Russian Naval Aviation
|Авиация Военно-морского флота
Aviatsiya Voenno-morskogo Flota
Russian Naval Aviation
|Country||Russian Federation (previously the Soviet Union and Russian Empire)|
|Major-General Igor Kozhin|
The Russian Naval Aviation (Russian: Авиация Военно-морского флота России, tr. Aviatsiya Voenno-morskogo Flota Rossii) is the air arm of the Russian Navy, having superseded the Soviet Naval Aviation. The Russian Navy is divided into four fleets and one flotilla: Northern Fleet, Pacific Ocean Fleet, Baltic Fleet, Black Sea Fleet, and Caspian Flotilla.
The air forces of the most important fleets, the Northern and Pacific fleets, operate long range Tu-142 anti-submarine warfare aircraft and Il-38 medium-range ASW aircraft. Formations operating supersonic Tu-22M3 bombers were transferred to the Russian Air Force's Long Range Aviation in 2011. The relatively small fleets, the Baltic and Black Sea, currently have only tactical Su-24 bombers and ASW helicopters in service. The small Caspian Flotilla operates An-26 and Mi-8 transports, Ka-27PS rescue helicopters, as well as some Ka-29 and Mi-24 armed helicopters. In 2011, the Russian Navy Deputy Commander-in-Chief for Naval Aviation and Air Defense/Commander, Naval Air and Air Defense Forces is Major General (NAF&NADF) Igor Kozhin.
The Russian Naval Aviation consists of the following components:
- Naval missile-carrying aviation;
- Shore-based ASW aviation;
- Attack (Shturmovik) Aviation;
- Shore-based fighter aviation;
- Reconnaissance aviation;
- Shipborne aviation (fighters and ASW aircraft);
- Auxiliary air units.
Structure in 2007 
- 924th Separate Maritime Reconnaissance Aviation Regiment – HQ at Olenegorsk/Olenya - Tu-22M3;
- 279th Shipborne Fighter Aviation Regiment – HQ at Severomorsk-3 - Su-25UTG, Su-33;
- 73rd Independent Air Squadron – HQ at Kipelovo (Fedotovo) - Tu-142MK, Tu-142MR;
- 403rd Separate Mixed Aviation Regiment – HQ at Severomorsk-1 - An-12, An-26, Il-38, Tu-134;
- 830th Separate Shipborne Anti-Submarine Helicopter Regiment - HQ at Severomorsk-1 - Ka-27;
- 568th Independent Composite Aviation Regiment – HQ at Mongokhto - operating Tu-22M3, Tu-142MR/MZ;
- 865th Interceptor Aviation Regiment – HQ at Yelizovo-Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Airport - MiG-31;
- 317th Composite Air Regiment – HQ at Yelizovo - Tu-142;
- 71st Independent Military Transport Air Squadron – HQ at Nikolayevka, Primorskaya - An-12, An-24, An-26;
- 175th Independent Shipborne Anti-submarine Helicopter Squadron – HQ at Yelizovo - Ka-27;
- 289th Independent Anti-submarine Air Regiment – HQ at Nikolayevka - Il-38, Ka-27, Ka-29;
- 689th Independent Fighter Aviation Regiment – Kaliningrad Chkalovsk - operating Su-27;
- 4th Independent Naval Assault Aviation Regiment – Chernyakhovsk Air Base - operating Su-24M/MR;
- 125th Independent Helicopter Squadron – HQ at Chkalovsk - operating Mi-8, Mi-24;
- 396th Independent Shipborne Anti-Submarine Helicopter Squadron - Donskoye Air Base - Ka-27/PS, Ka-29;
- 398th Independent Air Transport Squadron – HQ at Khrabrovo - An-2, An-12, An-24, An-26, Be-12, Mi-8.
- 25th Independent Anti-submarine Helicopter Regiment - HQ at Kacha, Crimea - ~20 helicopters of types Ka-27 and Mi-14
- 917th Independent Composite Air Regiment - HQ at Kacha, Crimea - ~10x Antonov transport aircraft of types An-2, An-12 and An-26; 4x Be-12; ~10x Mi-8
- 43rd Independent Naval Shturmovik (Assault) Air Squadron - HQ at Gvardeyskoye, Crimea - 18x Su-24M; 4x Su-24MR;
Structure after 2008–2011 reforms 
As a result of the 2008 Russian military reforms, the units of the Russian Naval Aviation were reorganized into 13 new Naval Air Bases. Each new naval air base consists of an HQ, support units and one or more aviation groups/wings (the former air bases). In a second stage, the air bases were merged into territorially integrated structures. Only the 279th Regiment retained its status. The planned transfer of Naval Aviation assets (Su-24, Su-27, Tu-22M3, MiG-31) to the Air Force has been delayed  due to their importance to the service, but was finally implemented by the end of 2011.
