Russian submarine Dmitri Donskoi (TK-208)
|Career (Soviet Union, Russia)|
|Laid down:||3 March 1977|
|Launched:||23 September 1980|
|Commissioned:||12 December 1981|
|Class & type:||Typhoon-class submarine|
|Propulsion:||2 × OK-650 reactors|
|Armament:||20 × Bulava SLBMs
4 × 533 mm (21 in) torpedo tubes
2 × 650 mm (26 in) torpedo tubes
Hull number TK-208 was the lead vessel of the Soviet third generation Project 941 Akula class (NATO reporting name Typhoon) of ballistic missile submarines. She was laid down at the Severodvinsk shipyards on 3 March 1977 and launched on 22 September 1980. At 175 metres in length, she became the world's largest submarine, a record which she still holds along with her five sister ships.
In 1990, she entered the dry dock in Severodvinsk for upgrades and repairs. Due to both economic and technological problems, the completion was severely postponed. In 2000, work on her was intensified.
In June 2002, now serving in the Russian Navy, the TK-208 finally left the Severodvinsk dry dock. After 12 years of overhaul and modifications, she had now received the name Dmitry Donskoy, named after the Grand Duke of Moscow (1359–1389). The twenty launchers for the R-39 missiles she originally carried were replaced with launchers for the most advanced submarine-launched ballistic missile to date, the RSM-56 Bulava. Although she was built as a third generation submarine, she is now referred to as a fourth generation submarine due to her extensive modifications.
The first launch of a Bulava missile was carried out by the Dmitry Donskoy on 27 September 2005. The vessel was surfaced and fired the missile from a point in the White Sea. On 21 December 2005, the new missile system was tested underwater for the first time. It successfully hit a target on the Kura Test Range on the Kamchatka Peninsula.
The Dmitry Donskoy and the rest of the Akulas are to be replaced by the first real Russian fourth generation submarine class, the Borei.
- Патриарх побывал на подводном ракетоносце [The patriarch has visited on an underwater rocket carrier] (in Russian). fontanka.ru. 2009-08-22. Retrieved 2009-08-24.
- Doug Gross (2009-12-10). "Rocket, not Santa, blamed for Norway spiral". CNN. Retrieved 2009-12-10.
- "Russia's Bulava missile hits target in test". RIA Novosti. 2010-10-07.