Battle of Åland Islands

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Russian raid on Gotland)
Jump to: navigation, search
Battle of Åland Islands
Part of World War I
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S61670, Gestrandeter Minenkreuzer SMS Albatros.jpg
SMS Albatross after running aground during the battle.
Date 2 July 1915
Location off Gotland, Sweden near the Åland Islands
Result Allied victory, Germans retreat.
Belligerents
 German Empire  Russian Empire
 United Kingdom
Commanders and leaders
German Empire Johannes von Karpf Russian Empire Mikhail Bakhirev
Strength
3 armored cruiser,
1 cruiser,
2 light cruisers,
7 torpedo boats
3 armored cruisers,
2 light cruisers,
1 destroyer,
1 submarine
Casualties and losses
2 armored cruisers damaged,
1 cruiser grounded
unknown

The Battle of Aland Islands, or the Battle of Gotland, which occurred in July 1915, was a naval battle of World War I between the German Empire and the Russian Empire, assisted by a submarine of the British Baltic Flotilla. It took place in the Baltic Sea off the shores of Gotland, Sweden, a country neutral in World War I.

The Russian armored cruiser Admiral Makarov'

The German mine-laying cruiser SMS Albatross— screened by the armored cruiser SMS Roon, the light cruisers SMS Augsburg and Lübeck, and seven torpedo boats, under Kommodore Johannes von Karpf—was laying mines off the Åland Islands. On the morning of 2 July, they were intercepted by a Russian squadron consisting of the armored cruisers Admiral Makarov and Bayan with the light cruisers Oleg and Bogatyr, under Rear Admiral Mikhail Bakhirev.

In the artillery duel that followed, Albatross was badly damaged and beached on the Swedish coast. In the second phase of the battle, German armoured cruiser Roon and Russian Bayan fought each other at distance without serious damage. Reinforcements on both sides sailed to join the engagement. The Russian armored cruiser Rurik joined the fight as the German force retreated and was encountered by the old light cruiser Lübeck, which took her for the destroyer Novik. Lübeck managed to escape in the short but fierce fighting when Roon intercepted Rurik. Both sides duelled each other at far distance, but again no damage was inflicted by either side. As the German armored cruisers SMS Prinz Adalbert and Prinz Heinrich sailed to reinforce the German squadron, Prinz Adalbert was torpedoed by the British submarine HMS E9 and limped to shore.

See also[edit]

Media related to Gotland Battle (1915) at Wikimedia Commons

External links[edit]