Russian battlecruiser Admiral Lazarev

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Kirov-class battlecruiser.jpg
Frunze c.1986
Career (Soviet Union)
Name: Frunze
Namesake: Mikhail Frunze
Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev
Builder: Baltiysky Naval Shipyard, Leningrad
Laid down: July 27, 1978
Launched: May 26, 1981
Commissioned: October 31, 1984
Renamed: Admiral Lazarev
Status: Laid-up, to be scrapped
General characteristics
Class & type: Kirov class battlecruiser
Displacement: 24,300 tons Standard, 28,000 (Full Load)
Length: 252 m (827 ft)
230 m (750 ft) (Waterline)
Beam: 28.5 m (94 ft)
Draft: 9.1 m (30 ft)
Propulsion: 2-shaft CONAS, Nuclear propulsion with steam turbine boost
140,000 shp
Speed: 32 knots (59 km/h)
Range: 1,000 nautical miles (2,000 km) at 30 knots (56 km/h) (combined propulsion),
Essentially unlimited with nuclear power at 20 knots (37 km/h)
Complement: 727
Aircrew: 18
Flag staff: 15
Sensors and
processing systems:
·Voskhod MR-800 (Top Pair) 3D search radar on foremast
·Fregat MR-710 (Top Steer) 3D search radar on main mast
·2 × Palm Frond navigation radar on foremast
·2 × Top Dome for SA-N-6 fire control
·4 × Bass Tilt for AK-360 CIWS System fire control
·2 × Eye Bowl for SA-N-4 fire control
·Horse Jaw LF hull sonar
·Horse Tail VDS (Variable Depth Sonar)
Armament: 20 P-700 Granit (SS-N-19 Shipwreck) AShM
16x8 (128) SA-N-9 surface-to-air missiles
12x8 (96) S-300PMU Favorit SA-N-6 Grumble surface-to-air missiles
44 OSA-MA (SA-N-4 Gecko) PD SAM
2x RBU-1000 305 mm ASW rocket launchers
2x RBU-12000 (Udav-1) 254 mm ASW rocket launchers
1 twin AK-130 130 mm/L70 dual purpose gun
10 533 mm ASW/ASuW torpedo tubes, Type 53 torpedo or SS-N-15 ASW missile
8x AK-630 hex gatling 30 mm/L60 PD guns
Armour: 76 mm plating around reactor compartment, light splinter protection
Aircraft carried: 3 Kamov Ka-27 "Helix" or Ka-25 "Hormone"
Aviation facilities: Below-deck hangar

Admiral Lazarev (Адмирал Лазарев) is the second Kirov class battlecruiser. Until 1992 she was named Frunze (Фрунзе) after Bolshevik leader Mikhail Frunze; at that time she was renamed after Russian admiral Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev.

Construction and design[edit]

She was laid down on July 27, 1978 at Baltiysky Naval Shipyard, Leningrad, launched on May 26, 1981, and commissioned on October 31, 1984.[1]

Differences from lead ship[edit]

Admiral Lazarev was constructed differently from the lead ship of the class. On the forward part of the ship, the twin SS-N-14 ASW missile launcher was replaced with 8 octuple SA-N-9 surface to air missile vertical launchers. On the aft part, a single twin AK-130 130mm gun, similar to the guns used on Slava and Sovremennyy, was used instead of two 100mm guns. Near the flight deck, the 30mm CIWS cannons were moved to the aft superstructure and replaced with 8 octuple SA-N-9 vertical launchers. There were also some differences in the sensors, ESM/ECM suite and communication systems.[2]

Career[edit]

In December 1984 she joined the Soviet Navy's Pacific Fleet. The following summer she visited Luanda, Aden, and Vietnam.[citation needed]

In 1999 the cruiser was taken out of service and prepared for scrapping as no money was available for its overhaul.[3] In 2004-2005 the cruiser's nuclear fuel was unloaded.[3] As of 2009 it was reported that the ship is moored near Vladivostok, in conservation status. The Russian Navy planned to modernised the ship and return it to active service, provided that the necessary funds were found.[4] This now is highly unlikely, as it is "considered to be beyond repair, they will be scrapped, a source in the military complex says."[5]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 43.126545°0′0″N 132.330907°0′0″E / 43.12655°N 132.33091°E / 43.12655; 132.33091