Russ Carnahan

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Russ Carnahan
Russcarnahan.jpeg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Missouri's 3rd district
In office
January 3, 2005 – January 3, 2013
Preceded by Dick Gephardt
Succeeded by Blaine Luetkemeyer
Member of the Missouri House of Representatives
from the 59th district
In office
January 2001 – January 2005
Succeeded by Jeanette Mott Oxford
Personal details
Born (1958-07-10) July 10, 1958 (age 56)
Columbia, Missouri
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Debra Carnahan
Residence St. Louis, Missouri
Alma mater University of Missouri
Occupation Attorney
Religion Methodist

John Russell "Russ" Carnahan (/ˈkɑrnəhæn/; born July 10, 1958) was the U.S. Representative for Missouri's 3rd congressional district, serving from 2005 to 2013. He is a member of the Democratic Party.

The district includes the southern third of the city of St. Louis (known as South City) and most of the southern St. Louis suburbs including most of Jefferson County and all of Ste. Genevieve County. Some cities located in the district include: Webster Groves, Mehlville, Affton, and Oakville, and the southern suburbs of Arnold, Herculaneum, Pevely, Crystal City, Barnhart, Imperial, and Festus, as well as Ste. Genevieve in the neighboring Ste. Genevieve County.

Dramatic losses in population in St. Louis in the 2010 Census contributed to Missouri losing a Congressional seat effective 2013. In the proposed Republican created remapping of the state, Carnahan's district is slated to be dismantled. The bulk of the district, including Carnahan's home, was drawn into Missouri's 1st congressional district. The move placed Carnahan and William Lacy Clay, Jr. in the same district; Carnahan lost the primary to Clay for the seat on August 7, 2012.[1][2]

Early life, education and career[edit]

John Russell Carnahan was born in 1958 in Columbia, Missouri.[3] and raised in Rolla[4] He is the son of the late Mel Carnahan, the former Governor of Missouri and posthumous U.S. Senator-elect, and Jean Carnahan (née Carpenter) who was appointed to the U.S. Senate to fill the seat to which her husband was posthumously elected.

His grandfather, A. S. J. Carnahan, served in Congress for seven terms, and also as U.S. Ambassador to Sierra Leone. Russ Carnahan is a recipient of the Eagle Scout Award. His sister Robin Carnahan was elected to the office of Secretary of State in 2004 and again in 2008 in which she received the most votes cast for a single candidate in the state's history. His brother Randy was killed in the same plane crash that took the life of his father. Russ Carnahan received a bachelor's degree and a Juris Doctor degree from the University of Missouri. He worked as a private practice attorney prior to entering politics.[citation needed]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Committee assignments[edit]

Caucus memberships[edit]

Carnahan is a member of the New Democrat Coalition.

He introduced a law designed to force oil companies to pay more taxes in 2006 and co-authored a bill that would combat methamphetamine use through education research and proactive prevention.

Political positions[edit]

Crime: In the 2008 Missouri Congressional Political Courage Test, Carnahan supported the use of the death penalty in federal crimes.[5] He also supported strict penalties for internet crime, such as hacking identity theft.[5] However, he also supported programs to provide inmates with job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.[5] In addition, Carnahan supported programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.[5] He supported the requirement that crimes based on sexual orientation should be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.[5]

Economy & Jobs: In 2009, Carnahan voted for the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. Missouri Republicans criticized Carnahan's vote, noting that passage of the bill resulted in $107 million in federal funding for Lost Creek Wind Farm, an alternative energy facility owned by Russ Carnahan's brother, Tom Carnahan.[6][7][8]

Environment & Energy: Carnahan supported the regulation and enforcements of both the Clean Air and Clean Water Act.[5] He supported further development and use of alternative fuels as well as the development of traditional energy resources, such as coal and natural gas.[5] Carnahan also wanted to strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and SUVs.[5] He has supported tax credits to consumers and manufacturers of hybrid vehicles.[9] In addition, he supported international voluntary and mandatory emission targets to limit global warming.[5] Carnahan has supported the interests of groups trying to protect the environment, such as the Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund.[10] Russ Carnahan voted in favor of H.R. 2454: American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 also known as the Cap and Trade bill or Waxman/Markey act.[11]

Health: Recently, Carnahan voted against a Health Care and Insurance Law amendment that would prohibit federal funding of abortion services.[12] He supports the interests of pro-choice groups such as Planned Parenthood and NARAL Pro-Choice America.[13] Carnahan wants tax credits to be offered to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance.[5] He also supports the importation of prescription drugs to the U.S., and wants to expand prescription drug coverage under Medicare so that more people can be covered.[5] Carnahan would also like child healthcare programs to be expanded so that more children can be covered.[5] Carnahan voted in favor of H.R. 3962: Affordable Health Care for America Act in 2009,[14]

Foreign Policy In January 2010, Carnahan partnered with Republican Congressman Joseph Cao of Louisiana to create the American Engagement Caucus, its stated purpose being the promotion of a multilateral foreign policy in which the United States works closely with other countries to address global problems. As a joint editorial between the two congressmen stated, "We live in an age of interdependence. America's security, economic, environmental, and moral interests are inextricably linked with those of the international community. Simply put, it is in our vital national interest to support international engagement.".[15] He has since introduced multiple other bills related to science diplomacy.[16]

