Rumbach Street synagogue
|Rumbach Street Synagogue|
Rumbach utcai Zsinagóga
|Ecclesiastical or organizational status||Inactive Synagogue|
|Architectural style||Moorish Revival|
|Direction of façade||SW|
|Length||50 meters (160 ft)|
|Width||35 meters (115 ft)|
|Height (max)||28 meters (92 ft)|
The synagogue in Rumbach Street was built in 1872 to the design of the Viennese architect Otto Wagner. It served the so-called Status Quo Ante (moderate orthodox) community which preserved the traditional "pre-Congress" way of Judaism.[clarification needed]
The Moorish Revival synagogue has eight sides and while the interior as of this writing (2008) is badly in need of restoration, the octagonal, balconied, domed synagogue intricately patterened and painted in Islamic style is exquisitely beautiful. It was built not as an exact replica of, but as an homage to the style of the octagonal, domed Dome of the Rock Muslim shrine in Jerusalem.
The status quo movement
Between 1868-69 the Jewish Congress took place in Hungary, where the 3 major Jewish religious organizations were founded. The largest became the more liberal Neolog, the very conservative followers joined the orthodox faith, and the middle-of-the-roaders became known as the status quo. The main temple of the status quo movement was the Art Nouveau Rumbach Synagogue.
- Synagogues built in the Moorish Revival style:
- Muller, Ines (1992). Die Otto Wagner-Synagoge in Budapest (in german). Wien: Löcker. ISBN 978-3-85409-200-1.
- Kalmar, Ivan Davidson (2001). "Moorish Style: Orientalism, the Jews, and Synagogue Architecture". Jewish Social Studies History Culture and Society 7 (3): 68. doi:10.2979/JSS.2001.7.3.68. Retrieved 2008-03-19.
- Szegő, György (2004). "The Gozsdu Court in the Jewish Triangle". The Hungarian Quarterly XLV (76). Retrieved 2008-03-19.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gotthard Deutsch, Alexander Büchler (1901–1906). "Budapest". Jewish Encyclopedia.
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