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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Caprinae
Genus: Rupicapra
Blainville, 1816
Range of Rupicapra during the Holocene (grey) and present range (red)

Rupicapra is a genus of goat antelope called chamois. They belong to the bovine family of hoofed mammals, the Bovidae.

Two extant species are recognized.[1] One, Rupicapra rupicapra, has no common name other than simply chamois and is native to the mountains of south and central Europe, Turkey, and the Caucasuses in southwest Asia. The other species has more recently been recognized as separate from the rest: the Pyrenean chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica). They are named after their native habitat, the Pyrenees mountains of southwestern Europe.


  1. ^ Grubb, P. (2005). "Order Artiodactyla". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 711–712. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 

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