Russell M. "Russ" Solomon (born 1925) is an American entrepreneur and art collector. He is the founder of the world-wide music store empire, Tower Records.
Russell Solomon was born in Sacramento, California and grew up there during the Great Depression. His father owned a small, but successful, business called Tower Cut Rate Drug Store and from the age of 13, Solomon worked there, absorbing lessons from his father. He had little interest in school with a record of showing up late, then leaving early. He said in a January 2011 interview for the Sacramento Bee, that he "couldn't get up in the morning" so he'd get there about an hour before lunch and go home soon afterward. Solomon said he "was thrown out of high school," and did take some classes at Sacramento Junior College. His lack of formal education did not appear to hinder him especially since he learned valuable business lessons from his father. He also spent a lot of time with the photographers who processed film.
In 1941, when only sixteen, he sold used juke box records out of his father's drug store. When war broke out later that year, his business career was interrupted by military service. When the war was over, he returned to the drug store and his fledgling retail operation.
Marriages and family
In 1945, Solomon married his first wife, Doris, and their first son, Michael, was born three years later. They also have a second son, David, born in 1962. Solomon and Doris separated in 1973, but remained on good terms. In 2010, he married Patti Drosins after a long friendship.
In 1952, Solomon took his merchandising business from a few racks in the drug store owned by his father, Clayton, to a full-fledged sales company in a building across the street. He bought stock on credit and soon found himself in financial difficulties as sales failed to keep up with expenses. By 1960, his record company creditors had moved in and forced him to close. Solomon borrowed $5,000 from his father and started MTS Inc., named for his son, Michael. A month later, he was back in business with a new store that formed the foundation for his international business.
Eight years later, Solomon signed a lease for a 5,000-square-foot (460 m2) storefront in San Francisco. Encouraged by the immediate profitability of the second store, Russell Solomon expanded to Los Angeles in 1970 and added 26 more locations in the next ten years, including the Sapporo, Japan store in April 1980. Over the next decade, Tower Records spread across the globe selling books and videos in addition to music. In May 1998, MTS Inc. sold $110 million worth of notes to finance more international growth. They also received a $275 million line of credit from a group of large banks and one year later the company reported its first loss. Even though it made $76 million in the previous nine months, the interest payments had resulted in the company losing money. Although they continued to expand, Tower Records never recovered and, in 2006, the company was forced to liquidate and close its doors. At one time, Solomon maintained a collage of neckties collected from visitors on the wall outside his office.
Even after losing his business, 81-year-old Russell Solomon continued working. He went back to his first store location in Sacramento and planned a new store opening under the name R5 Records. The new operation opened just six months after Tower Records shut down. Although he no longer had the rights to the Tower name, Solomon used the same color scheme and the new logo was created by Mick Michelson, the same designer who had done the original Tower Records logo in the sixties. Solomon was joined in the effort by several long time employees. This time Solomon provided his own financing. The new store was patterned after the Tower format because Solomon still believed that "All we need to do is the things that made Tower successful." Unfortunately, the new store never really got off the ground and after less than three years Solomon sold to it Dimple Records, a local Sacramento chain. Dimple's co-owner John Radakovits turned his grand opening into a retirement party for Russell Solomon. Radakovits included a large oil painting of the Tower Records founder in his rock 'n' roll memorabilia display and dedicated the store to his long-time competitor and friend. Many of Tower Records former employees attended the retirement party to reminisce and celebrate with Solomon.
Russell Solomon's plan for retirement is to spend more time on his second lifelong passion, photography. As a child, a developing interest in taking photos led him to sell his stamp collection to fund a flash attachment. His only real interest in high school seems to have been his stint as yearbook photographer. He spent the six months while he was waiting to report for his military training taking photography classes at the Los Angeles Art Center.
An art collector, Russell Solomon has spent years taking photos of artists he admires as well as other people with interesting faces. Solomon's wife Patti said "He's been taking pictures of artists for years, because if he has a camera, whoever is there, he's going to take a picture." Soon after his retirement, Michael Stevens and his wife Suzanne Adan, curators of Sacramento City College's Gregory Kondos Gallery, noticed a photo Russell Solomon had done of sculptor Gerald Walburg. Stevens said, "Russ had absolutely captured the character of Gerry." They soon arranged a showing of his portraits in the City College gallery that turned out to be a great success. After more than 70 years of photography, Russell Solomon has become an artist. Even though he uses a digital camera these days, he doesn't manipulate his images. He simply loves taking pictures of faces. In fact, he says, he probably would have been a fashion photographer if he hadn't gotten involved in selling records first.
- Reid, Dixie (January 23, 2011). "Smile, you're in Russ Solomon's viewfinder". The Sacramento Bee. Retrieved August 22, 2011.
- Geissinger, Steve (March 12, 1988). "How Sacramento Solomon Built a Tower of Vinyl Out of Father's Store". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 22, 2011.
- "Tower Records Files For Bankruptcy". CBS News. February 9, 2004.
- Jens F. Laurson & George A. Pieler (2006-11-15). "The Tower that Fell". Forbes. Retrieved 2008-12-09.
- Buchalter, Gail. "Profiting well is the best revenge." Forbes 146.9 (1990): 80. MasterFILE Premier. EBSCO. Web. 24 Mar. 2011.