Rugby (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Rugby
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Rugby in Warwickshire for the 2010 general election.
Outline map
Location of Warwickshire within England.
County Warwickshire
Electorate 69,932 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 2010
Member of Parliament Mark Pawsey (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Rugby & Kenilworth
18851983
Number of members One
Replaced by Rugby & Kenilworth
Created from North Warwickshire
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency West Midlands

Rugby is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 recreation by Mark Pawsey, a Conservative.[n 2]

History[edit]

1885–1983

This constituency was created in a larger form under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 and lasted until 1983, seeing in the lifetime of that creation boundary modifications. Thereafter it was joined with Kenilworth in a combined seat.

2010-date

The Boundary Commission for England re-created a Rugby constituency as part of their review of parliamentary representation in Warwickshire. This was used for the first time at the 2010 general election.[n 3]

Boundaries[edit]

Historic boundaries

When first created in 1885, the Rugby division consisted of the Petty Sessional Divisions of Rugby, Southam, Burton Dassett and Kington, and Kenilworth except the parishes of Lillington and Milverton. The division as recommended by the Boundary Commissioners had a population of 49,291 in the 1881 Census.[2]

Boundary changes in 1918 expanded the constituency to the south, while removing some areas near Leamington Spa. The constituency was defined as consisting of the Urban District of Rugby, the Rural Districts of Farnborough, Monks Kirby, Rugby and Southam, together with the majority of Brailes Rural district (excepting only the two parishes of Ilmington and Stretton-on-Fosse which were in a detached part of Warwickshire). Finally, the division included several parishes which were in the east of Stratford-on-Avon Rural District: Charlcote, Combrook, Compton Verney, Eatington, Kineton, Loxley, Moreton Morrell, Newbold Pacey, Wellesbourne Hastings and Wellesbourne Mountford.[3]

When changes were made to constituency boundaries in 1945 to split up some extremely large constituencies, Rugby was affected by the recommendations made as a result of the growth in electorate in the Coventry constituency. It gained some areas to the east of Coventry which had already been added to Rugby Rural District but were previously part of Nuneaton division. This change added about 2,000 voters.[4] The constituency was considerably reduced in area in boundary changes which came into effect in 1950, being reduced to simply the Municipal Borough of Rugby and the Rural District of Rugby.[5] No alteration in boundaries was made as part of the First Periodical Review of Boundaries in 1954,[6] and in the Second Periodical Review which came into effect in 1974, the definition remained the same although changes in local government boundaries meant that a minor change was made.[7]

The Third Periodical Review of constituency boundaries expanded the Rugby constituency to the west. The constituency lost 6,545 of its 60,909 electors, in and around the villages of Ansty and Wolvey, to Nuneaton. It then gained 16,600 electors from Kenilworth, resulting in its renaming as Rugby and Kenilworth.[8]

Current boundaries

Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which slightly altered this constituency for the 2010 general election since which it has electoral wards:

  • Admirals; Avon and Swift; Benn; Bilton; Brownsover North; Brownsover South; Caldecott; Earl Craven and Wolston; Eastlands; Fosse; Hillmorton; Lawford and King’s Newnham; New Bilton; Newbold; Overslade; Paddox; Wolvey. in Rugby Borough
  • Bulkington in the Borough of Nuneaton and Bedworth.[9][10]

Constituency profile[edit]

The constituency consists of Census Output Areas of two local government districts with similar characteristics and that forming the bulk has a working population whose income is slightly above to the national average and lower than average reliance upon social housing.[11] At the end of 2012 the unemployment rate in the constituency stood as 2.3% of the population claiming jobseekers allowance, compared to the regional average of 4.4%.[12]

The borough contributing to the bulk of the seat has a quite low 17.5% of its population without a car, 19.6% of the population without qualifications contrasted with a high 28.2% with level 4 qualifications or above by way of illustration. In terms of tenure 69.5% of homes are owned outright or on a mortgage as at the 2011 census across the district.[13]

