Russian coast defense ship Admiral Seniavin

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RUS Admiral Senyavin in 1901.jpg
ex-Russian coastal defense battleship Admiral Senyavin, which later became the IJN Mishima
Career (Russia) Naval Ensign of Russia.svg
Name: Admiral Senyavin
Builder: Baltic Works, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Laid down: 2 August 1892
Launched: 22 August 1894
Commissioned: 1896
Struck: 28 May 1905
Fate: Prize of war to Japan
Career (Japan) Naval Ensign of Japan.svg
Name: Mishima
Acquired: 1905
Commissioned: 6 June 1905
Struck: 10 October 1935
Fate: Sunk as target, September 1936
General characteristics
Class & type: Admiral Ushakov-class coastal defense ship
Displacement: 4,165 long tons (4,232 t) normal
4,270 long tons (4,339 t) max
Length: 84.6 m (277 ft 7 in) w/l
Beam: 15.88 m (52 ft 1 in)
Draught: 5.49 m (18 ft 0 in)
Propulsion: Two Shaft VTE steam engine, 5,250 shp (3,910 kW); 4 boilers
Speed: 16 knots (30 km/h)
Range: 260 tons coal;
3,000 nautical miles (6,000 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h)
Complement: 406
Armament: • 4 × 254 mm (10 in) guns
• 4 × 120 mm (4.7 in) guns
• 10 × 47 mm (1.9 in) guns
• 12 × 37 mm (1.5 in) guns
• 4 × 450 mm (18 in) torpedo tubes
Armour: Belt: 250 mm (9.8 in)
Deck: 75 mm (3 in)
Turret: 200 mm (7.9 in)
IJN Mishima in 1905

Admiral Seniavin (Russian: Адмирал Сенявин), was a Admiral Ushakov-class coastal defense ship built for Imperial Russian Navy during the 1890s. She was one of eight Russian pre-dreadnought battleships captured by the Imperial Japanese Navy from the Russians during the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905. She subsequently served in the Japanese Navy under the name Mishima (見島?) until sunk as a target in 1936.

In Russian service[edit]

Initially assigned to the Russian Baltic Fleet, she was later reclassed as a coastal defence ship.

The three obsolete Ushakovs (Admiral Ushakov, General Admiral Graf Apraksin, and Admiral Senyavin) were rejected for inclusion in the Second Pacific Squadron assembled by Admiral Zinovy Rozhestvensky to reinforce the existing Russian squadron based at Port Arthur after the outbreak of the Russo-Japanese War as Rozhestvensky felt they were unsuitable for such an extreme blue-water operation.[1] Nevertheless all three were selected to form part of Admiral Nebogatov's Third Pacific Squadron which was subsequently sent out to reinforce Rozhestvensky on his journey to the Far East after political agitation following his departure. This Third Pacific Squadron transited the Suez Canal and the two Russian squadrons rendezvoused at Cam Ranh Bay after a cruise that became known as the "Voyage of the Damned", and from there Rozhestvensky set course through the South China Sea towards the Korea Strait, where they were discovered by the Japanese.

At the resulting Battle of Tsushima (27–28 May 1905), the three ships survived the first phase of the engagement on the evening of 27 May largely due to the Japanese concentrating their efforts on Rozhestvensky's modern battleships (concentrated in the First and Second Divisions of the Russian squadron) and their subsequent almost-total destruction left the Russian fleet in tatters. Nebogatov's Third Division was largely able to keep itself together during the night, although the Seniavin's sister ship Admiral Ushakov strayed from formation and sunk by Japanese torpedoes. The morning of 28 May found the Russian survivors surrounded by an apparently undamaged Japanese force, and Nebogatov surrendered. Thus Senyavn and Apraksin were captured as prizes of war.[2]

Japanese service[edit]

General-Admiral Graf Apraxin was commissioned into the Imperial Japanese Navy under the name Okinoshima and Admiral Senyavin became the 2nd class Coastal Defense Vessel Mishima. Mishima was named for the small island of Mishima, offshore from Hagi in Yamaguchi prefecture, not far from the location of the Battle of Tsushima.

Mishima was part of the Japanese Second Fleet in World War I, participating in the Battle of Tsingtao against the small number of Imperial German Navy ships left behind by Admiral von Spee's East Asia Squadron.

After the end of the war, Mishima supported the Japanese Siberian Intervention against the Bolshevik Red Army in eastern Russia by covering the landings of Japanese forces, and by acting as an ice breaker to keep the sea lanes between Japan and Vladivostok open.

On 1 April 1921, Mishima was re-classified as a submarine tender.

Mishima was decommissioned on 10 October 1935. She was expended as a gunnery target and sunk in September 1936 off Kushima, Miyazaki.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Captain Peter Hore, Battleships, p. 115.
  2. ^ Eric Grove, Big Fleet Actions, pp. 29-45.

References[edit]

  • Burt, R.A.: Japanese Battleships, 1897–1945
  • Gibbons, Tony: The Complete Encyclopedia of Battleships and Battlecruisers
  • Hore, Peter (2005). Battleships. Anness Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0-7548-1407-6. 
  • Jentsura, Hansgeorg (1976). Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869-1945. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-893-X. 
  • Schencking, J. Charles (2005). Making Waves: Politics, Propaganda, And The Emergence Of The Imperial Japanese Navy, 1868-1922. Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-4977-9. 

External links[edit]