Ruleville, Mississippi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ruleville
City
Ruby Avenue in Ruleville
Ruby Avenue in Ruleville
Location of Ruleville, Mississippi
Location of Ruleville, Mississippi
Coordinates: 33°43′37″N 90°32′57″W / 33.72694°N 90.54917°W / 33.72694; -90.54917Coordinates: 33°43′37″N 90°32′57″W / 33.72694°N 90.54917°W / 33.72694; -90.54917
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Sunflower
Area
 • Total 2.5 sq mi (6.6 km2)
 • Land 2.5 sq mi (6.6 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 135 ft (41 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 3,234
 • Density 1,278.3/sq mi (493.5/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 38771
Area code(s) 662
FIPS code 28-64200
GNIS feature ID 0676950

Ruleville is a city in the Mississippi Delta region in Sunflower County, Mississippi. The population was 3,234 at the 2000 census. It is the second largest community in the county.[1]

History[edit]

Fannie Lou Hamer Memorial in Ruleville

During the 20th Century African-American Civil Rights Movement, Fannie Lou Hamer, a farmworker, started a movement for poor people.[1]

Geography[edit]

Ruleville is located at 33°43′37″N 90°32′57″W / 33.72694°N 90.54917°W / 33.72694; -90.54917 (33.726883, -90.549191).[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2), of which 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2) is land and 0.39% is water.

Ruleville is along U.S. Route 49W.[1] Ruleville is about 15 miles (24 km) from the Mississippi State Penitentiary (Parchman).[3]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 3,234 people, 1,020 households, and 774 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,278.3 people per square mile (493.5/km²). There were 1,096 housing units at an average density of 433.2 per square mile (167.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 80.77% Black, 18.65% White, 0.43% Asian, 0.06% Native American, 0.03% from other races, and 0.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.87% of the population.

1,020 households out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.5% were married couples living together, 34.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.1% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.03 and the average family size was 3.55.

In the city the population was spread out with 31.3% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 80.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $21,351, and the median income for a family was $23,036. Males had a median income of $25,104 versus $21,063 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,664. About 29.5% of families and 36.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 47.7% of those under age 18 and 27.4% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The City of Ruleville is served by the Sunflower County School District.[5] Schools serving Ruleville and in Ruleville include Ruleville Central Elementary School, Ruleville Middle School, and Ruleville Central High School.[6]

North Sunflower Academy is in an unincorporated area of Sunflower County, about 2 miles (3.2 km) north of Ruleville.[7][8] The school originated as a segregation academy.[9]

Delta State University[1] is located ten miles away in Cleveland.

During the African-American Civil Rights Movement (1955–68), in June 1964 the "Ruleville Freedom School" was established to try to provide an alternative against the black schools.[10]

Transportation[edit]

Ruleville-Drew Airport is in unincorporated Sunflower County, between Ruleville and Drew.[11] The airport is jointly operated by the cities of Ruleville and Drew.[12]

Notable residents and natives[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Moye, J. Todd. Let the People Decide: Black Freedom and White Resistance Movements in Sunflower County, Mississippi, 1945-1986. University of North Carolina Press, November 29, 2004. 28. Retrieved from Google Books on February 26, 2012. ISBN 0-8078-5561-8, ISBN 978-0-8078-5561-4.
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ "Tornado Damages Mississippi Homes." Associated Press at the Daily Union. Sunday November 27, 1988. Page 4. Retrieved from Google News (3 of 20) on July 4, 2011.
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Ruleville Schools." Sunflower County School District. Retrieved on August 17, 2010.
  6. ^ "Sunflower County." Mississippi Department of Education. Retrieved on August 17, 2010.
  7. ^ "Driving directions." North Sunflower Academy. Retrieved on August 10, 2010.
  8. ^ Murray, Coddy. "SERVICE NOTES." St. Charles Post at the St. Louis Post Dispatch. July 2, 1998. Retrieved on February 27, 2011. "He is a graduate of North Sunflower Academy of Ruleville, Miss.,[...]"
  9. ^ Moye, J. Todd. Let the People Decide: Black Freedom and White Resistance Movements in Sunflower County, Mississippi, 1945-1986. UNC Press Books, 2004. 243. Retrieved from Google Books on March 2, 2011. "Sunflower County's two other segregation academies— North Sunflower Academy, between Drew and Ruleville, and Central Delta Academy in Inverness— both sprouted in a similar fashion." ISBN 0-8078-5561-8, ISBN 978-0-8078-5561-4.
  10. ^ Moye, p. 128. - p. 125 says "In the early months of 1964," so page 128 is talking about things in 1964
  11. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for M37 - Retrieved on September 23, 2010.
  12. ^ "Poplarville, Hattiesburg among airports receiving grants." WDAM. March 12, 2010. Retrieved on September 23, 2010.