Rupert of Salzburg
|Rupert of Salzburg|
Head of a Gothic style statue of Saint Rupert
|Died||27 March 710
|Roman Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy|
|Feast||September 24 
|Attributes||Holding a container of salt|
|Patronage||Salzburg, The State of Salzburg|
Rupert of Salzburg (also Ruprecht, Hrodperht, Hrodpreht, Roudbertus, Rudbertus, Robert) (660? – 710) is a saint in the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches and a founder of the Austrian city of Salzburg. He was a contemporary of Childebert III, king of the Franks.
Rupert was bishop of Worms until around 697, when unbelievers in the vicinity of Worms exiled him from the city. He was sent as a missionary to Regensburg in Bavaria. There, he may have first baptized Duke Theodo of Bavaria, whose permission was necessary for further missionary work, and then baptized a number of the nobles. After such success, Rupert moved on to Altötting and converted the locals. He soon had converted a large area of the Danube. As well as converting the locals, Rupert introduced education and other reforms. He promoted the salt mines of Salzburg, then the ruined Roman town of Juvavum, and made it his base and renamed the place "Salzburg."  He reportedly died on Easter Sunday around 710.
An Austrian stamp of 1948 depicting a statue of Saint Rupert
Saint Rupert depicted wearing a miter, typical of a bishop
References and notes
- German language regional calendar, September, Institut für Praktische Theologie
- Ulrich Schmid (1912). "St. Rupert". The Catholic Encyclopedia 8. Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved 2007-03-27.
- According to Catholic Encyclopedia, "The assumption of 660 as the year of his birth is very likely legendary."
- "Saints of Salzburg", Orthodox England
- Catholic Encyclopedia states that "this scene has no historical foundation."
- Delehaye 1911.
- Bibliotheca hagiographica Latina, (Brussels, 1899), n. 7390-7403
- W. Levison, “Die älteste Lebensbeschreibung Ruperts von Salzburg” in Neues Archiv fur aeltere deutsche Geschichtskunde, xxviii. 283 seq.
- Hauck, Kirchengeschichte Deutschlands (3rd ed.), i. 372 seq.