Rundell and Bridge

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Portrait for the Coronation of Queen Victoria by George Hayter (detail), wearing the new Imperial State Crown made for her by the Crown Jewellers Rundell and Bridge, with 3093 gems.

Rundell & Bridge were a London firm of jewellers and goldsmiths formed by Philip Rundell (1746–1827)[1] and John Bridge (baptized 1755–1834).[2] When Edmond Waller Rundell, nephew of Philip Rundell, was admitted as a partner in 1804, the firm's name changed to Rundell, Bridge & Rundell.[3] The firm later changed its name to Rundell, Bridge & Co. in 1834.

The firm was appointed as one of the goldsmiths and jewellers to the king in 1797 and Principal Royal Goldsmiths & Jewellers in 1804, and the firm held the Royal Warrant until 1843.[4]

Amongst its employees were the well-known artists John Flaxman and Thomas Stothard, who both designed and modelled silverware. Directing their workshops from 1802 were the silversmith Benjamin Smith and the designer Digby Scott; and in 1807, Paul Storr, the most celebrated English silversmith of the period, took charge, withdrawing from the firm in 1819 to establish his own workshops.[5]

The Royal Goldsmiths served four monarchs: George III, George IV, William IV and Victoria. In addition, their name was attributed to the 'Rundell tiara', made for Princess Alexandra in 1863. [6]

Rundell, Bridge & Rundell formed the General Mining Association (G.M.A.) in 1827 and opened a colliery in Sydney Mines, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, Canada the same year and a second colliery in nearby Dominion (then called Lingan and subsequently Bridgeport) in 1830. The G.M.A. operated coal mines and built shipping piers and railways in Cape Breton until it sold its eastern Cape Breton County holdings to the Dominion Coal Company by 1894 and retained its Sydney Mines operations until selling to the Nova Scotia Steel and Coal Corporation in 1900.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ See the Wikidata entry for Philip Rundell.
  2. ^ See the Wikidata entry for John Bridge.
  3. ^ Christopher Hartop et al., Royal Goldsmiths: The Art of Rundell & Bridge 1797-1843 (John Adamson) 2005, "Chronology", p. 12.
  4. ^ Christopher Hartop et al., Royal Goldsmiths: The Art of Rundell & Bridge 1797-1843 (John Adamson) 2005, "Chronology", pp. 12–13.
  5. ^ Christopher Hartop et al., Royal Goldsmiths: The Art of Rundell & Bridge 1797-1843 (John Adamson) 2005, "Chronology", pp. 12-13.
  6. ^ The Rundell Tiara.
  7. ^ Charles William Vernon, Cape Breton, Canada, at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century: A Treatise of Natural Resources and Development (Toronto and New York: Nation Publishing Company, 1903), 172-178. Leonard Stephenson, Dominion, NS, 1906-1981, 8-9.