Russian All-People's Union
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Russian Wikipedia. (January 2013)|
|Russian All-People's Union|
|Politics of Russia
Russian All-People's Union (Russian: Росси́йский общенаро́дный сою́з, abbreviation ROS) was a Russian nationalist political party, formed in October 1991, in 2001 it merged into Narodnaya Volya. Its leader was Sergey Baburin.
The organization was founded by Russian nationalist-oriented members of the CPSU (dubbed 'Russian platform of the CPSU'). It was launched on 26 October 1991 by Russian Supreme Soviet deputies of the faction 'Rossiya'. According to Nikolai Pavlov, one of the ROS leaders, the party was established as a 'patriotic and democratic' force with the aim of uniting parties of socialist orientation. Pavlov also claimed that they had similar positions with more centrist organizations, like the Cadet party of Mikhail Astafyev, Christian Democratic Party of Aksyuchits and the Democratic Party of Russia. However, one of the ROS member organizations in 1992 was the Stalinist Russian Party of Communists, led by A.Kryuchkov. The ROS was part of the United Opposition and later National Salvation Front, arguably belonging to the 'FNS right'. Besides socialist tendencies, the ROS had connections with traditional Russian nationalists and monarchists and promoted pan-Slavist policies, including support for Serbia's expansion.
The party published newspaper Vremya (Russian: Time/Era). The ROS took part in the 1995 legislative election within the bloc Power to the People!, led by Baburin and Nikolai Ryzhkov. It won 1.6% of votes, failing to pass the 5% barrier, the ROS nevertheless got nine seats, all from majoritarian districts. The party co-operated with other formations of nationalist-communist orientation, e.g. the Communist Party of Russian Federation, whose candidate Gennady Zyuganov (supported by the Russian All-People's union) was defeated on the 1996 presidential election by Yeltsin.
In 2001, the ROS joined with three other nationalist parties to form the Narodnaya Volya.
- Hahn, G. M. (1994). "Opposition politics in Russia." Europe-Asia studies 46(2). p. 308
- Hahn, G. M. (1994). "Opposition politics in Russia." Europe-Asia studies 46(2). p. 309
- (Russian) Справка об истории РОС
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