September 8, 1935 |
Capracotta, Molise, Italy
|Institutions||MIT, Harvard, Boston University|
|Alma mater||University of Naples, University of Turin|
|Known for||Hadronic Physics, Hadronic Chemistry, Magnecules, Controlled Intermediate Nuclear Fusion|
Santilli studied physics at the University of Naples and went on to attend the Graduate School in Physics of the University of Turin, graduating in 1966. In 1967 he was invited by the University of Miami to conduct research under NASA financial support. Starting in 1968, Santilli was an Associate Professor of Physics at Boston University, teaching physics and mathematics and conducted research for the United States Air Force. During this time, he became a naturalized American citizen. In August 1974 to August 1977 Santilli was a visiting scholar at the Center for Theoretical Physics of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
From September 1977 to August 1981 Santilli was a visiting scholar at the Department of Mathematics Harvard University under Department of Energy funding jointly with Shlomo Sternberg. In September 1981 Santilli established and became the President of the Institute for Basic Research Santilli has been the Founder and Chief Scientist of MagneGas Corporation. Currently, Santilli is the President of the Institute for Basic Research, Founder and Chief Scientist of Thunder Fusion Corporation.
Hadronic mechanics and hadronic chemistry
Although Santilli has published papers in the mainstream scientific literature, a large amount of his work has dealt with his so-called hadronic mechanics, a non-unitary, axiom-preserving covering of quantum mechanics for the interactions of particles at one Fermi mutual distances, while recovering quantum mechanics identically for larger distances, which theory has been named after the composite particle hadron and it is not generally accepted by the physics community. Santilli, a voluminous writer, has published hundreds of papers and a number of books on this and related subjects, including applications to chemistry, superconductivity, biology, and cosmology.
Santilli claims to have developed novel fuels, named "MagneGas" and "MagneHydrogen". They are produced by plasma arc gasification of liquid waste. Santilli claims that these fuels are composed of magnecules. These hypothetical magnecules are a type of theoretical chemical species proposed by Santilli, distinguished from better-known species by containing a novel type of bond called a "magnecular bond", which he claims consists of atoms held together by magnetic fields which arise from toroidal polarization of their electron orbitals. Neither these claims nor the existence of magnecules have been accepted by the scientific community.
This paper by Santilli claims (e.g. on its p. 21) that many types of magnecules have been identified.
In addition to proposing Magnecules as a new kind of chemical structure, Santilli rejects the prevailing view of chemistry as being well-described by quantum mechanics (see quantum chemistry). For example he argues that the covalent bond is impossible in quantum mechanics, as he cannot conceive of a manner in which two same-charged electrons can come together to cause an attractive interaction. (However, computational chemistry remains successful in describing chemical systems and is based on quantum mechanics of the electron.)
Magnecules have also been invoked as an explanation for a purported "HHO gas", which Santilli claims is "a new form of water" produced by electrolysis. The name comes from the supposed chemical structure (H × H)–O, where “×” represents a "magnecular bond" and “−” a conventional molecular bond. This has subsequently been adopted by water-fueled car scams and pseudoscience involving electrolysis machines and water torches. It is claimed that these devices produce HHO gas, with a number of unique properties, instead of the usual oxyhydrogen gas, which is simply a mixture of diatomic hydrogen and oxygen gases.
In 2006, Brown University Professor of Engineering Joseph M. Calo wrote in the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy that Santilli's article had "many serious misinterpretations, and misunderstandings of the 'data' presented", provided "absolutely no scientific evidence" to support HHO gas's existence and he described Santilli's Magnecules as “pseudo-science as well". Two scientists, Martin Cloonan, Professor of Chemistry at Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology in Ireland, and J. V. Kadeisvili have published replies to Calo's article, in support of Santilli's "HHO Gas" theory. Related publications in refereed[disputed ] journals include:
- Santilli, Ruggero Maria (2006). "A new gaseous and combustible form of water| (Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2006: 31(9), 1113–1128)". International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 31 (9): 1113–1128. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2005.11.006.
