land is used for arable farming or pasture. The Leeds and Liverpool Canal and the railway between Liverpool and Preston pass through the township and the River Douglas separates it from Croston.[5]

Mere Sands Wood Nature Reserve, managed by the Wildlife Trust for Lancashire, Manchester and North Merseyside is a situated to the northwest. In medieval times this area was on the edge of Martin Mere and was drained by the Heskeths. Sand from this area was used for glass-making and extraction companies quarried the site between 1974 and 1982 after which it was restored as a nature reserve. The reserve is a Site of Special Scientific Interest, (SSSI), because of its geological features and a Lancashire Biological Heritage Site.[9]

Population[edit]

Population in Rufford from 1801–1961
Year 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1951 1961
Population 853 998 1,073 869 866 861 905 816 782 794 765 922 1,130 1,427

Rufford CP/Ch/AP[10]

Economy[edit]

The village is largely rural with little or no industry. The farmland is grade one agricultural land. In the early 20th century the village was described as "one of the prettiest in South Lancashire" and was a destination for day trips from neighbouring towns.[4] Tourism began in Victorian times and today visitors are attracted by the National Trust property Rufford Old Hall, Mere Sands nature reserve and the marinas on the canal. There are tea shops and cafes in the village, a public house, the Hesketh Arms, and a hotel and restaurant, the Rufford Arms on the outskirts of the village.[11]

Transport[edit]

Rufford lies on the A59 road linking it with Southport, Ormskirk, Preston and Liverpool. The nearest motorway is the M6 at Parbold. The Liverpool, Ormskirk and Preston Railway constructed its line through the village between 1847 and 1849, and Rufford railway station opened on 2 April 1849. The Rufford Branch of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal runs through the village to the east of Rufford Old Hall and there are two marinas, Fettlers Wharf[12] and St Mary's which provide moorings. St Mary's Marina has a dry dock for repairs.[13]

Landmarks[edit]

Rufford's two halls lie within a conservation area.[14] Rufford Old Hall has belonged to the National Trust since 1936. It was home to the Hesketh family for over four hundred years until Rufford New Hall in Rufford Park was built.[15] New Hall was bought by Lancashire County Council in 1920 and in 1926 it became a pulmonary hospital for the treatment of tuberculosis.[16]

Another landmark is the parish church built in 1869. The red brick Church of St Mary the Virgin, built in the Gothic style with a steeple, is a Grade II Listed building.[17] The three-storey Hesketh Arms was probably built in the late 18th century of scored stucco on brick with low-pitched slate roof. The inn is painted white with stone quoins. The old inn is a Grade II listed building.[18] The Rufford Branch of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal passes on the east side.

Religion[edit]

A chapel was founded before 1346 when Sir Robert Hesketh was licensed to found a chantry. The chapel was rebuilt in 1735. It was a plain brick building with a bell cupola. A gallery and an organ were installed in 1829.[5] The chapel was replaced in 1869 by the present church dedicated to St Mary the Virgin, built of red brick and stone in the Gothic style.[4]

There is a Wesleyan Methodist church on Brick Kiln Lane, which was founded before 1893.

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Rufford Township Boundaries, GenUKI, retrieved 2011-03-18 
  2. ^ "Area: Rufford CP (Parish)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2012-06-11. 
  3. ^ Mills 1998, p. 293
  4. ^ a b c d e f Farrer, William; Brownbill, J, eds. (1911), "Rufford", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6 (British History Online): 119–128, retrieved 2011-03-17 
  5. ^ a b c d e Lewis, Samuel (1848), "Rufford", A Topographical Dictionary of England (British History Online): 711–716, retrieved 2011-03-18 
  6. ^ Workhouse, Workhouses.org, retrieved 2011-03-18 
  7. ^ Council members, West Lancashire Council, retrieved 2012-06-11 
  8. ^ "County Councillors Areas (A-Z)". Lancashire County Council. Retrieved 2012-06-11. 
  9. ^ Mere Sands Wood, Lancashire Wildlife Trust, retrieved 2011-03-18 
  10. ^ Rufford CP/Ch/AP  : Total Population, Vision of Britain, retrieved 2011-03-19 
  11. ^ Rufford Parish Plan October 2005 (pdf), Rufford Parish Council, retrieved 2011-03-19 
  12. ^ Fettlers Wharf Marina, Fettlers Wharf Marina, retrieved 2011-03-19 
  13. ^ St Mary's Marina Rufford, St Mary's Marina, retrieved 2011-03-19 
  14. ^ Rufford Park Conservation Area (pdf), Lancashire County Council, retrieved 2011-03-18 
  15. ^ Rufford (pdf), Lancashire County Council, retrieved 2011-03-18 
  16. ^ Extract Treatment of tuberculosis in Lancashire, BMJ, retrieved 2011-03-18 
  17. ^ Church of St Mary the Virgin, Rufford, Listed Buildings Online, retrieved 2011-03-18 
  18. ^ Hesketh Arms, Listed Buildings Online, retrieved 2011-03-19 

Bibliography

  • Mills, A.D. (1998), Dictionary of English Place-Names, Oxford, ISBN 0-19-280074-4 

External links[edit]