Rural Township is located in Rock Island County, Illinois. As of the 2010 census, its population was 988 and it contained 389 housing units. Rural Township was formed from Coal Valley Township on an unknown date.
According to the 2010 census, the township has a total area of 36.2 square miles (94 km2), all land.
- ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place -- 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
Coordinates: 41°22′20″N 90°28′59″W / 41.372085°N 090.483073°W