Rupnagar

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This article is about the municipality in Punjab, India. For its namesake district, see Rupnagar district. For the village in Nepal, see Rupnagar, Nepal.
Rupnagar
ਰੂਪਨਗਰ
Ropar
Archeological Site and Historical City
Gurdwara Sahib in Rupnagar
Gurdwara Sahib in Rupnagar
Nickname(s): Ropar
Punjab
Rupnagar
Rupnagar
Coordinates: 30°57′59″N 76°31′59″E / 30.9664°N 76.5331°E / 30.9664; 76.5331Coordinates: 30°57′59″N 76°31′59″E / 30.9664°N 76.5331°E / 30.9664; 76.5331
Country India
State Punjab
District Rupnagar
Government
 • Type municipal council
 • Body Ropar MC
Elevation 262 m (860 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 48,165
Languages
 • Official Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 140 001
Telephone code 91-1881
Vehicle registration PB 12
Website rupnagar.nic.in

Rupnagar (Punjabi: ਰੂਪਨਗਰ), also spelled Ropar or Rupar, is a city and a municipal council in Rupnagar district in the Indian state of Punjab. Ropar is a newly created fifth "Divisional Headquarters" of Punjab comprising Ropar, Mohali, and its adjoining districts. The ancient town of Rupnagar is said to have been named by a Raja called Rokeshar, who ruled during the 11th century and named it after his son Rup Sen. It is also one of the bigger sites belonging to the Indus Valley Civilization.

Geography[edit]

Rupnagar is located at 30°58′N 76°32′E / 30.97°N 76.53°E / 30.97; 76.53.[1] It has an average elevation of 260 metres (853 ft). Town lies on bank of Satluj river and Shivalik hill range spreads along the opposite bank of the river.

Location[edit]

Rupnagar is nearly 50 km to the northwest of Chandigarh (the nearest airport). It is bordered by Himachal Pradesh to the north and Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar district (formerly known as Nawanshahr district) to its west. The major cities in Ropar District are Morinda, Kurali, Anandpur Sahib and Chamkaur Sahib. The town of Mohali was once part of Ropar District before it became a separate district in 2006. The Bhakra Dam in Nangal lies on the boundary with the neighbouring state of Himachal Pradesh. Dadhi is one of the most important villages of the district, particularly because of Gurudwara Sri Hargobindsar Sahib.

There are many historical places in Ropar and religious places including gurdwaras such as : Bhhatha Sahib, Tibbi Sahib and Sadabarat Sahib.

Climate[edit]

The climate of Rupnagar District is characterized by general dryness (except in the south west monsoon season), a hot summer and a cold winter. The year may be divided into four seasons. The period from about middle of November to February is the cold season. This is followed by the summer season from March to about the end of June. The south-west monsoon season commences late in June and continues up to about middle of September. The period from mid September to the middle of November constitute the post-monsoon or transition season. The temperature ranges from minimum of 4 °C in winter to 45 °C in summer. May and June are generally hottest months and December and January are the coldest months. Relative humidity is high, averaging about 70% during monsoon. The average annual rainfall in district is 775.6 mm. About 78% of the annual rainfall is received during June - September. Evening in Ropar is a special one as it have very cool, breezy and cloudy kind of scenario which makes the natives rush towards the ropar lake to enjoy the landsscape and its natural beauty .

Demographics[edit]

As per 2001 India census,[2] Rupnagar had a population of 48,165. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Rupnagar has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 78%, and female literacy is 82%. In Rupnagar, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

District Administration[edit]

  • The Divisional Forest Officer, an officer belonging to the Indian Forest Service is responsible for managing the Forests, environment and wild-life related issues of the district and he is assisted by the officers of the Punjab Forest Service and Punjab Wild-Life Division.
  • Sectoral development is looked after by the district head of each development department such as PWD, Agriculture, Health, Education and Animal husbandry.

Education[edit]

Rupnagar city houses one of the prestigious technological institutes of the country, the IIT Ropar. The area surrounding the institute has developed well due to the establishment of the Institute during 2009.There are large no of govt, public and private schools in the city .

Schools:

  • Guru nagar Ropar
  • DAV Public School Ropar.(1923)
  • Rayat International School.
  • Shiwalik Public School.
  • Netaji Model School.
  • Holy Family Convent School.
  • Sahibzada Ajit Singh Academy.
  • Sant Karam Singh Academy.
  • New Model High School.
  • Model Middle School.
  • Gurukul Public High School.
  • Khalsa Senior Secondary School.
  • Government Girls' School.
  • Government Boys' School.
  • GMN Senior Secondary School.
  • RTP Model School.
  • Saint Carmel Public School.
  • DaffoDil.....Z Playway School
  • Sri Dasmesh Academy, Anandpur Sahib.
  • shri guru ram rai public school

Colleges and institutions:

IIT Ropar - Main Building of the Transit Campus.JPG
  • Indian Institute of Technology Ropar
  • DAV College Ropar.
  • Rayat Institute of Engineering & Information Technology
  • IET Bhaddal Technical Campus.
  • Government College, Ropar (1951).
  • Bela College of Pharmacy.
  • Ropar Institute of Management And Technology .
  • Rayat Polytechnic.
  • ITI Ropar.
  • Bk Institute of Nursing.
  • Government Nursing College .
  • DIET Ropar.

Famous People from City[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]