Rundēni

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Rundenu Church 5.jpg
Rundeni.JPG
Rundēni (village)
Bus stop Rundēni.JPG
Country: Latvia
Region: Latgale
District: Ludza District
Parish: Rundēni parish
Total area: 124,665 ha
Population: ~500 (2007)
Location: 56°16′36.3″N 27°49′34.7″E / 56.276750°N 27.826306°E / 56.276750; 27.826306
Other names: Rundāni, Rundeni, Rundani, Rundany

Rundēni or Rundāni is a village in Latvia; it is the center of Rundēni parish. In the village converge roads from six villages Zirgi, Kaunata, Lauderi, Vecsloboda, Raypole and Sapožņiki.

History[edit]

Rundēni got its name from latgalian words 'creek' and 'hot water'.[1] In 1933, it's acquired the status of the village, in 1935 was built 38 houses.

 Population  1935  1940  1989  2000  2007
 People  288  ~4000  445  401  ~500

Economic activities[edit]

Pre-SEI & library

In the centre of Rundēni are school (not working from 2007), pre-school educational institution, dispensary, a library (there is access to the Internet), the People's house (club), post office, two shops. There is a bus stop - Rundēni. By public transport (bus) it is possible to reach the populated places: Ludza, Zirgi, Pakalni, Kovaļiški, Borisova, Brodaiža, Gajeva, Pilda, Ņukši, Listaki, Martiši, Konecpole, Lazari, Vecsloboda, Soboļina, Šakuri, Lauderi, Skredeli, Ploski, Zilupe, Brigi, Pikava, Skriņi, Bobiši, Istalsna, Mežavepri, Dzenigaļi, Vertulova, Seiļi, Raipole, Nirza, Horoševa, Gorbi, Pildagreči.[2]

Showplaces[edit]

Hill of Crosses[edit]

Hill of Crosses in Rundēni 1.jpg

In 2000, a resident of Rundēni Janis Alnis (known Latvian specialist of missile construction, professor of Riga Polytechnic Institute) cleared the local hill from the garbage. In age-old days on this hill there was the Catholic Church constructed by monks-Dominicans. During up to 2007 on the Hill have been set crosses of various forms and beliefs, constructions with Runes inscriptions, a huge boulder on which the Cross made by the nature is represented. Many flowers and plants are planted. In the centre at Hill is The Cross, made from oak, whose age is 700 years. At the top of a Hill is located The Bell-Tower, in which instead of a bell - part of the tractor-trailer.[3]

The Roman Catholic Church of Christ's Ascension in Rundēni[edit]

The church is located at the heart of Rundēni - opposite the bus stop. Church doesn't have towers. There is separately standing small bell-tower with two bells. An iron fencing on the stone basis fences the church and bell-tower. Local landowner Andrey Shahno constructs the church about 1820.[4] Inside the church is a crypt, in which was buried the family of landowner Victor Shahno - descendant of Andrei Shahno. Victor Shahno himself has emigrated abroad during the Second World War. Until 1946 the crypt was available for visitors, but later was closed to prevent looting.

Rundēnu Manor / Rundēnu School / Museum[edit]

Rundēnu Manor house

Rundēnu School building is located on the territory of the manor, whose owner was Polish landowner Victor Shahno. Now on a place of Rundēnu Manor is only a park. In park of the manor the landowner has planted two malls of trees - on the one hand - lindens' mall, on another - fir-trees' mall. Lindens’ mall is kept and up to now.Fir-trees’ mall has been cut down for building needs during the Second World War. At this time inside the manor is located the school complex.[5] In 1938 construction of a new building of secondary school has begun. Future school director Arthur Burtnieks headed building construction. The school was built by hand, without technique help. In 1939 has opened the doors the spacious three-storey building of school.[5] Now the building of school is empty - in 2007 was last school release.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Does help Latgale crosses?, 2007-07-21
  2. ^ The schedule of bus service Ludza - Rundāni from www.1188.lv
  3. ^ Attempted Hill of Crosses, 2007-10-30
  4. ^ jonins.mii.lu.lv (in Latvian), 2002-08-10
  5. ^ a b On materials of the museum of school and edge of Rundēni