Ruslan Khasbulatov

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Ruslan Khasbulatov
Руслан Имранович Хасбулатов
Хасболати Имрани кIант Руслан
Ruslan Khasbulatov August 2011 Moscow.jpg
Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR/Russian Federation
In office
10 July 1991 – 4 October 1993
Preceded by Boris Yeltsin
Succeeded by Office abolished
Personal details
Born Ruslan Imranovich Khasbulatov
Руслан Имранович Хасбулатов

(1942-11-22) November 22, 1942 (age 71)
Tolstoy-yurt, Grozny, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Nationality Chechen
Political party CPSU (1966 to 1991)
Alma mater Moscow State University

Ruslan Imranovich Khasbulatov (Russian: Русла́н Имранович Хасбула́тов, Chechen: Хасбола́ти Имра́ни кIант Руслан) (born November 22, 1942) is a Russian economist and politician of Chechen descent who played a central role in the events leading to the 1993 constitutional crisis in the Russian Federation.

Early life[edit]

Khasbulatov was born in Tolstoy-yurt, a village near Grozny, the capital of Chechnya, on November 22, 1942.

After studying in Almaty, Khasbulatov moved to Moscow in 1962, where he studied law at the prestigious Moscow State University. After graduating in 1966, he joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. He continued his studies, focusing on the political, social and economic development of capitalist countries, and received several higher degrees between 1970 and 1980. During the 1970s and 1980s, he published a number of books on international economics and trade.

Entry into political life[edit]

In the late 1980s, Khasbulatov began to work closely with rising maverick Communist Boris Yeltsin. He was elected to the Congress of People's Deputies of the Russian SFSR in 1990. He followed Yeltsin in the successful resistance to the putsch attempt in 1991. He quit the Communist Party in August 1991, and on 29 October 1991 he was elected speaker of the Supreme Soviet of RSFSR.

Role in the 1993 Constitutional Crisis[edit]

While Khasbulatov had been an ally of Yeltsin in this period, the two drifted apart following the collapse of the Soviet Union at the end of 1991. After the collapse of the USSR, Khasbulatov consolidated his control over the Russian parliament and became the second most powerful man in Russia after Yeltsin himself. Among other factors, the escalating clash of egos between Khasbulatov and Yeltsin led to the Russian constitutional crisis of 1993, in which Khasbulatov (along with Vice-President Aleksandr Rutskoy) led the Supreme Soviet of Russia in its power struggle with the president, which ended with Yeltsin's violent assault on and subsequent dissolution of the parliament in October 1993.

Khasbulatov was arrested along with the other leaders of the parliament. In 1994, the newly elected Duma pardoned him along with other key leaders of the anti-Yeltsin resistance.

Return to private life[edit]

Following the end of his political career, Khasbulatov returned to his earlier profession as a teacher of economics as founder and head of the Department of International Economy at the Plekhanov Russian Academy of Economics (REA). He continues to comment on political developments in Russia.[citation needed]

References[edit]

Preceded by
Boris Yeltsin
Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR/Russian Federation
1991–1993
Succeeded by
office abolished