Rusnė

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Rusnė
Skyline of Rusnė
Coat of arms of Rusnė
Coat of arms
Rusnė is located in Lithuania
Rusnė
Rusnė
Location of Rusnė
Coordinates: 55°17′50″N 21°22′40″E / 55.29722°N 21.37778°E / 55.29722; 21.37778Coordinates: 55°17′50″N 21°22′40″E / 55.29722°N 21.37778°E / 55.29722; 21.37778
Country  Lithuania
County LTU Klaipėdos apskritis flag.svg Klaipėda County
Municipality Šilutė district municipality
Elderate Rusnė elderate
Population (2001)
 • Total 1,642
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Rusnė (German: Ruß) is a border town in Šilutė district, Lithuania, located on the Rusnė Island in the Nemunas Delta, 9 km south-west from Šilutė.

History[edit]

Rusnė was first mentioned in historical sources in 14th century. In 1419 the first church was built in Rusnė, and in 1553 a Lithuanian parish school was established.[1] In 1863 the Rusnė synagogue opened.

In 1946 Rusnė received municipal rights, and in 1967 the whole Island of Rusnė was given this status.

Geography[edit]

Some parts of the town of Rusnė near Lake Dumblė are located below the sea level[2] and are the lowest in Lithuania.

Rusnė is on the Russian border, which is marked by the Skirvytė river.[2]

Anglers in Rusnė island

Tourism[edit]

Rusnė town and Rusnė island is very popular place for angling, as Nemunas delta is rich in various kinds of fish, and tourism infrastructure is built up in recent years. It is also a popular place for birdwatching.

Kursenieki[edit]

For more details on this topic, see Kursenieki.
Curonian-populated area in 1649.

While today the Kursenieki, also known as Kuršininkai are a nearly extinct Baltic ethnic group living along the Curonian Spit, in 1649 Kuršininkai settlement spanned from Memel (Klaipėda) to Danzig (Gdańsk), including in the area of the Nemunas Delta. The Kuršininkai were eventually assimilated by the Germans, except along the Curonian Spit where some still live. The Kuršininkai were considered Latvians until after World War I when Latvia gained independence from the Russian Empire, a consideration based on linguistic arguments. This was the rationale for Latvian claims over the Curonian Spit, Memel, and other territories of East Prussia which would be later dropped.

Notable residents[edit]

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nemunas Delta Regional Park website Accessed September 16, 2006
  2. ^ a b Nemunas Water Route:Your Guide To The River Nemuna. State Tourism Department under the Ministry of the Economy. 2007. p. 158.