List of Russian flags

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This is a list of flags used in Russia.

National Flag[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Russia.svg 1668?–1918 (as ensign)
1883–1918
1993–present
State Flag of Russia. A tricolour consisting of three equal horizontal fields, white on the top, blue in the middle and red on the bottom. Used as a commercial and civil maritime ensign from the 1690s (allegedly from 1668) on.

Presidential Flag[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Standard of the President of the Russian Federation.svg 1994–present Flag of the President of Russia. Square version of the Flag of Russia, with the Coat of arms, with a gold fringe.

Military Flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation.svg Flag of the Ministry of Defence
Banner of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (obverse).svg Armed forces
Soviet Znamya Pobedy.svg Banner of Victory (Historical battle flag) The Banner of Victory raised on the Reichstag in 1945. Replicas of the Victory Banner can be used alongside the national flag on Victory Day.
Russia Victory Commemorative Flag.svg 1996–2007 Commemorative flag. The Victory Banner. It had a status similar to that of the national flag, and could be used alongside the national flag on national holidays.
Flag of the Russian ground forces.svg Flag of the Russian Ground Forces.
Flag of the Air Force of the Russian Federation.svg Flag of the Russian Air Force.
Naval Ensign of Russia.svg 1712–1917
1991–present
Ensign of the Russian Navy, the so-called андреевский (St. Andrew's) flag. A blue saltire on a white field.
Naval Jack of Russia.svg Jack of the Russian Navy. The Ensign of the Russian Navy superimposed on a white cross on a red field.
Flag of the Russian Airborne Troops.svg Flag of the Russian Airborne Troops. A bicolour of horizontal stripes, blue and green defaced with the Russian Airborne Troops emblem.
Flag of Strategic Rocket Forces of Russia.svg Flag of the Strategic Rocket Forces.

Non-Military Security Forces[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Russian Ministry of Extraordinary Situations.svg 1992–present Flag of Ministry of Extraordinary Situations
Flag of the Russian Ministry of Extraordinary Situations (departmental).svg 1992–present Departmental Flag of Ministry of Extraordinary Situations
Флаг ПС ФСБ РФ.jpg Flag of Border Guard Service of Russia
Russian Border Guard.svg Ensign of Russian Coast Guard

Historical Flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Russia (1668).svg 1668 Alleged first Russian flag.
Flag of Russia.svg 1700[1]–1858 De facto (unofficial) flag of Russia Peter the Great's tricolour was the merchant flag (civil ensign) of Russia. As the oldest civil flag to represent Russia, it was later adopted as the national flag representing the country rather than the Tsar. However, the flags used by the Russian Army were regimental flags with the Double-Headed Eagle, the official Imperial symbol, in the centre. The Imperial Standard was the black Double-Headed Eagle displayed on a golden banner, represented the Tsar, the absolute ruler of the Russian Empire.
Standard of the Emperor of Russia (1858).svg 1700–1858 Imperial Standard. Yellow banner with Tsar's emblem.
Romanov Flag.svg 1858–1883 Flag of the Russian Empire for "Celebrations".[2][3][4][5][6] The flag was introduced in 1858, however it was not as popular as the white-blue-red civil ensign, which was adopted in 1883 for land use. In the 20th century there was a widespread myth (based on incorrect statements by the leading Soviet historian K. Ivanov) that Russia had changed her official flag in 1858.[citation needed]
Since the 1990s this flag is used by monarchists and some extreme right political groups.
Imperial Standard of the Emperor of Russia (1858–1917).svg 1858–1917 Imperial Standard. Yellow banner with the coat of arms.
Flag of Russian Empire for private use (1914–1917).svg 1914–1917 Russian Empire (unofficial, private use only). A tricolour of horizontal stripes, white, blue and red, with a yellow canton with the coat of arms.
Flag of Russian SFSR (1918-1937).svg 1918–1937 Flag of the Russian SFSR (variant). Red banner with stylized "RSFSR" abbreviation in gold Cyrillic letters in the honour canton.
Flag of Russian SFSR.svg 1954–1991 Flag of the Russian SFSR. The Flag of the Soviet Union with a blue band at the hoist.
Flag of the Soviet Union (1923-1955).svg 1923–1955 First flag of the Soviet Union. The flag of the Soviet Union was used in Russia as the state flag throughout the Soviet period until the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg 1955–1980 Second flag of the Soviet Union. The second flag of the Soviet Union changed the hammer and sickle's shape and made it smaller.
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg 1980–1991 Third flag of the Soviet Union. The third flag of the Soviet Union had lighter colors.
Flag of Russia (1991-1993).svg 1991 Flag of the Russian SFSR. Flag of Russian SFSR from 1 November (de facto from 22 August) 1991 to 25 December 1991.
1991–1993 Flag of the Russian Federation. Official Flag of the Russian Federation from 25 December 1991 to 11 December 1993, when it was replaced by the present version.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ History of the Russian flag (in Russian)
  2. ^ Bonnell, Victoria E. Russia at the barricades: eyewitness accounts of the August 1991 coup. M.E. Sharpe, 1994, p92
  3. ^ Condee, Nancy. Soviet hieroglyphics: visual culture in late twentieth-century Russia. Indiana University Press, 1995, p49
  4. ^ Saunders, Nicholas J. Matters of conflict: material culture, memory and the First World War. Routledge, 2004, p129
  5. ^ National Museum of Science and Technology (Canada). Material history review. Canada Science and Technology Museum, 2000, p46
  6. ^ CRWflags.com