As of 2012, the only fixed wing strike and fighter aircraft of Russian Naval Aviation are the Su-33 fighters and Su-25UTG attack aircraft of the 279th Regiment (forming the Admiral Kuznetsov's carrier air wing), plus the Su-24 bombers based in the Crimea. This sole bomber unit remained part of Naval Aviation as an exception to satisfy treaty requirements governing Russian forces deployments on Ukrainian territory (these must be part of the Black Sea Fleet). Buying brand new multirole Sukhoi Su-30SM for the Black Sea Fleet to replace Su-24 is in the planning stages. Naval aviation also retains the anti-submarine aircraft of the forces (the Tu-142 and the Il-38) and the helicopter arm.
Naval air bases of the Russian Naval Aviation include:
Baltic Fleet air bases
- Doiskoe NAB
- Chernyakhovsk NAB
- Chkalovsk NAB
- Khabrovo NAB
Black Sea Fleet air bases
- Gvardenkoe NAB
- Kacha NAB
- Novofedorivka NAB
Northern Fleet air bases
- Kipelovo NAB
- Orenegorsk NAB
- North Sea-1 NAB
- North Sea-2 NAB
Pacific Fleet air bases
- Elizovo NAB (Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Airport)
- Kamnnely Ruchei NAB
- Kiev NAB
- Nikolaev NAB
Aircraft inventory 
|Aircraft (NATO designation)||Origin||Type||Versions||In service||Notes|
|Sukhoi Su-33 (Flanker-D)||Russia||fighter||Su-33||19||designed for service on the Russian aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov|
|Mikoyan MiG-29K (Fulcrum-D)||Russia||fighter||MiG-29K/KUB||24 ordered||24 ordered in Jan 2010; first delivery of 4 MiGs expected in 2013 |
|Sukhoi Su-24 (Fencer)||Soviet Union||attack||Su-24M||18|
|Sukhoi Su-25 (Frogfoot)||Soviet Union||attack||Su-25UBP/UTG||14||8 UBPs and 6 UTGs - used for training pilots to fly the Su-33 fighter.|
|Tupolev Tu-142 (Bear-F)||Soviet Union||long range ASW||Tu-142MK/MZ||16||8 MKs in the Northern Fleet and 8 MZs in the Pacific Fleet.|
|Ilyushin Il-38 (May)||Soviet Union||medium range ASW||Il-38/N||26||11 in service with the Northern Fleet, 15 with the Pacific Fleet.|
|An-24||Soviet Union||transport aircraft||An-24T||10|
|An-140||Russia||transport aircraft||An-140-100||1||+3 on order|
|Sukhoi Su-24MR (Fencer)||Soviet Union||reconnaissance||Su-24MR||4|
|Kamov Ka-31||Russia||airborne early warning||Ka-31R||2||+1 on order.|
|Rescue hydroplane with ASW capability|
|Beriev Be-12||Soviet Union||rescue hydroplane||Be-12||9||Probably will be replaced by Beriev A-40. Not ordered for this time.|
|Mil Mi-24 (Hind)||Soviet Union||attack helicopter||Mi-24V||20|
|Kamov Ka-52||Russia||attack helicopter||Ka-52K||unknown||designed for service on the Mistral class amphibious assault ships|
|Mil Mi-8 (Hip)||Soviet Union||transport helicopter||Mi-8MT||35|
|Kamov Ka-27 (Helix)||Soviet Union||ASW helicopter||Ka-27/29/32||88||72 used for ASW, while the rest of 16 used for transport.|
|Mil Mi-14 (Haze)||Soviet Union||ASW Helicopter||Mi-14||9||5 used for search-and-rescue, while the other 4 are used for ASW.|
- "Force Report: Russian Navy". Air Forces Monthly. January 2012. Unknown parameter
- Air Forces Monthly, p. 65
- Air Forces Monthly, p. 70
- Moscow Defense Brief #2, 2011 p. 18-22
- "Ударные самолеты морской авиации передадут ВВС до конца года".
- State of the Russian Air Force, warfare.ru. Retrieved on September 9, 2008.
- International Institute for Strategic Studies Military Balance 2012, p.200
- Air Forces Monthly, p. 68
- Air Forces Monthly, p. 69
- Ka-27/29/32 Helix Naval helicopter, warfare.ru. Retrieved on September 9, 2008.
- Mil Mi-14 Haze, warfare.ru. Retrieved on September 9, 2008.
- Butowski, Piotr. Force Report:Russian Air Force, Air Forces Monthly, August 2007 issue.
- State of the Russian Air Force warfare.ru, Russian Military Analysis.