Political campaigns[edit]

Carnahan’s first campaign for political office was in 1990, when he unsuccessfully ran for Congress in the 8th Congressional District against Republican U.S. Representative Bill Emerson, losing by 14 points, 57% to 43%. Prior to challenging Emerson, by his own telling the then-32-year-old Carnahan had already "been active in government and politics for most of my adult life."[17] Carnahan was active in several of his late father’s political campaigns, including successful bids for state treasurer (1980) and lieutenant governor (1988), and an unsuccessful race for governor (1984). In January 1980, Carnahan slept for five days on the floor outside the Secretary of State’s Office in the Missouri State Capitol in Jefferson City, to ensure that his father’s name would be first on the ballot for Missouri State Treasurer when filing opened on January 8. Said Carnahan, "A lot of people get football tickets this way. It’s going to be a long five days, so I guess we’ll get some sleeping bags and a TV in here."[18] And in 1984, when his father ran for state treasurer, Carnahan made stump speeches for him across Missouri.[19] Carnahan also had already worked for Missouri House Speaker Bob F. Griffin, Missouri Secretary of State Jim Kirkpatrick, and Missouri House Majority Leader Tony Ribaudo; had served on the executive committee of the Missouri Democratic Party; and, was the deputy Missouri campaign manager for Dick Gephardt’s 1988 presidential campaign.[20]

In his race against Emerson, one newspaper remarked "on Carnahan’s tactics of deliberate misinformation and distortion of facts" and his "negative and demagogic approach to the 8th District race."[21] The Sikeston Standard-Democrat said, "Democrat Russ Carnahan has brought more mud into a congressional campaign than the days of Bill D. Burlison."[22] According to the Rolla Daily News, "We have already heard enough from Carnahan, whose loose interpretation of Mr. Emerson’s record is grossly misleading. Mostly B.S., in other words. Couple that with Carnahan’s wild accusations of what Emerson is to be blamed for, and I wouldn’t be surprised if Carnahan doesn’t soon attribute Missouri’s recent fifth-down loss to Colorado to Emerson."[23] Responding to this criticism, Carnahan alleged "that the Sowers family, which publishes the Rolla Daily News, has endorsed Emerson because the congressman rents district office space from the family."[21] The Southeast Missourian described Carnahan's claim as "amateurish."[24] In the final days of the campaign, "frustrated by ads being run by [Emerson]," Carnahan "lashed back by calling Emerson a ‘damn liar.’"[25] Emerson defeated Carnahan, 57% to 43%.

Carnahan considered running against Emerson again in 1994, but ultimately "decided 1994 was not the time." [26] He then moved to St. Louis, where in 2000 he was elected to the Missouri House of Representatives. He narrowly defeated political activist Jeanette Mott Oxford in the Democratic primary election[27] by a scant 64 votes but went on to win the general election by a wide margin.[28] He was reelected to the Missouri House of Representatives in 2002.

In 2004, Carnahan ran for the 3rd Congressional District seat in the U.S. House of Representatives which was vacated by retiring U.S. Representative and former House Minority Leader and co-founder of the New Democratic Coalition Dick Gephardt. Carnahan narrowly won a crowded primary field of ten Democratic candidates in 2004 with 22.9 percent of the vote, finishing with less than 1,800 votes ahead of his nearest rival, political activist Jeff Smith, who garnered 21.3 percent. In the general election Carnahan faced Republican candidate William J. Federer, an author and Religious Right activist who had previously run against Gephardt on several occasions. The election was somewhat closer than expected. However, St. Louis's strong Democratic tilt (a Republican has not represented this district or its predecessors since 1949) helped Carnahan win with 53 percent of the vote. The district reverted to form in 2006 and Carnahan was reelected with 65 percent of the vote.

2008[edit]

2010[edit]

Carnahan won re-election over Republican nominee Edward Martin Jr., Constitution Party nominee Nick Ivanovich, and Libertarian nominee Steven Hedrick. Brian Wallner qualified as a write-in candidate.

2012[edit]

On May 4, 2011, the Missouri Legislature overrode Governor Jay Nixon's veto of the proposed elimination of the 3rd District, by a 109-44 vote in the Missouri House, and 28-6 in the Missouri Senate.[29] Carnahan faced fellow Democrat Lacy Clay in the primary for the redrawn 1st district on August 7, 2012, since his current district will have been eliminated, and lost by a landslide, 63% to 34%.[30][31]

Carnahan has been mentioned as a possible candidate to fill a vacancy in Missouri's 8th congressional district.[32] Carnahan has deep roots in this district, which is the descendant of a district represented by his grandfather A.S.J. Carnahan in the years 1945-47 and 1949-61.[33]

Electoral history[edit]

