Russian warship Nadezhda
Commemorative coin showing the Nadezhda
|Career (Russian Empire)|
|Renamed:||Launched as the Leander
Renamed Nadezhda in 1802
|Fate:||Lost in 1808|
|Tons burthen:||425 bm|
Nadezhda (Russian: Надежда, "hope") was a three-masted sloop, the ex-British merchantman Leander. The Russians purchased her in 1802 and renamed her, commonly referring to her in Russian as the "frigate Nadezhda". She participated in the first Russian circumnavigation of the world (1803-1806). She was lost in 1808.
Leander was built in London in the spring of 1800 as a 425-ton merchant sloop. In 1802 Yuri Fydorovich Lisyansky purchased Leander and another merchantman, Thames, for the Russian navy. The two vessels left England for the Baltic in May 1803, docking at Kronstadt on 5 June. There the Russians renamed Leander to Nadezhda and Thames to Neva.
The two ships took part in the first Russian circumnavigation of the world, with Nadezhda serving as Admiral Krusenstern's flagship. She had a 58-member crew and carried 16 guns. She apparently sailed under the auspices of the Russian-American Company (RAC). As part of her circumnavigation she delivered RAC cargo to Kamchatka, and the first Russian embassy under Nikolai Rezanov to Japan.
In 1808 Nadezhda was chartered by an American merchant, D. Martin, to transport RACo cargoes from Kronstadt to New York. During the trip, in December she became ice-locked near Denmark and was destroyed.
In 1993 Russia issued three coins to commemorate the first Russian voyage around the world. One was a 150-roubles platinum coin showing both Nadezhda and Neva on the reverse. The other two were both 25-roubles palladium coins, one for Nadezhda and one for Neva.
- Barratt (1987).
- Barratt (1988).
- "Training Sailcraft “Nadezhda” – Historical Background"
- Barratt, Glynn (1987). The Russian Discovery of Hawai'I: The Ethnographic and Historic Record. Editions Limited. ISBN 978-0-915013-08-1.
- Barratt, Glynn (1988). The Russians and Australia (Russia and the South Pacific 1696-1840) (Vol I). University of British Columbia. ISBN 978-0-7748-0291-8
- Tredrea, John and Eduard Sozaev. (2010). Russian Warships in the Age of Sail, 1696-1860: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84832-058-1.
|This article about a specific military ship or boat of the Soviet Union or Russia is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|