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1885–1983[edit]

Event Member[14] Party
1885 Henry Peyton Cobb Liberal
1895 Richard Greville Verney[n 4] Conservative
1900 Corrie Grant Liberal
Jan 1910 John Lawrence Baird Conservative
1922 Euan Wallace Conservative
1923 Ernest Brown Liberal
1924 David Margesson Conservative
1942 by-election William Brown Independent
1950 James Johnson Labour
1959 Roy Wise Conservative
1966 William Price Labour
1979 Jim Pawsey Conservative
1983 constituency abolished

MPs since 2010[edit]

Election Member[14] Party
2010 Mark Pawsey Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Rugby[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Mark Pawsey
Labour Claire Edwards
Green Terry White


Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General Election 2010 [16]
Electorate: 65,407
Turnout: 47,468 (68.9%) +1.5
Conservative gain from Labour
Majority: 6,000 (12.6%) +17.8
Swing: +8.9% from Lab to Con
Mark Pawsey Conservative 20,901 44.0 +5.7
Andy King Labour 14,901 31.4 −12.1
Jerry Roodhouse Liberal Democrat 9,434 19.9 +4.9
Mark Badrick BNP 1,375 2.9 N/A
Roy Sandison Green 451 1.0 N/A
Barry Milford UKIP 406 0.9 −1.1

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Jim Pawsey 24,417 47.3% +10.0%
Labour William Price 21,688 42.0% -6.2%
Liberal B. Lomax 4,945 9.6% -4.7%
National Front A. Gresham 551 1.0% N/A
Majority 2,729 5.3% -5.6%
Turnout 51,603 83.9% +4.1%
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election October 1974
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Price 22,926 48.2% -1.3%
Conservative A. Marlow 17,722 37.3% -0.1%
Liberal A. Butcher 6,775 14.3% +1.4%
Social Credit Party A.S. Frost 137 0.3% +0.1%
Majority 5,204 10.9% -1.2%
Turnout 47,560 79.8% -6.4%
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Price 25,176 49.5% -3.4%
Conservative M.T.E. Boswell 19,022 37.4% -9.2%
Liberal J. Campbell 6,560 12.9% N/A
Social Credit Party A.S. Frost 106 0.2% -0.3%
Majority 6,154 12.1% -5.9%
Turnout 50,884 86.2% +4.4%
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Price 25,041 52.8% +2.8%
Conservative J.H.P. Griffith 22,086 46.6% -2.4%
Social Credit Party A.S. Frost 254 0.5% -0.4%
Majority 2,955 6.2% +5.3%
Turnout 47,381 81.8% -3.1%
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Price 21,797 50.0% +8.8%
Conservative Roy Wise 21,388 49.0% +3.9%
Social Credit Party A.S. Frost 397 0.9% +0.2%
Majority 409 0.9% -3.1%
Turnout 43,579 84.9% +0.3%
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1964
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Roy Wise 19,221 45.1 +2.5
Labour D.H. Childs 17,532 41.2 -0.2
Liberal Simon Goldblatt 5,522 13.0 -2.7
Social Credit Party A.S. Frost 304 0.7 N/A
Majority 1,689 4.0 +2.8
Turnout 42,580 84.6 -1.0
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Roy Wise 17,429 42.6 -4.0
Labour James Johnson 16,959 41.4 -8.7
Liberal Simon Goldblatt 6,413 15.7 N/A
Independent A.S. Frost 142 0.4 N/A
Majority 470 1.2 -2.3
Turnout 40,924 85.6 +0.2
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1955
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Johnson 19,709 50.1% -0.2%
Conservative H.B. Soref 18,331 46.6% -3.2%
Independent E.H. Shafer 1,274 3.2% N/A
Majority 1,378 3.5% +3.0%
Turnout 39,293 85.4% -2.3%
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Johnson 19,995 50.3% +0.3%
Conservative C.A.G. Dance 19,796 49.7% +11.4%
Majority 199 0.5% -2.2%
Turnout 39,808 87.7% -0.5%
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950 [17]

