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The savannah is teeming with wildlife, including a large variety of bird species. The savanah is also home to the jaguar as well as the harpy eagle. The region usually floods in the wet season (May - August).
There are Amerindian villages dotted throughout the Rupununi savannah, as well as many ranches worked by vaqueros (cowboys), some of whom are descendants of 19th century Scottish settlers. The main town is Lethem, located beside the Takutu River, the border with Brazil. Owing to the savanna's remoteness from the rest of the country most trade is conducted with Brazil and most people speak a little Portuguese.
In 1969 some ranchers started what has been referred to as the Rupununi Uprising. The revolt was quelled within a few days.
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