Rush County, Indiana

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Rush County, Indiana
Rush County Courthouse, Rushville.jpg
Rush County Courthouse, Rushville
Map of Indiana highlighting Rush County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1822
Named for Benjamin Rush
Seat Rushville
Largest city Rushville
Area
 • Total 408.46 sq mi (1,058 km2)
 • Land 408.12 sq mi (1,057 km2)
 • Water 0.34 sq mi (1 km2), 0.08%
Population
 • (2010) 17,392
 • Density 43/sq mi (16.45/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website rushcounty.in.gov
Footnotes: Indiana county number 70
Rushville from the air.

Rush County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 17,392.[1] The county seat is Rushville.[2]

History[edit]

Rush County was formed on April 1, 1822. It was named in honor of Dr. Benjamin Rush, who signed the Declaration of Independence.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 408.46 square miles (1,057.9 km2), of which 408.12 square miles (1,057.0 km2) (or 99.92%) is land and 0.34 square miles (0.88 km2) (or 0.08%) is water.[4] It is drained by Big Blue River and Flat Rock Creek.[5][6]

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Rushville, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.6
 
34
17
 
 
2.6
 
39
21
 
 
3.2
 
50
30
 
 
4.2
 
62
39
 
 
5.1
 
73
50
 
 
4.3
 
81
60
 
 
4.4
 
84
63
 
 
3.6
 
83
61
 
 
2.9
 
77
53
 
 
2.9
 
65
42
 
 
3.6
 
51
33
 
 
3.1
 
39
24
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[7]

In recent years, average temperatures in Rushville have ranged from a low of 17 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −28 °F (−33 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 108 °F (42 °C) was recorded in July 1901. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.55 inches (65 mm) in February to 5.06 inches (129 mm) in May.[7]

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[8][9]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[8][9]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 9,707
1840 16,456 69.5%
1850 16,445 −0.1%
1860 16,193 −1.5%
1870 17,626 8.8%
1880 19,238 9.1%
1890 19,034 −1.1%
1900 20,148 5.9%
1910 19,349 −4.0%
1920 19,241 −0.6%
1930 19,412 0.9%
1940 18,927 −2.5%
1950 19,799 4.6%
1960 20,393 3.0%
1970 20,352 −0.2%
1980 19,604 −3.7%
1990 18,129 −7.5%
2000 18,261 0.7%
2010 17,392 −4.8%
Est. 2013 17,004 −2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 18,261 people, 6,923 households, and 5,046 families residing in the county. The population density was 45 people per square mile (17/km²). There were 7,337 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.69% White, 0.60% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. 0.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 32.5% were of American, 27.6% German, 12.7% English and 10.3% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 6,923 households out of which 34.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.80% were married couples living together, 8.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.10% were non-families. 23.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.70% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,152, and the median income for a family was $42,633. Males had a median income of $32,491 versus $22,101 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,997. About 5.50% of families and 7.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.00% of those under age 18 and 11.40% of those age 65 or over.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Rush County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co. p. 572. 
  4. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  5. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg "Rush. I. A S. E. county of Indiana". The American Cyclopædia. 1879. 
  6. ^ AAA World Atlas. Hammond Inc. 1992. p. 227. 
  7. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Rushville, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  8. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  9. ^ a b c Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Coordinates: 39°37′N 85°28′W / 39.62°N 85.47°W / 39.62; -85.47