Electorate 44,228

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Johnson 15,983 50.0 +27.3
Conservative J. Dance 14,947 38.3 +1.6
Independent William John Brown 8,080 20.7 -19.7
Majority 1,036 2.7 -0.7
Turnout 39,009 88.2 +14.6
Labour gain from Independent Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Rugby[18]

Electorate 62,696

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent William John Brown 18,615 40.4 -11.4
Conservative Lt-Col. John Lakin 17,049 37.0 -11.2
Labour Ronald Howard Lewis 10,470 22.7 n/a
Majority 1,566 3.4 -0.2
Turnout 46,144 73.6 +35.1
Independent hold Swing -0.1
By-election, 29 April 1942[19]

Electorate 47,752

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent William John Brown 9,824 51.8 n/a
Conservative Lt-Col. Sir Claude Holbrook 9,145 48.2 -13.3
Majority 679 3.6 n/a
Turnout 18,969 38.5 -35.3
Independent gain from Conservative Swing

General Election 1939/40: Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected; Conservative: David Margesson, Liberal: M E Avery, Labour: A E Millett.

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Margesson 20,905 61.6%
Labour H William Fenner 13,061 38.5%
Majority 7,844 23.1%
Turnout 33,966 73.8%
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931

Electorate 43,515

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Henry David Reginald Margesson 24,493
Labour E J Pay 10,523
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929

Electorate 43,515

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Henry David Reginald Margesson 15,147
Labour John Morgan 11,588
Liberal Robert Hamilton Bernays 10,158
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924

Electorate 33,903

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Henry David Reginald Margesson 14,434
Liberal Alfred Ernest Brown 10,524
Labour H Yates 3,768
Majority
Turnout
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1923

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alfred Ernest Brown 13,798
Unionist David Euan Wallace 11,286
Majority
Turnout
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing
General Election 1922

Electorate 32,646

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist David Euan Wallace 11,934
Liberal Hon. Arthur George Villiers Peel 8,196
Labour T H Holt-Hughes 4,940
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918

Electorate 31,726

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist
  1. John Lawrence Baird
11,325
Liberal Oscar Frederick Maclagan 7,399
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing

A # denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Kenilworth is since 2010 paired with Southam to form Kenilworth and Southam.
  4. ^ Before birthright succession to the Lords as Baron Willoughby de Broke
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "County of Warwick" in "Report of the Boundary Commissioners for England Wales, 1885" (C.-4287), vol I p. 165-7.
  3. ^ "39. County of Warwick" in "Report of the Boundary Commission (England and Wales)", Cd. 8757, vol II.
  4. ^ "Report in regard to the division of abnormally large Constituencies named in the Second Schedule to the Act", Boundary Commission for England, Cmd. 6634, p. 35-37.
  5. ^ Initial Report of the Boundary Commission for England, Cmd. 7260, p. 48.
  6. ^ "First Periodical Report", Boundary Commission for England, Cmd. 9311, p. 37.
  7. ^ F. W. S. Craig, "Boundaries of British Parliamentary Constituencies 1885–1972", Political Reference Publications, Chichester, 1972, p. 144.
  8. ^ "The BBC/ITN Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies", Parliamentary Research Services, 1983, pp. 114, 214.
  9. ^ Colin Rallings, Michael Thrasher, "Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies", University of Plymouth, 2007, p. 139.
  10. ^ 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
  11. ^ 2001 Census
  12. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  13. ^ 2011 census interactive maps
  14. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  15. ^ http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/2015guide/Rugby/
  16. ^ "UK > England > West Midlands > Rugby". Election 2010. BBC. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2010. 
  17. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
  18. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
  19. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949

Coordinates: 52°24′N 1°21′W / 52.40°N 1.35°W / 52.40; -1.35