Russian Unity

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Russian Unity
Leader Sergey Aksyonov
Headquarters Dolgorukovskaya 11/2, Simferopol
Ideology Russian nationalism
Colours White, blue and red
Supreme Council of Crimea
3 / 100
Website (Russian)
Politics of Ukraine
Political parties

Russian Unity (Ukrainian: Руська Єдність, Russian: Русское Единство) is a banned political party in Ukraine registered in October 2008.[1] On 30 April 2014 a Kiev Court banned the party "from activity on the territory of Ukraine".[2] Party leader Sergey Aksyonov was instrumental in making possible the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation.[2][3][4] Crimea is currently under dispute by Russia and Ukraine.[5] The party is based in Crimea, which has a Russian-speaking majority.

Although the party takes positions on a number of issues, the party's main focus has been Russian language rights and promoting Ukrainian relations with Russia.[6]


The party was founded in Simferopol under the original name Vanguard (Ukrainian: Авангард) and registered by the Ukrainian Ministry of Justice in October 2008.[1] In August 2010 they were renamed Russian Unity.[7] It won 3 seats (of the 100 in total) during the 2010 Crimean parliamentary election in the Supreme Council of Crimea.[8]

In the 2012 Ukrainian parliamentary election the party competed in/for 4 constituencies (seats), all of them located in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea;[9] but it won in none and thus missed parliamentary representation.[10] The parties best results in was in constituency 1 (located in Simferopol) with 9.12%.[9] In constituency 2 (also located in Simferopol) it scored 4.12%, in constituency 6 (in Feodosiya) 4.11% and in constituency 10 (in Bakhchysarai) 2.28%.[9]

In 2014 the party has been involved with protests and the seizure of government buildings, including the Supreme Council of Crimea (the parliament of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea), during the 2014 Crimean crisis.[3] Party leader Sergey Aksyonov was named Prime Minister of Crimea on 27 February 2014, and then called for a referendum on Crimea’s autonomy.[3] On 11 March Crimea adopted a declaration of independence and held on 17 March the 2014 Crimean status referendum that lead to the 21 March 2014 annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation.[3][4][5]

The Ministry of Justice of Ukraine filed a lawsuit at the District Administrative Court in Kiev for the ban of activities of the party (and also for a ban on the party Russian Bloc) on 23 April 2014.[11] On 30 April (2014) the Court banned the party "from activity on the territory of Ukraine".[2] The Court stated that the signing of Aksenov of the treaty that formally sealed the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation was evidence of "encroachment on the territorial integrity of Ukraine".[2]

In August 2014 the party signed a cooperation agreement with Latvian Russian Union to "strengthen the unity of the Russian world, Latvian Russian Union is a Russian political party in Latvia.[12]

Party leaders[edit]


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