Rurutu

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Rurutu
Austral Islands map highlighting Rurutu.png
Coordinates: 22°27′10″S 151°20′25″W / 22.4528°S 151.3403°W / -22.4528; -151.3403Coordinates: 22°27′10″S 151°20′25″W / 22.4528°S 151.3403°W / -22.4528; -151.3403
Country France
Overseas collectivity French Polynesia
Government
 • Mayor Frédéric Riveta
Area
 • Land1 29 km2 (11 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Population2 2,189
 • Population2 density 75/km2 (200/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 98744 / 98753
Elevation 0–385 m (0–1,263 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Rurutu is the northernmost island in the Austral archipelago of French Polynesia, and the name of a commune consisting solely of that island. It is situated 572 km (355 mi) south of Tahiti.

Geologically, Rurutu was initially formed 12 million years ago by the Macdonald hotspot, a hotspot associated with the Macdonald seamount. Over the next 10 million years, erosion shrank the island until it was almost an atoll. Then, just over a million years ago, Rurutu passed over the Arago hotspot, which lifted it roughly 150 meters (492 ft). Steep sea cliffs of ancient coral lifted by the event — called makatea — now largely encircle the island. These are riddled with caves filled with concretions — indeed, Rurutu is largely unique among islands in French Polynesia in that its historic inhabitants were cave-dwelling.

Unique wooden statue of the god A'a found on Rurutu in the early nineteenth century and now in the British Museum.[1]
NASA image of Rurutu

Because it is endowed with a fringing reef, Rurutu has in recent years become known for whale watching: Humpback whales come and reproduce here between July and October within easy sighting distance from the beach.

Although its tiny community still subsists primarily on fishing and basic agriculture, tourism has been a growing industry, especially since François Mitterrand's visit in 1990. Whale watching season sees the bulk of tourists, but the largely untouched native culture, the white sand beaches, and the lush tropical flora draw small numbers of tourists year-round.

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