The city of Russeifa
|• Mayor||Musa Ali Saad|
|• City||15 sq mi (38 km2)|
|Elevation||2,300 ft (700 m)|
|• Metro density||40,000/sq mi (15,000/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (UTC+3)|
Russeifa, also spelled Russiefa, (Arabic: الرصيفة) is a city in Zarqa Governorate in Jordan. It had a population of about 280,000 (2009 estimate), making it the fourth-largest city in Jordan, after Amman, Irbid, and Zarqa.
The city of Russeifa is located in the Central region of Jordan, in the Zarqa River basin, on the Amman-Zarqa highway. The three cities Amman, Zarqa, and Russeifa form one large metropolitan area, second largest metropolitan area in the Levant after Damascus metropolitan. The city administratively belongs to Zarqa Governorate. Due to its proximity to Amman and Zarqa, it houses several heavy industries.
The Jordan National Census of 2004 shows that the population of Russeifa for that year was 268,237. The female to male ratio was 48.46% to 51.54%. Jordanian citizens made up 89.6% of Russeifa's population.
Districts of Metropolitan Russeifa
The metropolitan area is divided into five districts as follows:
|District||Arabic Name||Area (Km2|
|Hitteen District||منطقة حطين||6.51|
|Ameriyya District||منطقة العامرية||5.0|
|Yarmouk District||منطقة اليرموك||3.0|
|Qadessiyya District||منطقة القادسية||4.0|
|Rasheed District||منطقة الرشيد||8.0|
The city is known for the Phosphate mine industry since 1935, first discovered by Amin Kamel Kawar, The Jordan Phosphate Mines company, founded by Kawar, operates and runs the phosphate mines in Russeifa. In 1943, the world's only fossil remains of the Arambourgiania Dinasoaur discovered so far, were found by mistake near the Amman-Damascus railway. Many heavy industries are based in Russeifa due to its location in between the two large cities of Amman and Zarqa, and due to the presence of the Zarqa River.