Russell Mills (publisher)

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Russell Andrew Mills (born July 14, 1944 in St. Thomas, Ontario)[1] is a former Canadian media executive and a leader and advisor of several societies. Mills worked in the Ottawa Citizen for 31 years, the last 16 as the newspaper's publisher.

Newspaper industry[edit]

Russell Mills began his career in journalism part-time from 1964 to 1967 at the London Free Press while studying sociology at the University of Western Ontario. He worked in the Oshawa Times between 1970-1971, before joining the Ottawa Citizen as a copyeditor. Starting from 1977, he had advanced from editor, then general manager in 1984, becoming publisher in 1986. He later became president responsible for 17 daily and many weekly newspapers distributed by the national Southam Newspaper Group, before returning to the Citizen.[2]

In 1996, Conrad Black's Hollinger media group bought the controlling interest in Southam, which led to what was dubbed as a "renaissance" for the Citizen. Although not a national or Toronto-based paper, the Citizen was perceived as Southam's flagship, albeit in decline in the lead-up to Black's purchase. To address the 24 percent drop to 134,266 in weekday circulation over the previous four years, Mills met with Black at New York's Carlyle Hotel to discuss new directions. A few days later in a Globe and Mail article, Black described the changes he envisioned to the "overwhelming avalanche of soft, left, bland, envious pap which has poured like sludge through the centre pages of most of the Southam papers for some time."[3]

Mills' plan called for less reliance on government and news-wire services in favour of original, authoritative content about local issues or industries that were of interest to readers. Neil Reynolds was hired as the Citizen's editor in December 1996 as part of the change.[3]

2002 dismissal Controversy[edit]

In 2002, Mills (then age 57) was dismissed from the Citizen by CanWest Global Communications Corporation, following a publication of a story critical of Prime Minister Jean Chrétien and an editorial calling for Chrétien's resignation.[4] The story was published the same day that Canwest Global chairman Izzy Asper had a meeting with Chretien at the Parliamentary Press Gallery Dinner.[5]

Mills claimed that he was dismissed because he failed to obtain approval from CanWest before publishing the editorial. However, CanWest's Leonard Asper, who was interviewed by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, said that Mills was fired because he allowed his editorial opinion to affect the news coverage at the Citizen, and that under his leadership, the paper had become "homogeneous".[6]

The dismissal generated a strong reaction in the Ottawa community and throughout Canada over concerns of press freedom and independence from corporate influence. Reporters at the Citizen withheld their bylines from stories, Ottawa city council members denounced the firing, and some members of Parliament called for an investigation into the relationship between CanWest and Chrétien's Liberal Party government.[7]

Within a week of his dismissal, 5,000 subscriptions were cancelled and readers protested outside the newspaper's building. In Parliament, NDP leader Alexa McDonough stated: "Russell Mills was fired because the Primer Minister's buddy happened to be his boss...that is downright dangerous to democracy. We need a full public inquiry into media concentration, ownership and convergence."[8]

Post-journalism[edit]

After dismissal from the Ottawa Citizen, Mills became a Nieman Fellow at Harvard University.[7] In 2002, Mills received an Honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Carleton University for services to the community and the newspaper industry; he was also awarded with the Queen’s Golden Jubilee Medal for services to Canada.[2] Mills joined Algonquin College in 2003 as Dean of the Faculty of Arts, Media and Design.[2]

In 2007, Mills was appointed (and reappointed in 2012) chairman of the National Capital Commission (NCC). The NCC is responsible for planning and participating in the development, conservation, and improvement of Canada's capital region. Before his appointment, Mills had criticized NCC for its secrecy.[9]

Mills is president of the Michener Awards Foundation for public service journalism, a director of the Canadian Film Institute and of the Canadian Battlefields Foundation and an adjudicator on the Canadian Broadcast Standards Council.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Russell Andrew Mills". CNN. Retrieved June 2, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Minister Baird Announces Reappointment of the Chair of the National Capital Commission Board of Directors". News Releases 2012. Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada. 13 April 2012. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Wahl, Andrew (18 March 1998). "Capital Offensive". Ryerson Review of Journalism. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  4. ^ "Citizen publisher fired after critical coverage of PM". CBC News. June 18, 2002. 
  5. ^ Staff (1 Oct 2002). "Fired Canadian publisher superhero of free press". Global Journalist - Missouri School of Journalism. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  6. ^ Simon, Bernard (June 24, 2002). "Publisher's Ouster Stirs New Outcry on Canadian Chain". The New York Times. Retrieved June 2, 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "Fired publisher named Nieman Fellow". Harvard Gazette. August 22, 2002. 
  8. ^ Leslie Regan Shade; David Skinner; James Robert Compton; Mike Gasher (January 2005). "5: Aspergate: Concentration, Convergence and Censorship in Canadian Media". Converging Media, Diverging Politics: A Political Economy of News Media in the United States and Canada. Lexington Books. pp. 102–105. ISBN 0739108271. Retrieved 13 April 2014. 
  9. ^ "Former Citizen publisher to be new NCC chairman". Ottawa Citizen. 3 May 2007. Retrieved 12 April 2014.