Rugby union in the Scottish Borders

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Rugby union in the Scottish Borders has a long, and significant history.

The region has been responsible for several major innovations, and a presence in the national game which is disproportionately large, due to the fact it is the one part of Scotland, where rugby is the main sport and played by all classes.


For centuries Borderers had been playing various forms of folk football, that were extremely similar to rugby. Some of these are still played very occasionally, such as the game in Jedburgh. Undoubtedly their popularity paved the way for that of rugby. Ned Haig, for example played Fastern's Eve Ba'.

Throughout the mid to late 1870s, another almost parallel world of club rugby grew up in the Scottish Borders. This brand of rugby, imported from Yorkshire through the burgeoning woollen industry, was a world away from the refined old boy circuit of Edinburgh and Glasgow. The Borders remains the only part of Scotland - outside the predominantly middle class atmosphere of the Edinburgh elite - where rugby really managed to take root in Scotland. In small towns where there was little or no association football, clubs such as Gala, Hawick, Selkirk, Jed Forest, and Melrose, soon became the sporting focus for the hardy farming communities nearby.

Although the population of the Borders is only 100,000, its unique cauldron of local rivalries has produced some of the best players to come out of Scottish, or even European rugby. Many of the greatest Scottish sides, including those who won the Grand Slam of 1990, contained a substantial number of Borderers. It says much for the quality of play in the area that the three most enduring club sides in Scotland - Hawick, Gala(shiels) and Melrose, have populations of 14800, 12300 and 1670 respectively.

Borders rugby[edit]

The area of Borders rugby is largely contiguous with Scottish Borders region, but also taking in Langholm and Biggar.

Although the bulk of Borders rugby can be found in and around mid and lower Tweedsdale, the Border rugby region also takes in the likes of Langholm in Dumfriesshire in the south west, and Peebles, Innerleithen and Biggar (traditionally part of South Lanarkshire) in the west. The town of Berwick upon Tweed also has a strong association with the region, and its rugby club frequently plays against sides in the area.

Border League[edit]

As well as being geographically and culturally divorced from their city counterparts, the Borders clubs soon developed a competition of their own, the Border League, which is still contested, and which remains the oldest organised league competition in world rugby.

Rugby sevens[edit]

The Borders is also the birthplace of the abbreviated code of the sevens, which is somewhat ironic since Borders rugby has traditionally been built around forward muscle, rather than fluent back play.

The code was invented in 1883, when Melrose butcher and fly-half Ned Haig suggested a shortened version of the game, as a means of raising money at a local fair. The idea was a resounding success, with Melrose beating Gala in extra time to win the competition, and soon most towns in the Borders staged their own annual sevens tournaments in April and May.

So seriously do Borderers take the game, that when in 1983, the victorious French donated their Melrose Sevens winners' medals to the local lasses as a token of affection, that there was an uproar in the town. Borderers see a Melrose Sevens winners' medal as the next best thing to a Scottish cap.

The Melrose Cup is the main prize of the Rugby World Cup Sevens, and is named after this.

South of Scotland[edit]

The South of Scotland rugby union team (The South) is a select team made up of the best players from the Border region. They would take on overseas touring sides, drawing with South Africa on two occasions and famously beating an excellent 1984 Australia touring team. They also competed in the Scottish Inter-District Championships against Edinburgh, Glasgow, North & Midlands. But with the advent of professionalism in Rugby Union it was decided to create a full-time team called The Border Reivers. The Border Reivers were one of three professional sides set up by the SRU in the 1990s. While their appearance was initially regarded with some suspicion and derision, they did pick up something of a following and their demise was a minor scandal. Part of the problem was that while the Borders have produced much of Scotland's best rugby, they did not necessarily have the population to support such a team. The Reivers were initially merged into Edinburgh, and then disappeared.

The Clubs[edit]

The district includes clubs from the City of Edinburgh as well as two clubs, Berwick and Langholm, and are actually situated in Northumberland and Dumfries & Galloway respectively.

BT Premiership
The BT Premiership is the premier club competition over the Scottish Borders region.

National leagues
BT National Leagues is an amateur league competition for rugby union clubs in Scotland. It forms the 2nd tier of the Scottish League Championship.

East leagues
The East leagues cover the Edinburgh & District and the Scottish Borders area. They play at a level below that of the National Leagues structure. Winners of the league may progress to the National League.

The Scottish Borders consists of 17 clubs, the highest density of clubs per population in Scotland.

  • Gala
  • Melrose
  • Hawick
  • Selkirk
  • Kelso
  • Peebles
  • Jed-Forest
  • Hawick YM
  • Berwick
  • Duns
  • Langholm
  • Hawick Linden
  • Hawick Harlequins
  • St Boswells
  • Earlston
  • Walkerburn
  • Gala YM

Notable rugby players from the Borders[edit]

Bill McLaren, one of the best known faces, and voices, of Borders rugby