List of rulers of Württemberg

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Coat of arms of the Württemberg royal family on a gate at the their current residence, the Schloss Altshausen in Altshausen, Germany

This is a list of the rulers of the German state of Württemberg, originally a county and eventually a kingdom until the ruling dynasty was overthrown in 1918.

Counts of Württemberg to 1495[edit]

Coat of arms of the Counts of Württemberg.

The Treaty of Nürtingen divided the County of Württemberg into two separate lines. Württemberg-Stuttgart with the capital Stuttgart and Württemberg-Urach with the capital Urach.

Coat of arms of Counts of Württemberg-Urach

Württemberg-Stuttgart line[edit]

Württemberg-Urach line[edit]

The Treaty of Münsingen reunited the two separate Lines under Eberhard V in 1482. Eberhard obtained the title of Duke in 1495.

Dukes of Württemberg 1495–1803[edit]

Main article: Duchy of Württemberg
Coat of arms adopted by Eberhard I in 1495 on the occasion of the raising of Württemberg to a duchy.
Dukes of Württemberg
Württemberg Dynasty
Image Name Began Ended Notes
Reiterstandbild Eberhard I. von Württemberg im Innenhof des Alten Schlosses.jpg Eberhard I 21 July 1495 24 February 1496
52Eberhard II.jpg Eberhard II 24 February 1496 11 June 1498
Ulrich, Duke of Wurttemberg.JPG Ulrich 11 June 1498 January 1519 Deposed
Württemberg annexed by Austria 1519–1534
Ulrich, Duke of Wurttemberg.JPG Ulrich May 1534 6 November 1550 Restored
Abraham Hel 001.jpg Christoph 6 November 1550 28 December 1568
Dominicus Custos Herzog Ludwig von Württemberg.jpg Ludwig III 28 December 1568 18 August 1593
Friedrich I, Herzog von Württemberg (1557-1608).jpg Friedrich I 18 August 1593 29 January 1608
900-185 Herzog Johann Friedrich.jpg Johann Friedrich 29 January 1608 18 July 1628
900-203 Herzog Eberhard III.jpg Eberhard III 18 July 1628 2 July 1674
1647 Wilhelm Ludwig-1.jpg Wilhelm Ludwig 2 July 1674 23 June 1677
900-221 Eberhard Ludwig.jpg Eberhard Ludwig 23 June 1677 31 October 1733
1684 Carl Alexander.jpg Karl Alexander 31 October 1733 12 March 1737 Also regent of Kingdom of Serbia from 1720 to 1733
Carl Eugen.JPG Karl Eugen 12 March 1737 24 October 1793
Ludwig Eugen 24 October 1793 20 May 1795
Friedrich Eugen Württemberg.jpg Friedrich Eugen 20 May 1795 23 December 1797
Seele-Friedrich I..jpg Friedrich II 23 December 1797 25 February 1803

In 1803, the Duke of Württemberg was raised to the rank of Elector of the Holy Roman Empire. In 1806, the Empire was dissolved, and the Elector of Württemberg became an independent monarch with the title of King.

Elector of Württemberg 1803–1806[edit]

Elector of Württemberg
Württemberg Dynasty
Image Name Began Ended Notes
Seele-Friedrich I..jpg Friedrich II 25 February 1803 1 January 1806

Kings of Württemberg 1806-1918[edit]

Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Württemberg

The Holy Roman Empire came to an end in 1806. The Elector of Württemberg, allied to Napoleon I, anticipated its dissolution by becoming the ruler of an independent Kingdom of Württemberg in 1806.

Kings of Württemberg
Württemberg Dynasty
Image Name Began Ended Notes
Seele-Friedrich I..jpg Frederick I
Friedrich I
1 January 1806 30 October 1816
DH-Wilhelm I.jpg William I
Wilhelm I
30 October 1816 25 June 1864 Son of Frederick I.
Karl I von Württemberg.jpg Charles I
Karl I
25 June 1864 6 October 1891 Son of William I. Became a subordinate ruler in the German Empire in 1871.
König Wilhelm II.jpg William II
Wilhelm II
6 October 1891 29 November 1918 Nephew of Charles I. Last king of Württemberg. Lost his throne in the German revolutions of 1918.

Because of a lack of male heirs under Salic law, on the death of Wilhelm II in 1921 the royal house had to reach back to the descendants of Friedrich II Eugen (ruled 1795–97). The line of the Duke of Urach was excluded because of a morganatic marriage back in 1800 by its forbear Duke William, and so the succession devolved to the younger branch of Altshausen.

Another morganatic descendant of Friedrich II Eugen was Mary of Teck (1867–1953), who married the British king George V when he was Duke of York.

Heads of the House of Württemberg since 1918[edit]

The legal line of succession of the house of Württemberg has continued to the present, although the house no longer plays any political role. For later rulers, see List of Ministers-President of Württemberg.

See also[edit]

Royal house
House of Württemberg
Founding year: 11th century
New dynasty
Württemberg founded
Ruling house of Württemberg
11th century – 1918
Vacant
Vacant
Title last held by
House of Romanov
Ruling house of Lithuania
1918
Vacant