Russian exonyms

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Below is a list of Russian language exonyms for places, mainly in Europe. Note that this list only includes names that are significantly different from the local toponym, some exonyms are marked as historical, modern exonyms may match the toponyms.

Contents

Albania[edit]

Country name[edit]

Shqipëria Албания/Albaniya

Austria[edit]

Country name[edit]

Österreich Австрия/Avstriya

Cities[edit]

  • Wien Вена/Vena

Regions[edit]

Belgium[edit]

Country name[edit]

België/Belgique/Belgien Бельгия/Bel'giya

Regions[edit]

China with self-governing territories[edit]

Country name[edit]

中國(Zhōngguó)/中国(Zhōngguó) Китай/Kitay

Cities and territories[edit]

Cuba[edit]

Cities[edit]

Cyprus[edit]

Country name[edit]

Κύπρος (Kýpros)/Kıbrıs Кипр/Kipr

Cities[edit]

Czechia[edit]

Country name[edit]

Česko Чехия/Chekhiya

Cities[edit]

Regions[edit]

  • Čechy Богемия/Bogemiya
  • Morava Моравия/Moraviya
  • Slezsko Силезия/Sileziya
  • Sudety Судетская область/Sudetskaya oblast' (Судетенланд/Sudetenland)

Denmark[edit]

Country name[edit]

Danmark Дания/Daniya

Cities[edit]

Regions[edit]

  • Jylland Ютландия/Yutlandiya

Egypt[edit]

Country name[edit]

مصر (Miṣr) Египет/Yegipet

Cities[edit]

Estonia[edit]

Country name[edit]

Eesti Эстония/Estoniya

Cities[edit]

  • Narva Нарва, historically Ругодив/Rugodiv
  • Tallinn Таллин, historically Колывань/Kolyvan'

France[edit]

Cities[edit]

Germany[edit]

Country name[edit]

Deutschland Германия/Germaniya

Regions[edit]

Greece[edit]

Country name[edit]

Ελλάδα (Elláda), Ελλάς (Ellás) Греция/Gretsiya

Cities[edit]

Regions[edit]

Iran[edit]

Cities[edit]

Israel and Palestinian territories[edit]

Names for most biblical toponyms are based on the Greek version; however, names for modern toponyms, even when derived from biblical names, are transliterated (e.g. Назаре́т, but Нацра́т-Илит).

Cities[edit]

Italy[edit]

Cities[edit]

Japan[edit]

Country name[edit]

日本 (Nihon or Nippon) Япония/Yaponiya

Korea, North[edit]

Cities[edit]

Korea, South[edit]

Cities[edit]

Latvia[edit]

Cities[edit]

  • Koknese, Кокнесе (Koknese), historically Кукейнос/Kukeinos

Lithuania[edit]

Country name[edit]

Lietuva Литва/Litva

Cities[edit]

  • Kaunas Каунас (Kaunas), historically Ковно/Kovno (before 1918)
  • Vilnius Вильнюс (Vilnius), historically Вильна/Vilna (before 1918), Вильно/Vilno (1918-1939)

Libya[edit]

Country name[edit]

ليبيا (Lībiyā) Ливия/Liviya

Cities[edit]

Mali[edit]

Cities[edit]

Moldova[edit]

Country name[edit]

Moldova Молдавия/Moldaviya

Cities[edit]

Mongolia[edit]

Country name[edit]

Монгол улс (Mongol uls) Монголия/Mongoliya

Cities[edit]

Morocco[edit]

Country name[edit]

المغرب, (al-Maġrib) Марокко/Marokko

Cities[edit]

The Netherlands[edit]

Cities[edit]

Poland[edit]

Country name[edit]

Polska Польша/Pol'sha

Cities[edit]

Regions[edit]

Portugal[edit]

Cities[edit]

  • Lisboa Лиссабон/Lissabon

Romania[edit]

Country name[edit]

România Румыния/Rumyniya

Cities[edit]

Serbia[edit]

Country name[edit]

Србија, Srbija Сербия/Serbiya

Cities[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Country name[edit]

Sverige Швеция/Shvetsiya

Cities[edit]

  • Stockholm Стокгольм/Stokgol'm, historically Стекольня/Stekol'nya

Switzerland[edit]

Country name[edit]

Schweiz, Suisse, Svizzera, Svizra Швейцария/Shveytsariya

Cities[edit]

Syria[edit]

Country name[edit]

سورية (Sūriyya) Сирия/Siriya

Cities[edit]

Thailand[edit]

Country name[edit]

ราชอาณาจักรไทย (Ratcha Anachak Thai) Таиланд/Tailand

Cities[edit]

Turkey[edit]

Country name[edit]

Türkiye Турция/Turtsiya

Cities[edit]

Turkmenistan[edit]

Cities[edit]

  • Aşgabat Ашхабад/Ashkhabad
  • Garabogaz Карабогаз/Karabogaz
  • Guşgy (now Serhetabat) Кушка/Kushka

Ukraine[edit]

Cities[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

Nations[edit]

United States of America[edit]

Cities[edit]

States[edit]

  • Texas Техас/Tekhas

See also[edit]