Runde

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Runde
Runde island
Runde island
Norway - Runde.png
Location in Møre og Romsdal
Geography
Location Norway
Coordinates 62°24′N 05°39′E / 62.400°N 5.650°E / 62.400; 5.650Coordinates: 62°24′N 05°39′E / 62.400°N 5.650°E / 62.400; 5.650
Area 6.2 km2 (2.4 sq mi)
Length 4 km (2.5 mi)
Width 3.5 km (2.17 mi)
Highest elevation 332 m (1,089 ft)
Highest point Varden
Norway
County Møre og Romsdal
Municipality Herøy

Runde is an island in the municipality of Herøy in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. The island has a population of 102 people (as of November 2011), and it's connected by the Runde Bridge to the island of Remøya to the south.

Runde is famous for its enormous amount of birds. It is said that there are about 500,000 to 700,000 seabirds inhabiting the island, most of them are to be found in the cliffs. The Runde Environmental Centre (Norwegian: Runde Miljøsenter) is a research station at the bird island.

Runde lies on the west coast of Norway, close to towns and villages like Fosnavåg, Ulsteinvik, Volda, Ørsta, and Ålesund. This region of Norway is famous for its long fjords and steep, snow-clad mountains.

Birdlife[edit]

Name Pairs
Atlantic Puffin 100,000
Black-legged Kittiwake 50,000
Common Guillemot 8,000
Fulmar 5,500
Razorbill 3,000
Northern Gannet 2,500
Common Shag 1,500
Great Skua 50
White-tailed Eagle 20

History[edit]

Throughout the years, several ships have gone sunk near Runde on the Norwegian coast. Some of them are said to be ships from the Netherlands and Spain, loaded with gold and silver.

The lighthouse of Runde
Runde Harbor

Akerendam Shipwreck[edit]

Part of the Runde treasure

One ship from the Netherlands, the Akerendam, was a newly built vessel which set sails from an island called Texel in Netherlands on 19 January 1725. Akerendam was a part of the Dutch merchant fleet, headed for Batavia (Indonesia) loaded with gold and silver coins to be used for the trade of spices in the Far East. The ship got caught in a storm in the North Sea, and the Akerendam disappeared into the north. The ship went down on the north side of Runde, and the whole crew of 200 was lost at sea. The inhabitants of Runde started to find parts of the ship that was washed up at its shore, including dead crew members.

The wreck site was close to the shore, and during the summer of 1725 four chests and other parts of the cargo were salvaged. But then the divers gave up, and the wreck was forgotten. During the 19th century, locals often found coins at the shore. But the origin was already forgotten, and the findings created the story that the coins was from the Spanish Armada of the 16th century.

The wreck was discovered in 1972 by sport scuba divers Bengt-Olof Gustafsson (Sweden), Stefan Persson (Sweden), and Eystein Krohn-Dale (Norway). Under the bottom vegetation of the seabed, the sand bottom was littered with encrusted coins. The following year, the site was investigated by Bergen Sjøfartsmuseum. Little remained of the ship but more than 500 kilograms (1,100 lb) of gold and silver was salvaged. In total about 57,000 coins were found; 6,600 of them being gold coins—mostly the rare 1724 Dutch Gold Ducat minted in Utrecht with only a handful known prior to this find, and the rest silver coins. Parts of the treasure are kept at Bergen Sjøfartsmuseum in Bergen and also at the Norwegian Coin Museum in Oslo.

The finders were allowed to keep two thirds of the treasure, which was later sold to collectors worldwide. The 1724 Utrecht Gold Ducats can command $750 to $1,000 each and are all in uncirculated quality, the highest graded ones are NGC / PCGS MS-63. The Norwegian state received 25% and the Netherlands received 7% of the treasure. This event later initiated a new legislation, making all wrecks older than 100 years automatically protected in Norway.

Runde Environmental Centre[edit]

The Runde Environmental Centre is a research station on Runde which has 4 main activities: a marine station, a house and hub for small spin-off businesses, an information centre, and a conference/overnight centre with 34 hotel-standard rooms in 8 apartment suites. In 2008, the Runde Tourist office at Runde Environmental Centre was founded.

References[edit]

  • Bruijn, J.R.; Gaastra, F.S.; Schöffer, I (1980). Dutch-Asiatic Shipping In The 17th and 18th Centuries. The Hague: Springer. ISBN 978-90-247-2270-9. 
  • Rønning, Bjørn R. (1979). Akerendam, The Story of the Runde Treasure. Oslo: Norsk Numismatisk Forlag. 
  • Wilson, Derek (1981). The World Atlas of Treasure. London: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-00-216877-9. 
  • Muckelroy, Keith (1980). Archaeology under Water. An Atlas of the World's Submerged Sites. New York: Mcgraw-Hill. ISBN 978-0-07-043951-1. 

External links[edit]