- R. M. Santilli. "The novel magnecular species of hydrogen and oxygen with increased specific weight and energy content". International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 28: 177–198. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2007.10.030.
- Y. Yang, J. V. Kadeisvili, and S. Marton. "Experimental Confirmations of the New Chemical Species of Santilli Magnecules". The Open Physical Chemistry Journal. 5, 2013: 1–16. Retrieved November 2013.
Scientific paradigms and conspiracies
In his book Il Grande Grido: Ethical Probe on Einstein's Followers in the U.S.A, an Insiders View (Santilli 1984), Santilli claims that in many institutions there is an effective conspiracy to suppress or not investigate novel theories which may conflict with established scientific theories, such as Einstein's theory of relativity. Institutions receive funding and have established entire departments dedicated to long established theories, and so he argues that these same institutions are ill equipped to challenge their own scientific paradigms with new theories. Santilli claimed that a number of scientists, including Nobel Laureates Sheldon Glashow and Steven Weinberg conspired, while he was at Harvard, to stop him from conducting research which might have led to the inapplicability of part of Einstein's theory of relativity. He has complained that papers he has submitted to peer-reviewed American Physical Society journals were rejected because they were controlled by a group of Jewish physicists led by Steven Weinberg.
- Santilli, Ruggero (1978). Foundations of Theoretical Mechanics: The inverse problem in Newtonian mechanics. New York: Springer-Verlag. OCLC 9020170.
- Santilli, Ruggero (1983). Foundations of Theoretical Mechanics: Birkhoffian Generalization of Hamiltonian Mechanics. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. ISBN 0-387-09482-2.
- Santilli, Ruggero (1984). Il Grande Grido: Ethical Probe on Einstein's Followers in the U.S.A.: An Insider's View. Louisville: Alpha Pub. ISBN 0-931753-00-7.
- Santilli, Ruggero (1984). Direct universality of the Lie-admissible algebras. Nonantum, Mass.: Hadronic Press. ISBN 0-911767-08-8.
- Relativistic hadronic mechanics: Nonunitary, axiom-preserving completion of relativistic quantum mechanics, Ruggero Maria Santilli, Foundations of Physics, 27, #5 (May 1997), pp. 625–729. DOI 10.1007/BF02550172.
- Santilli, Ruggero (1995). Elements of Hadronic Mechanics, Vol. I. Ukraine Academy of Sciences, Kiev. ISBN 0-911767-69-X.
- Santilli, Ruggero (1995). Elements of Hadronic Mechanics, Vol. II. Ukraine Academy of Sciences, Kiev. ISBN 0-911767-69-XI Check
- Santilli, Ruggero (2001). Foundations of Hadronic Chemistry: with Applications to New Clean Energies and Fuels. Berlin: Springer. ISBN 1-4020-0087-1.
- Structure and Combustion of Magnegases, R. M. Santilli and A. K. Aringazin, arXiv:physics/0112066v1.
- Santilli, Ruggero (2006). Isodual theory of antimatter with applications to antigravity, grand unification and cosmology. Dordrecht: Springer. ISBN 1-4020-4518-2.
- Weimar, C. (7 May 2007). "Snubbed By Mainstream, Scientist Sues". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 2001-02-03.
- Santilli 1984, p. 6
- "Prof. R. M. Santilli's CV". The R. M. Santilli Foundation. Retrieved 2012-06-03.
- Sternberg, S.; Santilli, R. M. (1979). "Integrability conditions for the existence of a Lagrangian in Newtonian mechanics and field theory". Annual Progress Report, 1 Mar. 1978 - 31 May 1979 (Harvard University). Bibcode:1979harv.rept.....S.
- "Curriculum Summary of Prof. Ruggero Maria Santilli". Institute for Basic Research. 5 January 2006.
