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Rusape Central, Chipwanya Images
Rusape Central, Chipwanya Images
Rusape is located in Zimbabwe
Coordinates: 18°32′12″S 32°07′29″E / 18.53667°S 32.12472°E / -18.53667; 32.12472Coordinates: 18°32′12″S 32°07′29″E / 18.53667°S 32.12472°E / -18.53667; 32.12472
Country Zimbabwe
Province Manicaland Province
District Makoni District
City Rusape Municipality
Elevation 1,410 m (4,610 ft)
Population (2004 Estimate)
 • Total 29,292
Time zone CAT (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CAT (UTC+1)
Climate Cwb
Rusape Dam

Rusape is a town in Zimbabwe.


It is located in Makoni District in Manicaland Province, in northeastern Zimbabwe. It lies approximately 170 kilometres (110 mi), by road, southeast of Harare, the capital and the largest city in Zimbabwe.[1] Rusape is situated on the main road (Highway A-3), between Harare and Mutare, approximately 94 kilometres (58 mi), further southeast of Rusape.[2] Rusape sits at an altitude of 4,610 feet (1,410 m), above sea level.[3]


Rusape is a large, sprawling town that has not quite reached city status. As is typical of Zimbabwean towns, Rusape has areas of low and high density population. The main high density area close to the town is Vengere township. Other suburbs have also been built since Independence in 1980. Mabvazuva to the east of town, and Tsanzaguru further out. Mabvazuva literally translates to "where the sun rises" (the East). There is also a new fast growing medium density suburb far east sprawling into the farmlands which is called Magamba Township. Its name stemmed from the nearby Makoni District Heroes Acre. Tsanzaguru derived from the Rozvi meaning big sadza,as the Rozvi were known to freely give this to visitors.[4] Typically noticeable in the surrounding region are the kopjes, msasa trees, occasional tobacco farms and the sometimes densely crowded rural resettlement villages.

Rusape's main piped water supply is from the purpose-built Rusape Dam, which was built on the Rusape River. The river runs in a northwest to southeast direction on the town outskirts. There is also a ceremonial painting of the rock paintings at Diana's Vow. Royal Bank Zimbabwe, a commercial bank, maintains a branch in Rusape.[5]


The name "Rusape" was derived from the word rusapwe which means may it never dry, with reference to the ever-flowing waters of the Rusape River, adjacent to the town. Because there are no other perennial streams in its vicinity, it would be a disaster if the river dried. The settlement began in 1894 with the establishment of a British South Africa Company post on the Rusape River. A village grew around the post and during the First Chimurenga the village was attacked by Chief Mangwende. At Gwindingwi, during the early days of the first Chimurenga, Chief Makoni was beheaded by the British in front of his subjects, and his head taken to England.


The town of Rusape has expanded southward, to include the high density area of Vengere and northward to include the low density development known as Silverbow. According to the 1982 Population Census, the town had a population of 8,216. This rose to 13,920 in 1992. In 2004, the population of Rusape was estimated at 29,292.[6] The National Population Census of 2012 in Zimbabwe recorded a population of 30,316 for the town on 17 Augustus 2012.[7] Former Zimbabwean Cricketer Kevin Curran hails from Rusape.


The list of schools in Rusape include the following:

Primary Schools
  • John Cowie Junior School
  • St Joseph's Primary School
  • Tsanzaguru Primary School
  • Vengere Primary School
  • Rujeko Primary School
  • Highveld Primary School
  • Mabvazuva Primary School
  • Manda Primary School
  • Madzingidzi Primary School
Secondary/High Schools
  • Vengere High School
  • St Joseph's Secondary School
  • Tsanzaguru Secondary School
  • Tsindi Secondary School
  • St Faith's School
  • Kriste Mambo High School
  • St. Killians High School
  • Destiny College
  • Watermark College
  • Three Hills College
  • Vision College
  • Ashanti Dzaro

See also[edit]