Two extant species are recognized. One, Rupicapra rupicapra, has no common name other than simply chamois and is native to the mountains of south and central Europe, Turkey, and the Caucasuses in southwest Asia. The other species has more recently been recognized as separate from the rest: the Pyrenean chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica). They are named after their native habitat, the Pyrenees mountains of southwestern Europe.
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