|• Also spelled||Rummaneh (official)
|• Type||Village Council|
|Name meaning||"Pomegranates" (Rimmon)|
Rummanah (Arabic: رمّانه) is a Palestinian village located 17 kilometers (11 mi) northwest of the city of Jenin in the northern West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), the town had a population of 3,372 inhabitants in mid-year 2006.
In 1596, Rumana appeared in Ottoman tax registers as being in the nahiya of Sara in the liwa of Lajjun. It had a population of 12 households, all Muslim. The villagers paid taxes on wheat, barley, summercrops, olive trees, occasional revenues, goats and beehives.
The Dutch lieutenant van der Velde travelled in the area in 1851-2. He noted that Scottish missionaries in 1839 had found many old wells and other old remains in the area. He also described the village (called Rumuni) as being small, and identified it with ancient Hadad-Rimon (see Zacahriah xii, 11). French explorer Victor Guérin visited the village in 1863, and described it as being reduced to "twenty miserable dwellings". He did not notice any traces of antiquity, except for a few cisterns in the rock and a working well. Guérin agreed that the village was Hadad-Rimon, but disagreed with Jeromes assertion that Hadad-Rimon was identical with Maximianopolis.
In the 1882 "Survey of Western Palestine", the village (called Rummaneh) was described as:
A small village of mud and stone, near the foot of the hills, with wells to the west and olives below. This village seems to mark the site of Maximianopolis, a town 20 Roman miles from Caesarea and 10 miles from Jezreel (Zer'in), the ancient name of Maximianopolis being, according to Jerome, "Hadad Rimmon".
In a census conducted in 1922 by the British Mandate authorities, Rumaneh had a population of 548, all Muslim, while in the 1931 census, Rummana had 151 occupied houses and population of 644, still all Muslim. In 1945 the population of Rummana (including Khirbat Salim) was 880 while the total land area was 21,676 dunams, according to an official land and population survey. Of this, 2,876 dunams were allocated for plantations and irrigable land, 10,507 for cereals, while 27 dunams were classified as built-up areas.
The SWP found cisterns cut in the rock and a well. Dauphin described the place as being an ancient village on a hill slope, with traces of ancient remains, including cisterns and caves carved into rock.
- Palmer, 1881, p. 152
- Projected Mid -Year Population for Jenin Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 159.
- van der Velde, 1854, p. 355
- Guérin, 1875, p. 228 ff
- Conder and Kitchner, 1882, vol 2, p. 45
- J. B. Barron, ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine. Table IX, Sub-district of Jenin.
- 1931 British Mandate Census. p. 70.
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 55
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 99
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 149
- Conder and Kitchener, 1881, vol. 2, p. 68
- Dauphin, 1998, p. 743
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Claudine Dauphin (1998). La Palestine byzantine, Peuplement et Populations, Vol. III : Catalogue. BAR International Series 726. Oxford: Archeopress.
- Guerin, Victor (1875). Description Géographique, Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine. "Seconde partie -Samarie" ("Tome II").
- Hadawi, Sami (1970), Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine, Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft.
- E. Mills, ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Velde van de, Carel Willem Meredith (1854): Narrative of a journey through Syria and Palestine in 1851 and 1852, transl (1854) VOL I.