Russ Prize

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Fritz J. and Dolores H. Russ Prize
Gold medal with the heads of a man and a woman
A gold medal depicting Fritz and Dolores Russ
Awarded for Bioengineering
Date October 1999
Location Ohio
Country United States
Presented by United States National Academy of Engineering
Reward US$500,000[1]
First awarded 2001
Last awarded 2011
Currently held by Leroy E. Hood
Official website Official website

The Fritz J. and Dolores H. Russ Prize is an American national and international award established by the United States National Academy of Engineering (NAE) in October 1999 in Athens, Ohio. Named after Fritz Russ, the founder of Systems Research Laboratories, and his wife Dolores Russ, it recognizes engineering achievement that "has had a significant impact on society and has contributed to the advancement of the human condition through widespread use." The award was instigated at the request of Ohio University to honor Fritz Russ, one of its alumni.[1]

The first Russ Prize was awarded to two people, Earl E. Bakken and Wilson Greatbatch, in 2001. Since then, the prize has been awarded to one person every two years. The most recent recipient, in January 2011, was Leroy E. Hood, who received the award for his research on fundamental biology.[2] Only living persons may receive the prize and recipients of the Charles Stark Draper Prize are not eligible for the Russ Prize.[3] Members of the NAE, as well as non-members worldwide are able to receive the award.[1][4]

The winners are presented during the National Engineers Week in February and receive US$500,000, a gold medallion and a hand-scribed certificate.[1] The Russ Prize, the Gordon Prize and the Draper Prize, all awarded by the NAE, are known collectively as the "Nobel Prizes of Engineering".[5][6][7][8]

Recipients[edit]

Earl E. Bakken was one of the first persons, along with Wilson Greatbatch, who received the Russ Prize.
Year Recipient(s) Nationality Reason Reference
2001 Bakken, Earl E.Earl E. Bakken and Greatbatch, WilsonWilson Greatbatch USA "for their independent development of the implantable cardiac pacemaker." [9]
2003 Kolff, Willem JohanWillem Johan Kolff USA "for his pioneering work on artificial organs, beginning with the kidney, thus launching a new field that is benefiting the lives of millions." [9]
2005 Clark, LelandLeland Clark USA "for bioengineering membrane-based sensors in medical, food, and environmental applications." [9]
2007 Fung, Yuan-ChengYuan-Cheng Fung USA "for the characterization and modeling of human tissue mechanics and function leading to prevention and mitigation of trauma." [9]
2009 Gaden, Elmer L.Elmer L. Gaden USA "for pioneering the engineering and commercialization of biological systems for large-scale manufacturing of antibiotics and other drugs." [9]
2011 Hood, Leroy E.Leroy E. Hood USA "for automating DNA sequencing that revolutionized description for Hood Leroy photobiomedicine and forensic science." [9]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Fritz J. and Dolores H. Russ Prize". NAE. Retrieved 2010-12-28. 
  2. ^ "2011 Fritz J. and Dolores H. Russ Prize Recipient". NAE. Retrieved 2011-01-11. 
  3. ^ "History of the Russes and the Russ Prize". NAE. Retrieved 2011-01-11. 
  4. ^ "Fritz J. and Dolores H. Russ Prize Nomination Procedures". NAE. Retrieved 2011-01-11. 
  5. ^ "GPS, dialysis inventors win top awards". Chicago Tribune. 2003-02-19. Retrieved 2011-01-11. 
  6. ^ Laura A. Bischoff (2001-01-31). "First Russ Prize to be Awarded". Dayton Daily News. Retrieved 2011-01-11. 
  7. ^ Rex Graham (2007-01-11). "Y.C. Fung Wins Russ Prize". Medical News Today. Retrieved 2011-01-11. 
  8. ^ "Leroy Hood wins 2011 Russ Prize". Ohio University. 2011-01-05. Retrieved 2011-01-11. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f "Previous Recipients of the Fritz J. and Dolores H. Russ Prize". NAE. Retrieved 2010-12-28.