Russian government referendum, 1993

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A four-part referendum was held in Russia on 25 April 1993.[1] Voters were asked questions on confidence in President Boris Yeltsin, support for the government's socio-economic policies and early elections for both the presidency and parliament.[1] The referendum was initiated by the Congress of People's Deputies, which stipulated that Yeltsin would need to obtain 50% of the electorate, rather than 50% of valid votes. However, the Constitutional Court ruled that the president required only a simple majority on two issues: confidence in him, and economic and social policy; though he would still need the support of more than half the electorate in order to call new parliamentary and presidential elections.

All four questions were approved by a majority of voters.[2]

Results[edit]

Question I[edit]

Do you have confidence in the President of the Russian Federation, B. N. Yeltsin?[2]

Choice Votes %
For 40,405,811 59.9
Against 26,995,268 40.1
Invalid/blank votes 1,468,868
Total 68,869,947 100
Registered voters/turnout 107,310,374 64.2
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Question II[edit]

Do you support the economic and social policy that has been conducted since 1992 by the President and Government of the Russian Federation?[2]

Choice Votes %
For 36,476,202 54.3
Against 30,640,781 45.7
Invalid/blank votes 1,642,883
Total 68,759,866 100
Registered voters/turnout 107,310,374 64.1
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Question III[edit]

Should there be early elections for the President of the Russian Federation?[2]

Choice Votes %
For 34,027,310 51.2
Against 32,418,972 48.8
Invalid/blank votes 2,316,247
Total 68,762,529 100
Registered voters/turnout 107,310,374 64.1
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Question IV[edit]

Should there be early elections for the People's Deputies of the Russian Federation?[2]

Choice Votes %
For 46,232,197 69.1
Against 20,712,605 30.9
Invalid/blank votes 1,887,258
Total 68,832,060 100
Registered voters/turnout 107,310,374 64.1
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1642 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ a b c d e Nohlen & Stöver, p1647