Ruggero Settimo (19 May 1778 — 12 May 1863) was an Italian politician, diplomat, and patriotic activist of Sicily. The name means "Roger the Seventh", come from family name originated from Pisa (Tuscany). He was counter-admiral of Sicilian Fleet, He fights alongside the British fleet in the Mediterranean Sea against the French under Napoleon Bonaparte. Reconquered the island of Malta, and defended the city of Gaeta near Naples. In 1811 he had to retire from the military to health problems. He was a member of the Sicilian government of Prince Castelnovo in 1812 as Minister of the merchant navy. Was a member of the revolutionary junta of 1820-1821 and in 1848 as president of the Sicilian Senate was appointed as Chairman of the Kingdom of Sicily and led the Sicilian government until 1849. His family was in legacy for marriage with the last heir of the family Calvello (about 1468), so became proprietary of one of the largest estates in Sicily. With his father Trajan Settim Aversa the feud was given the title of the Principality of Fitalia. The feud was born in 1130 after the investiture of King Roger II King of Sicily. Why King Roger gift this feud to the husband of the woman who nursed him and his brother Simon.
He was born in Palermo.
He was one of the most important protagonists of the Sicilian revolution of independence of 1848, after which he was effective head of state of an independent Sicily that replaced the Bourbon Two Sicilies for 16 months. Once the rebellion was put down by King Ferdinand II's army, he escaped to Malta, where he lived out the rest of his life in exile.
- Correnti, Santi (2002) A Short History of Sicily, Les Editions Musae, Montreal.
- Scianò, Giuseppe (2004) Sicilia, Sicilia, Sicilia!, Edizione Anteprima, Palermo (in Italian).
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