Rugby, North Dakota
|Rugby, North Dakota|
Location of Rugby, North Dakota
|• Total||1.94 sq mi (5.02 km2)|
|• Land||1.94 sq mi (5.02 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,549 ft (472 m)|
|• Estimate (2013)||2,939|
|• Density||1,482.5/sq mi (572.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1031031|
|Highways||US 2, ND 3|
Rugby is often billed as being the geographic center of North America.
Rugby was founded in 1886 at a junction on the Great Northern Railway, where a branch line to Bottineau met the main line. The railroad promoters initially platted the town as Rugby Junction, getting the name Rugby from the town of Rugby in Warwickshire, England. It was one of several sites along the Great Northern's transcontinental route between Devils Lake and Minot that were named after places in England (the others were Berwick, Leeds, Knox, Norwich, Penn, Surrey, Churches Ferry, Tunbridge, and York). When the community became a city, the Junction was dropped from the name.
North Dakota's first permanent European settlers arrived in 1812 from the Earl of Selkirk’s colony in neighboring Manitoba, Canada. As farmers, they were more advanced than many of their contemporaries in the rest of the United States, having adopted sophisticated farming methods and machinery. Many of these implements, including an early McCormick Deering threshing machine, have found their way to the restored Pioneer Village in Rugby.
In 1931, the town of Rugby erected a 15 feet (4.6 m) tall rock obelisk marking the "Geographical Center of North America". This was moved to a slightly different location in or after 1971. According to a listing by the U.S. Geological Survey, Rugby is actually approximately 15 miles (24 km) from the geographic center of North America (6 miles (9.7 km) west of Balta), and even this designation carries no official status.
Rugby is located at  According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.94 square miles (5.02 km2), all of it land. Rugby claims to be the geographic center of North America and a monument stands in the city to signify this. The monument features flags of the United States, Canada, and Mexico.(48.367129, -99.995979).
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,876 people, 1,239 households, and 697 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,482.5 inhabitants per square mile (572.4/km2). There were 1,407 housing units at an average density of 725.3 per square mile (280.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.9% White, 0.3% African American, 5.8% Native American, 0.9% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.
There were 1,239 households of which 23.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.7% were non-families. 39.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.83.
The median age in the city was 47 years. 20% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.1% were from 25 to 44; 26.2% were from 45 to 64; and 26.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,939 people, 1,291 households, and 765 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,520.1 inhabitants per square mile (586.9/km2). There were 1,434 housing units at an average density of 741.7 per square mile (286.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.09% White, 1.02% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.03% from other races, and 0.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.44% of the population.
There were 1,291 households out of which 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.7% were non-families. 37.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.89.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 28.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 86.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $25,482, and the median income for a family was $35,745. Males had a median income of $25,885 versus $18,510 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,380. About 9.6% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.6% of those under age 18 and 19.1% of those age 65 or over.
- Todd Brandt, radio personality with The Todd and Tyler Radio Empire
- Nichi Farnham, Maine State Senator
- Larry Watson, poet, writer, and educator
Sites of interest
- Geographical Center of North America - Rugby is located in the geographical center of North America. There is a cairn marking this spot.
- Prairie Village Museum houses some of Pierce County's oldest historical buildings & artifacts including the 1886 Great Northern Railroad Depot.
- The Victorian Dress Museum -The building that houses the museum is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.
This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Rugby has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-14.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-14.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-02.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
- Wick, Douglas A. "Rugby (Pierce County)". North Dakota Place Names. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
- "Geographic Centers". USGS Geography Products. U.S. Geological Survey. 2001. Retrieved 19 November 2009.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 7, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 2, 2014.
- Climate Summary for Rugby, North Dakota
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rugby, North Dakota.|
- City of Rugby official website
- Cairn marking Center of North America
- State of North Dakota website discussing Rugby's status as Geographic Center of North America
- The Pierce County Tribune
- Community fact survey : Rugby, N. Dak., geographical center of North America (1972) from the Digital Horizons website