Location of Rushon District in Tajikistan
|Province||Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province|
|• Total||2,266.7 sq mi (5,870.7 km2)|
|as of 1 January 2008|
|Time zone||TJT (UTC+5)|
|Area code(s)||+992 3556|
Rushon District or Nohiya-i Rushon (Tajik: Ноҳияи Рӯшон / Persian: ناحیۀ روشان) is a district in east Tajikistan, in the west-central part of the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province (GBAO). It stretches along the Bartang River between the Yazgulem Range to the north and the Rushon Range to the south. Its capital is Rushon, also known as Vomar (pronounced: vamar), situated on the border with Afghanistan, 65 km north of Khorugh (the capital of GBAO) along the Panj and the Pamir Highway. The population of Rushon district is 25,300 (1 January 2008 estimate).
Rushon district is home to Sarez Lake, which was formed as a result of an earthquake in 1911 in Bartang valley in the east of the district. Called "the Sleeping Dragon" by the native population, Sarez Lake is attracting growing attention of national and international experts for the study and mitigation of its potential threat of collapsing and causing devastating floods and landslides.
Rushon (Vomar) has a hospital, post office, bank offices (Orienbank, Agroinvestbank). Also it has a small airport without a paved runway that has the capacity to service small aircraft like AN-28. The district also has one hydropower station in the village of Shujand (10 km from the district center) with the capacity of 600 Kw/h. An additional diesel unit was built during the Soviet times, to meet the energy needs of the district, which was abandoned after the dissolution of the Soviet Union and has not been functional ever since.
Language and culture
Rushani language is spoken here. Rushon is renowned for its arts and musical traditions. Many famous musicians including Gurminj Zavkibekov, Mohjon Nazardodova, Musavar Minakov, Sherali Abdulkaysov, Jonboz, Davlatyor Kurbonmamadov, Muboraksho Mirzoshoyev, Nobovar Chanorov are natives of this district.
- Republic of Tajikistan, map showing administrative division as of January 1, 2004, "Tojikkoinot" Cartographic Press, Dushanbe
- Population of the Republic of Tajikistan as of 1 January 2008, State Committee of Statistics, Dushanbe, 2008 (Russian)
- "Waiting for the Dragon to Wake Up", Los Angeles Times, 22 July 1999