Rushton, Northamptonshire

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Coordinates: 52°26′02″N 0°45′31″W / 52.433955°N 0.758513°W / 52.433955; -0.758513

Rushton
Rushton Hall 01.jpg
Rushton Hall
Rushton is located in Northamptonshire
Rushton
Rushton
 Rushton shown within Northamptonshire
Population 452 [1]
Civil parish Rushton
District Kettering
Shire county Northamptonshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Kettering
Postcode district NN14
Dialling code 01536
Police Northamptonshire
Fire Northamptonshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Kettering
List of places
UK
England
Northamptonshire

Rushton is a small village and civil parish in Northamptonshire. It is about 2 miles (3.2 km) north-east of Rothwell and 3 miles (4.8 km) north-west of Kettering. The parish covers 1295 hectares and is situated on both sides of the Rover Ise. It contains the sites of three deserted settlements, details of which are set out below.

At the time of the 2001 census, the parish's population was 452 people.[2] The village has a primary school[3] and a pub opposite the village cricket pitch.

Buildings[edit]

Rushton Triangular Lodge

The village is home to Rushton Triangular Lodge which is in the former grounds of Rushton Hall which is 0.5 miles (0.80 km) west of the village; the hall is currently an hotel.

All Saints Church is of Norman origin but mostly 14th-century with 19th-century restorations in 1853 and 1869 by Edmund Francis Law. There is a monument to Sir Thomas Tresham (died 8 March 1559) of Rushton Hall.[4]

Other notable buildings in the village include a Manor House east of the church, Manor Farm House (17th-century) and the Georgian Old Rectory .[4]

Deserted settlements[edit]

The location, history and remaining physical evidence of three deserted settlements within the parish have been systematically documented.[5]

Barford - This lay near Barford Lodge and is listed in the Domesday Book with seven recorded inhabitants. In 1516, George Boyvil enclosed 86 acres of arable land at Barford and it was reported that "almost the whole village" was destroyed. The chapel that formerly served this village was no longer in existence in the early 18th century.

Glendon - This was immediately east of Glendon Hall, with a recorded population of fourteen in the Domesday Book. In 1327, there were ten tenants on the manor [6] In 1514, Robert Malory enclosed 494 acres of arable land as well as pasture. At that time, nine out of the twelve houses were destroyed.

Rushton St Peter - The site of this settlement is in the area of Rushton Hall. It was listed along with Rushton All Saints in the Domesday Book with a combined recorded population of 45. In the 1524 Subsidy Returns, only ten people paid tax at St Peter's parish, compared to 28 in All Saints.[7]In the early 18th century, it was recorded that the only buildings in St Peter's parish were the hall, the church and four or five shepherd's lodges.[8] The two Rushton parishes were united in 1780 and a faculty was granted in 1799 for the demolition of St Peter's church.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2001 census
  2. ^ Office for National Statistics: Rushton CP: Parish headcounts. Retrieved 19 November 2009
  3. ^ Directgov: School Profile: Rushton Primary School. Retrieved 19 November 2009
  4. ^ a b Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (revision) (1961). The Buildings of England – Northamptonshire. London and New Haven: Yale University Press. pp. 397 et seq. ISBN 978-0-300-09632-3. 
  5. ^ rushton "Rushton". An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in the County of Northamptonshire, Volume 2: Archaeological sites in Central Northamptonshire. Institute of Historical Research. 1979. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  6. ^ The National Archives: SC12/13/29.
  7. ^ The National Archives: E179/155/133.
  8. ^ John Bridges (1791). The History and Antiquities of Northamptonshire. Compiled from the manuscript collections of the late learned antiquary, John Bridges, Esq. By the Rev. Peter Whalley, late fellow of St. John's College, Oxford. Oxford. pp. 67–8. 

External links[edit]