Missouri's 8th congressional district results: 1990[34]
Year Republican Votes Pct Democrat Votes Pct
1990 Bill Emerson 81,452 57.3% Russ Carnahan 60,751 42.7%
Missouri's 3rd congressional district results: 2004–2010[35]
Year Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct
2004 Russ Carnahan 146,894 52.9% Bill Federer 125,422 45.1% Kevin C. Babcock Libertarian 4,367 1.6% William J. Renaud Constitution 1,222 0.4% *
2006 Russ Carnahan 145,219 65.6% David Bertelsen 70,189 31.7% R. Christophel Libertarian 4,213 1.7% David Sladky Progressive 1,827 0.8%
2008 Russ Carnahan 202,470 66.4% Chris Sander 92,759 30.4% Kevin C. Babcock Libertarian 5,518 1.8% Cynthia L. Redburn Constitution 4,324 1.4%
2010 Russ Carnahan 99,398 48.9% Ed Martin 94,757 46.7% Steven R. Hedrick Libertarian 5,772 2.8% Nicholas J. Ivanovich Constitution 3,155 1.6%
*Write-in and minor candidate notes: In 2004, Joseph L. Badaracco received 11 votes. In 2010, Brian Wallner received 3 votes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "UPDATE: House Redistricting Committee Unveils Map". OzarksFirst.com. Retrieved 2011-03-31. 
  2. ^ http://enr.sos.mo.gov/ENR/Views/Dashboard.aspx?DistrictName=U.S.%20Representative%20-District%201
  3. ^ "Carnahan, Russ - Biographical Information". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. U.S. House of Representatives. 
  4. ^ "Biography". Congressman Russ Carnahan Congressional website. Archived from the original on 2008-07-30. Retrieved 2008-08-31. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Project Vote-Smart". 
  6. ^ Leib, David (2010-10-01). "Wind farm generates controversy in Mo. Senate race". Associated Press. Retrieved 2010-10-12. 
  7. ^ Wagman, Jake. Blowin' in the wind: GOP pans stimulus cash for Carnahan sibling, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, September 20, 2010.
  8. ^ Radnofsky, Louise. Wind Farm Generates Heat for Carnahans, Wall Street Journal, September 30, 2010.
  9. ^ "Russ Carnahan". 
  10. ^ "Interest Group Ratings- Project Vote-Smart". 
  11. ^ "H.R. 2454: American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009". 
  12. ^ "Key Votes". 
  13. ^ "Interest Group Ratings". 
  14. ^ "House Vote On Passage: H.R. 3962: Affordable Health Care for America Act". 
  15. ^ [1] The Hill (Washington DC), January 10, 2010 (web site accessed August 26, 2010).
  16. ^ Carnahan, Russ (08/02/2012). "Science Diplomacy and Congress". Science & Diplomacy 1 (3). 
  17. ^ "Russ Carnahan hopes to unseat incumbent Emerson". Southeast Missourian. October 31, 1990. p. 6A. 
  18. ^ ""Candidates line up to file for state political offices," Cape Girardeau Bulletin Journal, 1/3/1980, p. 5". 
  19. ^ "Candidate’s wife busy with her own issues". Southeast Missourian. January 7, 984. p. 9. 
  20. ^ "Mel Carnahan missed kickoff of son’s campaign". Southeast Missourian. October 26, 1989. p. 8A. 
  21. ^ a b "Emerson stays in tune with people of district". Southeast Missourian. 11/4/1990. p. 14A. 
  22. ^ "Is Bush a Carter, a Hoover, or poor Martin Van Buren?". Southeast Missourian. 1990-10-28. p. 10A. 
  23. ^ Id.
  24. ^ Id.
  25. ^ Jim Grebing (11/4/1990). "Words heat up as 8th District foes prepare for Tuesday vote". Southeast Missourian. p. 1A. 
  26. ^ Jim Grebing (1994-03-30). "Legislature engrossed in last-day filings". Southeast Missourian. p. 6A. 
  27. ^ "State of Missouri Primary Election — Tuesday, August 08, 2000". Election Night Reporting. State of Missouri. 
  28. ^ "Official Election Returns, State of Missouri General Election, Tuesday, November 07, 2000". Election Night Reporting. State of Missouri. 
  29. ^ Legislature overrides Nixon veto of redistricting map, St. Louis Post-Dispatch (May 5, 2011)
  30. ^ "William Lacy Clay wins easily over Russ Carnahan". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. August 8, 2012. 
  31. ^ "Missouri - Summary Vote Results". August 8, 2012. 
  32. ^ https://www.stlbeacon.org/#!/content/28295/emerson_resigns_120312?coverpage=2258
  33. ^ http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=C000162
  34. ^ Michael Barone and Grant Ujifusa (1993). The Almanac of American Politics 1994. Washington, D.C.: National Journal. p. 750. ISBN 0-89234-057-6. 
  35. ^ "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Retrieved 2008-03-17. 

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Dick Gephardt
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Missouri's 3rd congressional district

2005–present
Incumbent
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Charles Boustany
R-Louisiana
United States Representatives by seniority
232nd
Succeeded by
Emanuel Cleaver
D-Missouri