Russian Naval Aviation

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Авиация Военно-морского флота
Aviatsiya Voenno-morskovo Flota
Russian Naval Aviation
Naval Ensign of Russia
Active since 1912[citation needed]
Country Russian Federation (previously the Soviet Union and Russian Empire)
Branch Russian Navy
Type Naval aviation
Major-General Igor Kozhin
Major-General Timur Apakidze
Roundel Russian Air Force roundel.svg

The Russian Naval Aviation (Russian: Авиация Военно-морского флота России, tr. Aviatsiya Voenno-morskovo Flota Rossii) is the air arm of the Russian Navy, having superseded the Soviet Naval Aviation. The Russian Navy is divided into four fleets and one flotilla: Northern Fleet, Pacific Ocean Fleet, Baltic Fleet, Black Sea Fleet, and Caspian Flotilla.

The air forces of the most important fleets, the Northern and Pacific fleets, operate long range Tu-142 anti-submarine warfare aircraft and Il-38 medium-range ASW aircraft. Formations operating supersonic Tu-22M3 bombers were transferred to the Russian Air Force's Long Range Aviation in 2011.[1] The relatively small fleets, the Baltic and Black Sea, currently have only tactical Su-24 bombers and ASW helicopters in service. The small Caspian Flotilla operates An-26 and Mi-8 transports, Ka-27PS rescue helicopters, as well as some Ka-29 and Mi-24 armed helicopters. In 2011, the Russian Navy Deputy Commander-in-Chief for Naval Aviation and Air Defense/Commander, Naval Air and Air Defense Forces is Major General Igor Kozhin.

A Sukhoi Su-33 from the 279th Shipborne Fighter Aviation Regiment, on Admiral Kuznetsov's flight deck.

Structure and Organisation[edit]

Structure in 2007[edit]

This is the structure of the Russian Naval Aviation, as reproduced from the August 2007 issue of the Air Forces Monthly.[2]

Northern Fleet Air Force – HQ Severomorsk

Pacific Fleet Air Force – HQ Vladivostok

  • 568th Independent Composite Aviation Regiment – HQ at Mongokhto - operating Tu-22M3, Tu-142MR/MZ;
  • 865th Interceptor Aviation Regiment – HQ at Yelizovo-Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Airport - MiG-31;
  • 317th Composite Air Regiment – HQ at Yelizovo - Tu-142;
  • 71st Independent Military Transport Air Squadron – HQ at Nikolayevka, Primorskaya - An-12, An-24, An-26;
  • 175th Independent Shipborne Anti-submarine Helicopter Squadron – HQ at Yelizovo - Ka-27;
  • 289th Independent Anti-submarine Air Regiment – HQ at Nikolayevka - Il-38, Ka-27, Ka-29;

Baltic Fleet Air Force – HQ Kaliningrad

Black Sea Fleet Air Arm – HQ Sevastopol (status in 2010) [3][4]

Structure after 2008–2011 reforms[edit]

As a result of the 2008 Russian military reforms, the units of the Russian Naval Aviation were reorganized into 13 new Naval Air Bases. Each new naval air base consists of an HQ, support units and one or more aviation groups/wings (the former air bases). In a second stage, the air bases were merged into territorially integrated structures. Only the 279th Regiment retained its status. The planned transfer of Naval Aviation assets (Su-24, Su-27, Tu-22M3, MiG-31) to the Air Force has been delayed [5] due to their importance to the service, but was finally implemented by the end of 2011.

As of 2012, the only fixed wing strike and fighter aircraft of Russian Naval Aviation are the Su-33 fighters and Su-25UTG attack aircraft of the 279th Regiment (forming the Admiral Kuznetsov's carrier air wing), plus the Su-24 bombers based in the Crimea. This sole bomber unit remained part of Naval Aviation as an exception to satisfy treaty requirements governing Russian forces deployments on Ukrainian territory (these must be part of the Black Sea Fleet).[6] Buying brand new multirole Sukhoi Su-30SM for the Black Sea Fleet to replace Su-24 is in the planning stages.[7] Naval aviation also retains the anti-submarine aircraft of the forces (the Tu-142 and the Il-38) and the helicopter arm.

