Russet Burbank potato

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Organic Russet-Burbank potatoes.
Idaho russet potatoes.

The Russet potato is a large potato with dark brown skin and few eyes. Its flesh is white, dry, and mealy, and it is good for baking, mashing, and french fries.[1] It is a common and popular potato.[2]

To improve the disease resistance of Irish potatoes, Luther Burbank selected the potato that became known as the Burbank. It was not patented because plants such as potatoes that are propagated from tubers were not granted patents in the United States.[3] The Idaho nickname is after the U.S. state, a leading growing region. In Canada, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, and Manitoba produce potatoes (2013).

Varieties with high levels of starch are most suited to baking and mashing.[4] The UK generally uses the Maris Piper variety.[5]


  1. ^ Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal. Eric Schlosser, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2001
  2. ^ "Baked". Retrieved 15 April 2013. 
  3. ^ Daniel Kevles (2002). A history of patenting life in the United States with comparative attention to Europe and Canada: a report to the European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies. 
  4. ^ "Compare varieties". Retrieved 15 April 2013. 
  5. ^ "Maris Piper". Retrieved 15 April 2013.