Rufiji–Ruvuma languages

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mozambique, Malawi, Tanzania
Linguistic classification: Niger–Congo
Glottolog: rufi1235[1]

The Rufiji–Ruvuma languages are a group of Bantu languages established by Gloria Waite (1979) and subsequent researchers: N10 (less Manda), P10 (Ngindo moved to N10), P20.

The languages, or clusters, along with their Guthrie identifications are:

Among the Guthrie languages not specifically classified are Ndonde/Mawanda (P20, said to be close to Mwera); Nindi (N10, said to be close to Ndendeule); and Tonga of Malawi (N10).

Nurse moves Manda to Bena–Kinga, but Ehret keeps it here.


  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Rufiji–Ruvuma". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.