Naval air bases of the Russian Naval Aviation include:

Baltic Fleet air bases:

Black Sea Fleet air bases:

Northern Fleet air bases:

  • Kipelovo NAB
  • Olenegorsk NAB
  • Severomorsk-1 NAB
  • Severomorsk-2 NAB

Pacific Fleet air bases:

Aircraft Inventory[edit]

Aircraft Photo Origin Role Version Number[8] Comment
Fixed-wing aircraft
Mikoyan MiG-29K MiG-29K at MAKS-2011 airshow.jpg  Russia Multirole Fighter MiG-29K
A total of 24 ordered. To be deploy aboard Russian aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov.
Sukhoi Su-33 Sukhoi Su-33 in 2010 (5).jpg  Russia Fighter aircraft Su-33 26[10] Based in the Northern Fleet, deploy aboard Russian aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov. To be retired in favor of the MiG-29K.
Sukhoi Su-30SM Sukhoi Su-30SM, Russia - Air Force JP7671112.jpg  Russia Multirole Fighter Su-30SM 3 A total of 30 aircraft ordered.[11] Replacing the Su-24M.
Sukhoi Su-24 Sukhoi Su-24 inflight Mishin-2.jpg  Soviet Union Strike aircraft Su-24M 22[10]
Yakovlev Yak-130 Yakovlev Yak-130.jpg  Russia Advanced and Lead-in fighter training Yak-130 A total of 10 aircraft ordered.[12]
Sukhoi Su-25 Sukhoi Su-25UTG in 2010 (2).jpg  Soviet Union Strike aircraft Su-25UBP/UTG 4[10] Used for carrier training purposes, without attack system, with landing hook.
Tupolev Tu-142 Tu-142M-1986-DN-SC-87-03776-DPLS.jpg  Soviet Union Anti-submarine warfare Tu-142MK/MZ 24[10]
Ilyushin Il-38 Russian Navy Ilyushin Il-38 Dvurekov-1.jpg  Soviet Union Anti-submarine warfare Il-38/N 25/3[13] Maritime patrol aircraft. 28 aircraft undergoing modernization to Il-38N standard.[14][15]
Antonov An-24/An-26 Russian Navy Antonov An-26 Dvurekov-1.jpg  Soviet Union Transport aircraft 25[10]
Antonov An-72 Russian Navy Antonov An-72 Dvurekov-1.jpg  Soviet Union Transport aircraft 6[10]
Antonov An-140 Antonov An140-100 RA-41258 (8595004761).jpg  Russia Passenger transport aircraft An-140-100 3[16] 1 more on order. Replaces the An-24, of which only one is still active.
Beriev Be-12 Russian Navy Beriev Be-12PS Dvurekov-1.jpg  Soviet Union Search and rescue Be-12 6[10]
Beriev Be-200 MChS Beriev Be-200 waterbomber.jpg  Russia Searching amphibious aircraft Be-200PS 6 ordered[17]
Kamov Ka-27 (Helix) US Navy 030612-N-4374S-001 A chock and chain crew, part of the flight deck team aboard the Aegis cruiser USS Vella Gulf (CG 72) remains in a ready position while a Russian Helix K-27 helicopter lands aboard ship.jpg  Soviet Union Anti-submarine warfare, transport Ka-27





A program to modernize the fleet will begin in 2015.[18]
Kamov Ka-52 Russian Kamov Ka-52 helicopter - Bronnitsy.jpg  Russia Attack helicopter Ka-52K 1[19] 31 on order. To be deployed on the new Mistral-class LHDs.
Kamov Ka-31 Russian Navy Kamov Ka-31.jpg  Russia Airborne early warning Ka-31R 3[10]
Mil Mi-8/17 Russian Air Force Mil Mi-8MTV-5 Beltyukov-1.jpg  Soviet Union Transport helicopter Mi-8MT 9[10]



External links[edit]