Ruschein

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Ruschein
Former municipality of Switzerland
Collina Plontabuora.jpg
Coat of arms of Ruschein
Coat of arms
Ruschein is located in Switzerland
Ruschein
Ruschein
Coordinates: 46°47′N 9°11′E / 46.783°N 9.183°E / 46.783; 9.183Coordinates: 46°47′N 9°11′E / 46.783°N 9.183°E / 46.783; 9.183
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Surselva
Area
 • Total 12.54 km2 (4.84 sq mi)
Elevation 1,155 m (3,789 ft)
Population (Dec 2011)
 • Total 345
 • Density 28/km2 (71/sq mi)
Postal code 7154
SFOS number 3580
Surrounded by Elm (GL), Falera, Ilanz, Laax, Ladir, Schluein, Schnaus, Siat
Website www.ruschein.ch
SFSO statistics

Ruschein is a municipality in the district of Surselva in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland. Its official language is the Sursilvan dialect of Romansh. On 1 January 2014 the former municipalities of Ruschein, Castrisch, Ilanz, Ladir, Luven, Pitasch, Riein, Schnaus, Sevgein, Duvin, Pigniu, Rueun and Siat merged into the new municipality of Ilanz/Glion.[1]

History[edit]

Ruschein is first mentioned in 765 as Rucene.[2]

Geography[edit]

Ruschein village and Church of S.Gieri

Before the merger, Ruschein had a total area of 12.5 km2 (4.8 sq mi).[3] Of this area, 43.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 25.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 3% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (28.2%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3]

The former municipality is located in the Ilanz sub-district of the Surselva district. It is located on a terrace on the northern Vorderrhein valley wall. It consists of the village of Ruschein and the alpine herding settlement of Alp da Ruschein in the furthest Val da Siat.

Demographics[edit]

Ruschein had a population (as of 2011) of 345.[3] As of 2008, 4.9% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[4] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -4.2%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Romansh(69.4%), with German being second most common (26.7%) and Albanian being third ( 1.4%).[3]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 44.1% male and 55.9% female.[5] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Ruschein is; 42 children or 11.8% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 48 teenagers or 13.5% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 25 people or 7.0% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 62 people or 17.4% are between 30 and 39, 49 people or 13.8% are between 40 and 49, and 33 people or 9.3% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 41 people or 11.5% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 30 people or 8.4% are between 70 and 79, there are 26 people or 7.3% who are between 80 and 89.[4]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 43.6% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (29.2%), the FDP (17.5%) and the SP (9.5%).[3]

In Ruschein about 70.4% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Ruschein has an unemployment rate of 1.62%. As of 2005, there were 29 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 14 businesses involved in this sector. 11 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 4 businesses in this sector. 24 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 10 businesses in this sector.[3]

The historical population is given in the following table:[2][5]

year population
1850 245
1940 327
1980 283
1990 342
2000 356

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nomenklaturen – Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz (German) accessed 13 December 2014
  2. ^ a b Ruschein in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 23 January 2014
  4. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  5. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009

External links[edit]