|2011 Missouri River floods. The Rulo Bridges cross the river|
|• Total||0.63 sq mi (1.63 km2)|
|• Land||0.63 sq mi (1.63 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||886 ft (270 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||171|
|• Density||273.0/sq mi (105.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0832769|
The 'Leary' excavation is the main 'Oneota'-(oh-oh-nee-tah) reference to the Missouri River. The Oneota were a 'Mississippi' equal culture that flourished from 1000 to 1650 AD. Oneota are the ancestors of Siouane-speaking tribes. The site is located near present Rulo. Around 1640, the area around the later Rulo is the property of the Omaha tribe.
E. H. Johnson, residing at Rulo, was the first practical surveyor and engineer who came to the County. In the fall of 1856, Mr. Johnson surveyed the townsite of Rulo (named from Charles Rouleau, one of its proprietors) for Charles Martin, Charles Rouleau, Wm. Kencelear and Eli Bedard, proprietors of the town. The current village of Rulo was mapped in 1856 during the implementation of the "Prairie du Chien treaty" (1830) and was created in 1857 on prairie owned by Amelia (Emilie) Menard, wife of Charles Rouleau (old Charley Rulo ). Amelia was a Yankton Sioux and probably born on March 7, 1834. Charles Rouleau was born in Detroit in 1824 and he died on June 29, 1873 in Rulo. He was buried in the cemetery of Rulo, but there is no tombstone. On January 8, 1858 Rulo got the status of village, on November 1, 1858 it became a city. The first name of the village was Rouleau, but by pronouncing the name by the many nationalities in the village, the phonetic pronunciation "Rulo" is now commonplace. In 1859 the territory was finally extended with the country owned by mrs. Sophie Menard, sister of mrs. Rouleau. Sophie Menard was married to Eli Bedard, born in Quebec in 1825: he also played an important role in the founding of the village. Rulo was a stop during the period of expansion to the west. In 1885 building started on a bridge across the Missouri River, CBQ (Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad) was the building company. During the years it took to complete the project, the population in Rulo was as high as 1,800. When the bridge opened October 2, 1887, it put Rulo on a "main line railroad," which continued to improve the economy of the town.
The first store was owned by Martin Berry & Gold. Later on came Easley & Sherer. The first village blacksmith was Joseph Brazo.
The first saw mill run by water power was built in 1856, by Chas. Rouleau, Wm. Kencelear, E. Bedard, E. H. Johnson, E. Plant, and others, at the mouth of Muddy Creek where Thacker & Jones' grist mill now stands. The first steam saw mill run in the County was put up at Rulo, in the Spring of 1858, by Israel May.
By issuing government bonds a school was founded in 1860. In 1861 a public school was opened. Teacher was T.V. Thomas. In 1867 there was already a larger school needed, again after the issuance of private bonds it was built. The teacher of the new school was L. Messler. He had two female assistants.
The first newspaper that appeared in 1858 in Richardson County was the "Western Rulo Guide". Owner was "A.D. Kirk & Co ". In 1878 the "Rulo Independent " appeared. This newspaper was particularly aimed at the southeast side of the county, but because of lack of subscribers, not long sustained.
The first church was founded in 1864 under the name "First Methodist Episcopal Church, north". The pastor was called P.B. Ruch. It took until 1877 for the church building arose. later there followed a "Sabbath School" (1865), a "First baptist church" (1866), an 'St. Peter's Episcopal Church "(1867), a "Church of the Immaculate Conception"(1870) and First Methodist Episcopal Church" (1872),
In 1933 the foundation for "the Rulo Bridge" was laid, a toll bridge across the Missouri River. The owner of the bridge was originally John Mullen from Falls City, together with a group of investors, the "Kansas City Bridge Company". In 1938 the construction started after the "Works Progress Administration" had decided to finance half the cost. In November 1939 the construction of the bridge was finished.
During the early 1980's, a small group of Christian Identity survivalists, lead by Michael W. Ryan, began living in a religious cult located on a farm two miles north of Rulo, along the Missouri River. The farm was converted into a compound and the members of the cult would commit thefts throughout the Nebraska-Missouri-Kansas area. The stolen property would be sold in order to buy weapons and survival equipment for the group. Ryan was ultimately arrested and sentenced to Nebraska's death row after the Nebraska State Patrol discovered that he was responsible for the torture murders of a 26-year-old cult member and a five-year-old boy. Ryan is currently appealing his death sentence.
As of the census of 2010, there were 172 people, 85 households, and 43 families residing in the village. The population density was 273.0 inhabitants per square mile (105.4 /km2). There were 116 housing units at an average density of 184.1 per square mile (71.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the village was 70.9% White, 23.8% Native American, 0.6% Pacific Islander, and 4.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.6% of the population.
There were 85 households of which 22.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.3% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 49.4% were non-families. 40.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.02 and the average family size was 2.63.
The median age in the village was 48 years. 18.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 18.6% were from 25 to 44; 34.4% were from 45 to 64; and 21.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 50.0% male and 50.0% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 226 people, 97 households, and 62 families residing in the village. The population density was 359.9 people per square mile (138.5/km²). There were 132 housing units at an average density of 210.2 per square mile (80.9/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 75.66% White, 23.45% Native American, and 0.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.44% of the population. In 2006 the population by the United States Census Bureau estimated at 197 , a decrease of 29 (-12.8%). The average age was 39.2 years in 2010.
There were 97 households out of which 24.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.1% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.86.
In the village the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 85.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males.
As of 2000 the median income for a household in the village was $21,719, and the median income for a family was $30,000. Males had a median income of $20,357 versus $17,292 for females. The per capita income for the village was $11,971. About 20.0% of families and 28.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 52.5% of those under the age of eighteen and 20.4% of those sixty five or over.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Rod Colvin (1992). Evil harvest: The shocking true story of cult murder in the American heartland. Bantam. ISBN 0-553-29868-2.
- "James Wickstrom Faces Attacks, Continues to Preach Christian Identity Doctrine". Southern Poverty Law Center Intelligence Report, Winter 2004, Issue Number 116. Retrieved 2013-03-12.
- Bergin, Michael. "Attorney asks for death sentence to be lifted." Lincoln Journal Star. 2012-02-13. Retrieved 2013-03-12.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.