A standard or "Original" runza.
|Place of origin||United States|
|Region or state||Nebraska|
|Creator(s)||None/Traditionally Ethnic (Volga German)|
|Main ingredient(s)||Bread, Ground beef, Cabbage, Seasonings, Onion|
|Variations||Cheddar Cheese, Swiss Cheese & Mushrooms, Italian style, Jalapenos|
|Food energy (per serving)||530 (Standard/"Original") kcal|
A runza (also called a bierock, fleischkuche or Kraut Pirok) is a yeast dough bread pocket with a filling consisting of beef, pork, cabbage or sauerkraut, onions, and seasonings. They are baked in various shapes such as a half-moon, rectangle, round (bun), square, or triangle. In Nebraska, the runza is usually baked in a rectangular shape. The bierocks of Kansas, on the other hand, are generally baked in the shape of a bun.
The runza sandwich originated in Russia during the 1800s and spread to Germany before appearing in the United States. The term bierock comes from the Russian word pirogi or pirozhki and is the term for any food consisting of a savory filling stuffed dough. The recipe was passed down from generation to generation and is available throughout the Americas, particularly Argentina and the Canadian provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba. The recipe was spread throughout the United States by the Volga Germans (Germans from Russia) and can be found in North and South Dakota, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Illinois, Kansas, Oklahoma and Nebraska. The term "runza" is registered as a trademark in the United States by Nebraska-based Runza Restaurants.
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