- "MagneGas Management Team". MagneGas Corporation. Retrieved 2011-06-03.
- "Dr. Ruggero Maria Santilli". Thunder Fusion Corporation. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
- "Hadronic Journal Editorial Board". Hadronic Press. Retrieved 2013-11-03.
- "Algebras, Groups and Geometries Editorial Board". Hadronic Press. Retrieved 2013-11-03.
- IBR Staff (9 October 1999). "Conceptual, theoretical, and experimental foundations of hadronic mechanics, superconductivity and chemistry". Retrieved 2007-03-08.
- Trell, E. (2003). "Book review: Foundations of hadronic chemistry with applications to new clean energies and fuels: R.M. Santilli; Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, Dordrecht, London, December 2001, ISBN 1-4020-0087-1". International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 28 (2): 251–353. doi:10.1016/S0360-3199(02)00031-9.
- "From trash to gas". CNN.
- "Recycling Liquid Wastes and Crude Oil into MagneGas and MagneHydrogen". August 30, 2003. Archived from the original on 2007-02-04. Retrieved 2007-03-02.
- Sterling D. Allan (August 25, 2006). "Interview with Dr. Santilli of MagneGas". Retrieved 2007-03-02.
- Application of hadronic mechanics, superconductivity and chemistry to new clean fuels and energies, IBR staff. Accessed on line October 25, 2007.
- Application of hadronic mechanics, superconductivity and chemistry to new clean fuels and energies (continued), IBR staff. Accessed on line October 25, 2007.
- , accessed 2007-03-08.[dead link]
- Santilli (2006).
- R. M. Santilli, A. K. Aringazin; Aringazin (December 20, 2001). "Structure and Combustion of Magnegases". Hadronic Journal (27): p. 299–330. arXiv:physics/0112066. Bibcode:2001physics..12066S.
- Santilli, Ruggero Maria (2006-02-17). "The Novel 'Controlled Intermediate Nuclear Fusion' and its Possible Industrial Realization as Predicted by Hadronic Mechanics and Chemistry". Journal of Applied Science 7: 1679. arXiv:physics/0602125. Bibcode:2007JApSc...7.1679S.
- J. M. Calo (November 3, 2006). "Comments on "A new gaseous and combustible form of water" by R.M. Santilli (Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2006: 31(9), 1113–1128)". International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 32 (9): 1309–1312. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2006.11.004.
- Water-Powered Cars: Hydrogen Electrolyzer Mod Can't Up MPGs, Mike Allen, August 7, 2008, Popularmechanics.com
- Martin O. Cloonan (2008). "A chemist's view of J.M. Calo's comments on: "A new gaseous and combustible form of water" by R.M. Santilli (Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2006:31(9), 1113–1128)". International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 33 (2): 922–926. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2007.11.009.
- J.V. Kadeisvili (2008). "Rebuttal of J.M. Calo's comments on R.M. Santilli's HHO paper". International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 33 (2): 918–921. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2007.10.030.
- "The Politics of Science: II Grande Grido Ethical Probe on Einstein's Followers in the U.S.A.-An Insider's View By Ruggcro Maria Santilli Alpha Publishing: 354 pp, $19.50.". The Harvard Crimson. March 20, 1985.
- Farrell, John (6 July 2000). "Did Einstein cheat?". Salon.com. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
- H. Lustig (2005). "A proper homage to our Ben". In H. Henry Stroke. Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics: 51 (Advances in Atomic, Molecular, & Optical Physics). Academic Press. p. 26. ISBN 978-0120038510. "Ruggero Maria Santilli of The Institute for Basic Research, who complained bitterly about the rejection of his papers 'disproving' Einstein's relativity, which he attributed to Jewish domination of APS' journals."
- Weimar, Carrie (May 9, 2007). "Snubbed by mainstream, scrappy scientist sues". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 29 June 2011.