|Zone||Rapti (darker grey)|
|• Total||2,877 km2 (1,111 sq mi)|
|• Density||72/km2 (190/sq mi)|
|Time zone||NPT (UTC+5:45)|
Rukum District(Nepali: रुकुम जिल्ला Listen (help·info), is a "hill" and "mountain" district some 280 km west of Kathmandu in Rapti Zone of Nepal's Mid-Western Region. Rukum covers an area of 2,877 km² with population of 188,438 in 2001 and 208,567 in 2011. Musikot (also called Jhumlikhalanga) is the district's administrative center. Rukum district has many potential tourist attractions that remain unexplored. There is 5,849 meter (19,195 ft.) Mt. Sisne (Nepali: सिस्ने हिमाल), the westernmost high peak in the Dhaulagiri massif. Sisne is also called virgin mountain, Hiunchuli Patan and Murkatta Himal. It was unclimbed until a Nepalese expedition lead by Man Bahadur Khatri reached the summit in May 2013. Rukum is also called "the place of 52 lakes and 53 hills". Rukumkot (Nepali: रुकुमकोट） has a beautiful pond called Rukmini Tal or locally Kamal Dhaha. Nearby are notable temples called Barah and Sibalaya, and caves such as Deurali Cave.
Tourism in Rukum
Rukum is so much more than just lakes & hills. Discover this unique place, with its warm hospitality, fusion of cultures, beautiful Valley Rukumkot, Hunting reserve, Hurbal Land and caves, Flora &Fauna. One can get not only natural and religious places but also can explore new destinations as typical Magar culture & diversity of different ethnic groups, mysterious places, historic places...and varied tourist attractions.
Main Attracttions of Rukum:
- The place of 52 lakes and 53 hills.
- District of Virgin Mountain call Mt. Sisne (5,849 m)
- Land of Mysterious Caves
- Typical Magar (Kham) Culture
- Gateway to Nepal`s Only one hunting reserve (Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve) & Lower Dolpo
- Flora & Fauna
- Religious Places (Kamal Daha Baraji, Digre saikumari, Uttarganga River etc.)
Geography and Climate
Rukum district is the northernmost part of Rapti Zone. It is in the basin of Bheri River, a major tributary of the Karnali. Most of Rukum is drained by west-flowing tributaries such as Uttar Ganga draining Dhorpatan Valley and to the north of that the Sani Bheri draining southern slopes of the western Dhaulagiri Himalaya.
Elevation ranges from below 800 meters along the Bheri and its lowest tributaries to about 6,000 meters in the Dhaulagiris with a range of climates from tropical to perpetual snow and ice. Agricultural use ranges from irrigated rice cultivation through upland cultivation of maize, barley, wheat, potatoes and fruit, to sub-alpine and alpine pasturage reaching about 4,500 meters.
|Climate Zone||Elevation Range||% of Area|
|Upper Tropical||300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
|Subtropical||1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
|Temperate||2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
|Subalpine||3,000 to 4,000 meters
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
|Alpine||4,000 to 5,000 meters
13,100 to 16,400 ft.
|Nival||above 5,000 meters||0.7%|
Rukum District is considered remote because air travel is the only modern transportation mode available. Two airports offer safe but rudimentary facilities for passenger flights, mainly from Nepalganj, and Kathmandu. Rapti Highway is under construction (as of 2010) to connect Musikot to Salyan Khalanga, Tulstipur and Mahendra Highway to the south. On the other hand, country`s dream project "Mid-Hill Highway is under construction .
Dang-Salyan-Rukum : About 10 hrs bus ride from Dang Tulsipur to Rukum Musikot
Mid-Hill Highway is under construction, and a national pride project that passes through 12 zones, 24 districts, and 215 VDCs.With a total length of 1,767 km, the highway connects Chiyo Bhanjyang of Pachthar district in the east with Jhulaghat of Baitadi district in the west.
Bus ride from Kathmandu takes up to 24 hours to Musikot.
Near the Bheri River. 762m above sea level and accessible by footpaths and horse trails only, with a grass runway 850m long and 30 m wide. It was the primary mode of travel to Rukum for government, NGO personnel, aid workers and backpackers before the civil war. During the conflict the security situation deteriorated and the local police station was shut down. The airport has 10 aircraft parking at once.
- About 30 minutes flight from Nepalganj to Rukum Salle airport.
Rukum Salle Airport
Located near Musikot, the district headquarters. It is accessible is foot way and road transport also since rapti highway has touched salle airport also. It's runway is 650 meter long with capability of parking of 4 aircraft at once.
-One and half hour flight from Kathmandu to Rukum Salle airport.
-About 20 minutes flight from Nepalganj to Rukum Salle airport.
Rukum was a flashpoint of the Maoist insurgency, along with Rolpa district. Rukum became a stronghold and was controlled by insurgents throughout the conflict. Many Maoist leaders came from this district, as well as many martyred insurgents. But now Rukum is known as a new tourism destination in Nepal.The Government of Nepal with Nepal Tourism Board has launched the Guerrilla Trek (Peace Trail) in Oct 2012.
Villages Development Committees (VDCs)
- Aathbis Danda, Aathbis Kot, Arma
- Banfikot, Bhalakachha
- Chaurjahari, Chhiwang, Chokhawang, Chunwang
- Garayala, Gautamkot, Ghetma
- Jang, Jhula
- Kanda, Kankri, Khara, Kholagaun, Kol, Kotjahari
- Magma, Mahat, Morawang, Muru, Musikot Khalanga
- Pipal, Pokhara, Purtim Kanda, Pwang, Pyaugha
- Rangsi, Ranmamekot
- Rukumkot, Rugha
- Sankha, Simli, Sisne, Syalagadi, Syalapakha
- The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system, . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7803-210-9, retrieved Nov. 22, 2013
- Districts of Nepal at statoids.com